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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #12: Oblations with flowers

Pushpa Paddhathi





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Sloka #341

341. dhishidhishi munipathnyO dhaNdakAraNyaBhAgE na jahathi bahumAnAnnUnamadhyApi mUlam raGhupathipadharakshE!thvathpariShkArahEthO: apachithakusumAnAmAshramAnOkahAnAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Rama-Paaduka! The wives of the sages living in Dandaka forest at various places still cherish the trees-and refuse to leave those tree-sites-on the ground that they had once furnished the flowers to use for Paaduka-archana.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE adorning the holy feet of Raghupathy! The wives of the sages of DaNdakA forst stay close to the flowering trees , which originally contributed flowers for the worship of Raama PaadhukAs. In every corner of DaNdakA forest , we see the display of affection to the above trees displayed by the wives of the sages. These rishi pathnis recognize the unique service rendered by these trees to the Paadhukais and water them and take good care of them.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that mahans always offer their salutations to the sites , where PrumAL and AchAryAs have rested even once.

(3) There are flowering trees in the gardens of the Aasramams of Rishis of DaNdakAraNyam ,where Raama Padhukais were worshipped once .Flowers from these trees were collected and placed on the Lord's Paadukais by the Rishi pathnis ( Raghupathi PadharakshE! munipathnya: thvath parishkAra hEthO: apachitha kusumAnAm aasramAnOkahAnAm). Even today , they water the roots of those blessed trees out of maryAdhai(reverence) to them and do not forget them ( aasramAnOkahAnAm moolam bahaumAnAth adhyApi na jahathi )...(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #342

342. Ghatayasi paripUrNAn krishNamEGhaprachArE kruthaBhirupahruthaIsthvam kEthakIgarBhapathraI: varathanupariNAmAdhvAmatha: shyAmaLAnAm praNathisamayalagnAn pAdhukE! moULichandhrAn

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The Lord was, in His movements on the earth, a real dark cloud. The eleven Rudras, the half-feminine devas bend their heads low before You. The digit-a thin streak of moon that appears near You-becomes full moon by reason of the ketaki leaves, so that we see eleven full moons by Your contact, the ketaki having been dedicated to You earlier by holy people.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: After referring to the flowers of the aasramam trees, Swamy Desikan thinks of the Kaithaki flowers (blossoms of Pandanus Odorartissimus tree) resting on the Paadhukais. Kaithaki is the ThAzhai flower . It has the property of looking like full Moon , when it is seen in the company of cresenct Moon. Here , Swamy Desikan imagines a scene , where the EkAdas RudrAs are prostrating before Lord RanganAthA of bluish-black hue (of the rain-laden cloud).The eleven RudrAs have crescent Moons on their heads . They also have the dark-hued Parvathi (ShyAmaLA dEvi) on their left sides.At the time of their prostrations before the Paadhkais ,the crescent Moon on their heads joins with the Kaithaki flower petals resting on the Paadhukais and that union creates the appearance of the rising of the full Moon symbolizing the banishment of spiritual darkness.

(2) The Neela-mEgha PerumAL is on SanchAram on the Raaja Veethis of Srirangam (KrishNa mEgha PrachAram) adorning His Paadhukai .The blessed ones (Krithibhi:/PuNyasAlis) bring the inner white petals of Kaithaki flowers ( Kethaki garbha pathrai:)and offer them reverentially to the Lord's Paadhukais. The inner petals of ThAzhai flowers look like half-moon. At that time, RudrAs (Vaamatha: ShyAmaLAnAm /ardha nArIsvara moorthys with dark hued Paarvathi on the left soide of their bodies)prostrate before the Paadhukais with the alankAram of Kaithaki petals (ardha chandran ); the union of the ardha chandrans on the heads of the EkAdasa- RudrAs with the half moons (ChandramouLis) resting on the Paadhukais create the illusion of the full Moon rising against the back drop of dark blue clouds.Swamy Desikan says that the Paadhukais create this impression( PraNathisamaya laghnAn MouLi ChandrAn ParipoorNAn gaDayasi)..(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #343

