Experiencing Swamy Desika -- #79
Shrimate Shri Lakshmi Nrusimha Parabrahmane Namaha:
Shrimate Shri Seetha Ramachandra Parabrahmane Namaha:
Shrimate Shri Ramanujaya Namaha:
Shrimate Nigamantha Maha Desikaya Namaha:
Shrimate Shrivan Satagopa Shri Narayana Yateendra Mahadesikaya Namaha:
"SrimAn VenaktanAthArya: kavithArkika kEsarI!
VedAnthAchArya varyO mE sannidhatthAM sadhA hrudhi"!!
Swami has explained our Lord as being the upaadana kaarana,
nimitta kaarana and sahakaari kaarana. Our Lord is the
cause and effect!
This has been dealt with by Swami in Achyuta satakam.
Here is a brief of the Slokas 12 - 15 of Swami Desika's
Achyuta satakam giving us the basic concepts.
Our Lord has everything as His body and so becomes the
material cause -- upaadana kaarana. Since our Lord's will is
the cause of creation He is also the instrumental cause --
Let us take an example of a goldsmith who makes a jewel out
of gold. Gold is the cause and jewel is the effect. So, gold
is upaadana kaarana of the jewel.
To convert gold into a jewel, we need the goldsmith. So, the
goldsmith is also a cause in making the jewel, hence is the
>From the above it is clear that the upaadana kaarana and
nimitta kaarana can never be the same! The only exception to
this being our dear Lord !!!
Brahman is the upaadana and nimitta kaarana in the creation of the
If we consider the world as a jewel, He is both the gold and
the goldsmith, for the creation of the jewel (i.e. the world)!!!
Swami Desika exclaims the shakti of our Lord to be marvelous!!!
Though the upaadana and nimitta kaarana in the creation of the
world is one and the same, we find differences among the
created beings. Swami Desika explains that this is due to the
Karmas (past actions). The results of such acts or Karmas are
accumulated and sticks to each soul. This gets embodied in the
resultant well being; being in poverty; going through various
ups and downs etc.
Swami Desika goes ahead to explain the tattva, hita and
purushartha aspects pertaining to our sampradAyam.
"Tattva " is the ultimate truth;
"Hita" is the means and
"Purushartha" is the final goal;
The ultimate truth is the Divya Dampathi. They are the supreme tattva.
They are our refuge. The word Divya Dampathi should be understood as
an eternal dual. Divya Dampathi has no singular nor plural form.
Hence Divya Dampathi means the divine couple as one unit. Swami
addresses them as Divya Dampathi, Saranya Dampathi and Seshi Dampathi
to indicate that they alone are respectively the tattva and purushartha.
In the 14th Sloka of Achyuta satakam Swami Desika says that all
purushas belong to the Lord and all stri's to Lakshmi. Besides the
two of them there is nothing else!
Swami has emphasised on the seshitvam of Divya Dampathi. Swami states
that Lord along with Goddess Lakshmi is the mokshOpaya.
Swami emphatically states that there is no one equal or superior to
the Divya Dampathi. They are the sole refuge for all the worlds.
Swami states that this is the essence of all knowledge and should
always be kept in view. Swami adds that the purpose of all other
knowledge is only to understand, comprehend, realise and confirm
this supreme truth!!!
"Kavi Taarkika Simhaaya Kalyaana guna SaalinE!
SrimatE VenkateshAya VedAnta Gurave nama !!"
...To be continued!
dEsikan tiruvaDigaLE SaraNam
Praveena nAmni Ramanuja dasi