Experiencing Swamy Desika -- #78
Shrimate Shri Lakshmi Nrusimha Parabrahmane Namaha:
Shrimate Shri Seetha Ramachandra Parabrahmane Namaha:
Shrimate Shri Ramanujaya Namaha:
Shrimate Nigamantha Maha Desikaya Namaha:
Shrimate Shrivan Satagopa Shri Narayana Yateendra Mahadesikaya Namaha:
"SrimAn VenaktanAthArya: kavithArkika kEsarI!
VedAnthAchArya varyO mE sannidhatthAM sadhA hrudhi"!!
In yesterdays posting on Achyuta satakam, we saw that our Lord is
fond of paramaikAntins and is always with them!
Swami Desika says that our Lord is easily approachable only to those
devotees who have undivided attention and utmost concentration on
Lord. The Lord keeps a distance from those who do not have constant
attachment towards Him.
Swami covers various important subjects in Achyuta satakam.
Swami has explained our Lord as the upaadana kaarana, nimitta kaarana
and sahakaari kaarana.
Swami has emphasised on the seshitvam of Divya Dampati. Swami states
that Lord along with Goddess Lakshmi is the mokshOpaya.
Swami having taken the role of a nAyikA admires the Lord from head
to toe - contrary to tirupAnalvar who admired Him pAdAdhi kEsam
(from feet to head).
Swami also describes the Journey of a Prapanna to Srivaikundam and
prays for eternal union with the Lord!
Swami Desika, describes the swaroopa of the Lord as laid down in the
(*)There are three texts or books that explain the Vedanta philosophy
and so they are called Prasthana Traya. They are
2. Brahma Sutra
3. Bhagavad Gita
Swami says that our Lord is full of auspicious qualities. He is above
the limitations of time, space and object. He is poorna - everywhere
and in every thing i.e. Our Lord has a place in every object - even
in a small atom, He is full and complete!
In the 11th Sloka of Achyuta satakam Swami explains the cardinal
doctrine of Visistadvaita Vedanta. Here, Swami explains the
body-soul relationship between the world and the Lord.
"sakalAnAm dharaNa niyamana swamitva niyama samstitha: sarvatanu: !
sruyasEchyuta sarva: sadA darshita kArya kAraNatva karbura: !!"
Swami says that the Lord is "sarvatanu:" - has everything as His body.
Our Lord supports (dharaNa) everything. Lord is the seshi - owner
of everything and everything works as commanded(niyama) by the Lord.
The Lord is the cause and effect ( kAranam and kAryam) - He is
Our body is dependent on the soul. It can exist only as long as the
soul supports it. The body becomes worthless, the moment the soul
leaves the body. It is hence clear that the body is supported by
the soul. The body and the soul act as one and are in unison, but
they are totally different. The body is the vehicle for the soul.
Swami explains the body-soul relationship between the world and
the Lord. The chetanas and achetanas are the body of paramatma.
They are supported and commanded by him and exist only for his
sake. They exist only to be of servitude to the Lord - sesha.
The Lord is the master who derives these benefits - seshi.
The Paramatma abides in the soul and pervades it within and
without. The body is subordinate to the Jiva and the Jiva the
subordinate of the supreme. The Jiva, Sarira and Iswara are
By having everything as Lords body, our Lord demonstrates that He
is the cause and effect of everything!!!
"Kavi Taarkika Simhaaya Kalyaana guna SaalinE!
SrimatE VenkateshAya VedAnta Gurave nama !!"
...To be continued!
dEsikan tiruvaDigaLE SaraNam
Praveena nAmni Ramanuja dasi