343. paricharaNaniyukthaI: pAdhukE! rangaBharthu: pavanathanayamuKhyaIrarpithAm thvathsamIpE vinathaviDhimuKhEBhYo nirvishEShAm dhvirEPhA: kaThamapi viBhajanthE kAnchanIm padhmapAnkthim

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Ranganatha Paaduka! Hanuman and other servants brought gold lotuses (from the Himalayan region) and presented them to You. The four heads of Brahma bent below You. The bees hovering nearby, could only distinguish between the two, only with difficulty, all heads looking exactly lotus-like.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: In the previous slOkam, Swamy Desikan dwelled on the Kaithaki petals and the heads of Rudrans .Here , Swamy is reminded of the faces of BrahmA and the lotus flowers and composes a sOkam connecting them . He says: " Oh PadhukE! When RaamachandrA returned to AyOdhyA from LankA , He wished to offer worship to His titular deity, Lord RanganAthan.He sent HanumAn to collect the golden lotus flowers needed for the AarAdhanam. HanumAn assembled those lotus flowers and placed them close to You. At that time , BrahmA's face was also near You to help the Lord with the AarAdhanam. The bees in the worshipping hall were confused some what between the lotuses and BrahmA's faces. They could not tell, which is which without special effort on their parts". Swamy Desikan hints that BrahmA was seated on a lotus growing out of Lord RanganAthA's navel.

(2)The golden lotuses were placed by HanumAn and others near You adorning the ThiruvadikaL of the Lord ( ParicharaNa niyukthai: Pavana tanaya mukyai: thvath sameepE arpithAm). There BrahmA was with His bent head near You .The bees had a difficult time of differentiating between the heads of BrahmA seated on a lotus and the golden lotuses placed near You ( Vidhi MukhEbhya: nirvisEshAm KaanchanIm Padhma pankthim). Finally with effort , they were able to tell the two apart ( DhvirEphA: katamapi vibhajanthE)..(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #344

344. viDhishivapuruhUthasparshithaIrdhivyapuShpaI: thvayi saha nipathanthasthatthadhudhyAnaBhrungA: maDhuripupadharakshE! manjuBhi: svaIrninAdhaI ravidhithaparamArthAn nUnamaDhyApayanthi

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Brahma, Siva and Indra have dedicated divine flowers to You. Interestingly, the bees have also come with these flowers from their respective groves. They hum sweet melodies-presumably announcing the Truth to the unknowing people-(Probably what they announce is the Lord's supremacy as Paradevata and the distinct supremacy of YOUR SELF even over the Lord's Feet!)

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! The bees that accompanied the flowers brought by BrahmA , RudrA and IndrA from their gardens settled on You , when these BhakthAs showered these flowers over the Lord's feet adorning You. The bees enjoyed Your fragrance and announced to the World that Your Lord's feet are the most desirable because of their association with You. They learnt by first hand experience about the supermacy of Your Lord's Holy feet and propagated next that truth to the rest of the world. They attain thus the state of AchAryAs through that act of spreading the message about theSupermacy of Your Lord.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The MahAns assembled to offer their worship of Swamy NammAzhwAr ( ChatAri Soori)spread to others the Vaibhavam of the AzhwAr to fill them in as it were.

(3)The divine Pushpams from the gardens of Brahma-Siva-IndrAs are offered to the Lord's feet adorning You as PushpAnjali ( Vidhi-Siva-PurhUhta sparsithai: dhivya pushpai: saha Thvayi). With the flowers come the bees that were enjoying the pollen from the flowers ( Dhivya Pushpai: saha nipatantha: tath-tath udhyAna BhrungA:) Now , the bees shift their attention to the enjoyment of the divine fragrance of the Lord's lotus feet (Thiruppadham of the Sarvagandhan) adorning SatAri Soori. They are enchanted and raise sweet sounds (manjubhi: svai: ninAdhai:)to announce for those , who are not in the know about the Supreme truth about the Lord and His Paadhukais...(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #345

345. prashamayathi janAnAm sanjvaram rangaBharthu: parisarachalithAnAm pAdhukE! chAmarANAm anudhinamupayAthaIrutThitham dhivyapuShpaI: nigamaparimaLam thE nirvishan ganDhavAha:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Divine flowers are brought everyday from Devaloka. When they are presented to You, the wind from the wafting of chamaras blows out the fragrance of flowers along with that of the Vedas together: this dispels the devotees' samsara-heat!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: In this verse, Swamy Desikan describes how Vaayu also serves as an AchAryan like the bees mentioned in a previous slOkma. He says: " Oh PaadhukE! Every day , DevAs shower divine flowers from the nandavanam of Indran on You. At that time , the servants of the Lord perform chAmara kaimkaryam to You.The wafts of air (Vaayu) generated during the movement of the fans spread the fragrance of VedAs mingled with the parimaLam of divine pushpams all around. Vaayu serves this way and lets all the inhabitants of the world know that Your Lord is the Supreme Being praised with out let by the VedAs. People experiencing the fragrance spread by Vaayu end up with the destruction of their samsAric afflictions.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The entire gamut of the SamsAric afflictions are banished through the experience of Swamy NammAzhwAr's darsanam , enjoyment of the fragrance of the mahizhampoo garland adorning His neck and the listening of His Sri Sookthis.

(3) Swamy Deesikan says that the samsAra tApams of the people of the world are removed ( JanaanAm Samjvaram prasamayathi). How does it happen and what is the causative factor? Swamy points out that the nigama parimaLam (Vedic fragrance) of satAri Soori mingling with the fragrance of the divine flowers from Indran's nandhavanam are wafted across by the waving fans of KaimkaryaparALs of RanganAthA and that fragrance is responsible for the banishmnet of the fever of SamsAric afflictions...(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #346

346. aKhilaBhuvanarakshAnAtakAm darshayiShyan animiShatharupuShpaIrarchithE rangamaDhyE aBhinayamanurUpam shikshayathyAthmanA thvAm praThamavihithalAsya: pAdhukE! ranganAtha:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka!Ranganatha is a master-dancer. He enacts a small piece of drama, for protecting all the worlds. For this He chose Sriranga as the 'Natya Ranga', this has the special virtue of being sanctified by the Kalpaka flowers from the heaven. Then the Lord demonstrates by Himself first dancing and showing 'abhinayas' to teach You how to follow suit.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! RanganAthA stands at the center of Srirangam on a stage decorated with the divine Kalpaga flowers. DevAs shower these flowers on Him ,who is ready to conduct His dance of protection of the world. He moves His lotus feet for this dance and seems to be engaged in teaching You at the same time the steps for that dance.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Azhwar incarnated in this world . He did not like the SamsAric life here and conveyed to the Lord his sufferings in this world. PerumAL listened to AzhwAr and took him back to Parama Padham after the fulfilment of his avathAra kaaraNam (Creation of his Sri sookthis). AzhwAr revealed to every one that the Lord will respond with dayA to all , who appeal sincerely for the Lord's compassion and protection .

(3) Sri RanganAthan's instructions to Swamy NammAzhwAr, His ChatAri, and the stage in which the Lord gives these instructions are covered here. The dance takes place at the stage (Ranga VimAnam) , which is decorated with divine Kalpaka flowers(animisha taru Pushpai: archithE Ranga MadhyE ). There , the Lord is going to perform the dance of saving all the worlds and its beings ( Akhila Bhuvana rakshA nADikAm darsayishyan). He performs the dance first (prathama vihitha lAsya: sann), and at the same time ,gives instruction on the appropriate steps for the AzhwAr to practise( thvAm anuroopam abhinayam sikshayathi)...(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #347

347. agaLithanijarAgAm dhEvi!viShNO: padham thath thriBhuvanamahanIyAm prApya sanDhyAmiva thvAm Bhavathi vibhuDhamukthaI: spaShtathArAnuShangam parisarapathithaIsthE pArijAthaprasUnaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka Devi! The Feet of the Lord (Vishnu Padam=sky) having got the love in full 9having got its natural red hue of the twilight), are worshipped by all the worlds, and reach You(Sandhya; when all worship it), with the divine Parijata flowers poured by the devas being seen on You (stars appear on the sky after sandhya).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Swamy Desikan describes the flower shower from heaven on RanganAthA as a shower of stars. He says: " Oh PaadhukA Devi! Lord's feet has a red hue that is charactrestric of the time of dusk.You , who is celebrated by all the three worlds hence were also like the crimson dusk in color .The PaarijAthA flowers showered on Lord's feet by the DevAs fell next to You like a shower of white stars.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Swamy Desikan uses the double meaning of the word "Raagam " ( red or desire) here cleverly. He says: " Oh PaadhukE! PerumAL's Thiruvadi has great desire for all. When He adorns you, who is celebrated by all the worlds and is surrounded by the flowers showered on Him by the DevAs , He reminds one of the red-hued dusk , which is united with the stars of the sky.

(3) The Lord's Thiruvadi ( the inner side ) has a beautiful red hue. It has also great desire for the paadhukais celebrated by the three worlds ( VishNO: Padham agaLitha nija raagam ). It unites with the celebrated Paadhkais ( Thribuvana mahanIyAm thvAm prApya) in the middle of all the white divine flowers showered by the DevAs .At that time , the Lord's Thiruvadi looks like the red-hued dusk surrounded by the starry firmament ( SandhyAm prApya spashta taarA anushangam bhaavathi)..(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #348

348. vyanjanthyEthE viBhavamanaGham ranjayantha: shruthIrna: prADhvam rangakshithipathipadham pAdhukE! DhArayanthyA: nAdhaIrantharnihithanigamaIrnandhanOdhyAnaBhrungA: dhivyaI: puShpaI: snapithavapuShO dhEvi! soUsnAthikAsthE

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka Devi! You bear the Feet of Ranganatha in a favorable manner. The flowers from Devaloka have been used in oblation to You. The bees, which have come from the upper world, hum Vedic hymns, pleasant to our ears. They appear to enquire, in earnest anxiety, as to whether the bath is over. They publicize the spotless greatness of Yourself.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: When the PaarijAthA flowers showered from the sky , the bees that were drinking the honey inside the flowers also came down. The honey from those flowers flowed over the PaadhukAs as if it was being given an auspicious bath in honey.The bees that emerged out of the flowers had the ability to store VedAs inside them because of their association with the divine trees (PaarijAtham , Harichandanam , Kalpakam et al).The sounds generated by them on exit from the flowers were very pleasing to hear. Those sounds appeared as though they were iquiring the PaadhukAs whether they had an auspicious Thirumanjanam (PushpAbhishEkam ).

(2) The Paadhukais had the ThirumEni that had PushpAbhishEkam ( dhivyai: Pushpai:snapitha Vapusha:). The bees coming out had a sunAdham that sounded like they were asking whether the Paadhukais had an enjoyable Thirumanjanam ( thE sousnAthikA: kim ?).The bees house Vedic sounds inside them ( BhrungA: antharhitha nigamai: Nadhai:). The Sunaadham generated by the bees is pleasing to the ears and also appear to celebrate Your blemishless vaibhavam ( Naadhai: na; Sruthi ranjayanthassantha: thE anagam vibhavam vyanjayanthi)..V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #349

349. kim puShpaIsthuLasIdhaLaIrapi krutham dhUrvApi dhUrE sThithA thvathpUjAsu mukundhapAdhu! krupayA thvam kAmaDhEnu: sathAm prathyagrAhruthadharBhapallavalavagrAsABhilASHOnmuKhI DhEnusthiShTathu sA vasiShTaBhavanadhvArOpakaNTasThalE

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! When Your worship is being done, what for, flowers? Even Tulasi leaves are not required; let Durva grass be far away. Because You do not expect materials from good souls, who have deep devotion to You; without expecting anything, by sheer grace of Yours, You grant all rewards. You are indeed a Kamadhenu-but unlike that Kamadhenu which would eject its mouth towards Vasishta expecting a mouthful of grass from him! Let that Kamadhenu be there-we do not need it. Here is our Paadhuka, our Kamadhenu.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam:Oh PaadhukE of Moksham- granting Lord! There are people , who may feel uncomfortable that they are unable to bring flowers from PaarijAthA tree or from earthly trees or TuLasi leaves or even blades of panic grass to You as offering.They pine over their inabilities to collect any of the above material for worship and are very unhappy about their lot. You however bless them with every thing out of the fullness of Your merciful heart. in this regard, You are even better than the divine KaamadhEnu .She needs atleast a handful of fresh grass to be brought to her as a mark of respect, before she can grant the wishes of the people, who beseech Her blessings. You on the other hand do not expect anything from those , who approach You.The small act of adorning You on their heads for a moment is sufficient for you to give them more than what they asked for. Let KaamadhEnu stand where she is ! We do not need her, when You are with us.Let KaamadhEnu stand at her customary place (i-e)., at the entrance of Sage VasishtA's hermitage and help him. You give us every thing , even if we are unable to bring you anything . Your compassion and generous spirit is matchless.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that AchAryAs are crores of times more munificent than the proverbial KaamadhEnu , when it comes to granting one's wishes. The AchAryAs do not expect anything and yet grant all prayOjanms in the spirit of " KrupayA nispruhO vadEth".

(3)The salutations to the Paadhukai is "hE Mukundha Paadhu" . MulundhA's name is invoked to remind us that the Paadhukai is that of One who gives both Moksham and BhOga-Isvaryam here. Swamy recognizes the Padhukai as a veritable KaamdhEnu ( thvam krupayA sathAm KaamadhEnu:).There is however one difference between the Paadhukais and the KaamadhEnu . The Paadhukai does not need any thing , whereas the KaamadhEnu in Sage Vasishtar's aasramam might lift up its head in anticipation of a tender shoot of grass as food ( prathyagra aahrutha dharbha- pallava lava grAsa abhilAsha unmukI saa dhEnu:). The visualization of the KaamadhEnu with its anticipatory look at the hands of the visitor to see whether he or she has brought with them atleast a freshly picked , tender balde of grass (aruham pull) as food is a beautiful one...(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #350

350. chUdAragvaDharajasA chUrNasnapanam viDhAya thE pUrvam rangEshapAdhukE!thvamaBhiShinchathi moULigangayA shamBhu:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Siva performs an ablution of dust-with the pollen of konrai flowers on his head-and then performs a water-ablution with his head-Ganga.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh RanganAtha PaadhukE! Sambhu performs the ChUrNAbhishEkam ( bath in fragrant powders) first with the pollens of Cassis flowers adorning His head, when He prostrates before You. Next, He bathes You with the waters of GangA , who resides inside His matted locks. Thus You receive both ChUrNAbhishEkam and GangAbhishEkam from Your devotee, Sambhu .

(2) Srimath Andavan's observation: During the Uthsavams , Lord RanganAthA is bathed first in the yellow powder (Scented turmeric powder) and the regular Thirumanjanam with Cauvery water starts thrafter.

(3)Sambhu means both a Happy man and Parama Sivan.Swamy Desikan chooses this name of Sambhu for the special Sri RanganAtha Bhakthan, Parama Sivan, to illustrate how happy He is in performing Kaimkaryams for the Lord and His ChatAri Soori. Sambhu's matted locks are adorned with Golden Yellow Konnai flowers filled with pollen dust( ChooDAragvadha rajas). As Sambhu bends down to prostrate before the Paadhukais , the first abhishEkam is by the pollen dust ( Poorvam ChoorNa-snapanam)and the next is abhishEkam with the waters of GangA from His locks ( MouLi- GangayA thvAm abhishinjathi)..(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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