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Srimathe ramanujaya namah:
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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #14: On the melody of Paaduka walking

Naadha Paddhathi





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Sloka #391

391. shravasOrmama pAraNAm dishanthI maNipadhAvani! manjuLaI: praNAdhaI: ramayA kshamayA cha dhatthahastham samayE rangaDhurINamAnayEThA:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! Pray please bring the Lord Ranganatha, with Lakshmi and Bhoomi hand-locked with Him on either side, with Your sweet sound so as to offer food for the starved ears of mine-at the moment of my last breath!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: " Oh Ratna PaadhukE! During my last moments on this earth , please make my ears happy with Your special naadham , when You bring RanganAthA close to me. During that unique occasion , RanganAthA would be holding the hands of Sri Devi and BhUmi Devi with His two hands . You should bring Him to me in that way and please my ears with Your sweet sounds that would announce the Lord's arrival with His Devis ". Swamy Desikan indicates here that he would need the help of both the Devis to plead his case tot he Lord. BhUmi Devi would appeal to Her Lord to put up with the accumulated sins and not to get angry. Sri Devi would recommend to her Lord to bless Swamy Desikan with Moksham.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: For a long time, auspicious sounds have not fallen on my ears. Oh PaadhukE! during the last moments of my life , You must bring the Lord with His two Devis near me and fill my ears with the sweet sounds of Your sanchAram.

(3) Oh PaadhukE! With Your delectable naadham ( manjuLai PrANAdhai ), You must fill my ears. That experience will be like enjoyable meals taken after fasting for my ears ( mama sravasO: PaaraNAm) . You must bring the Lord holding the hands of Sri and BhUmi devis ( RamayA , KshamayA dhattha hastham RangadhurINam aanayETA :) during my last moments..(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #392

392. anuyAthi nithyamamruthAthmikAm kalAm thava rangachandhramaNipAdhu! Jhankrutham shravasA muKhEna pariBhujya yathkshaNA dhajarAmarathvamupayAnthi sADhava:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Ranganatha Manipaaduka! Your tinkling sound is like the moon's digit, with a nectarean effect. Sadhus drink that nectar through the mouth that their ears function like, and conquer, in a moment, old age and death.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UthtamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here Swamy Desikan states that those who are fortunate to hear the cool and melodious nadham of the paadhukais will forever be youthful and become immortal. He says: " Oh PaadhukE! Your cool and sweet nadham is equivalent to the nectar flowing from the moon of RanganAthA. That pranavam-like majestic naadham arising from You is heard by yogis and that make them immediately free from old age and death. Your naadham is equivalent to the sweet nectar flowing from the moon" .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam : SaasthrAs say that Chandra kalais Are like nectar (amrutham) and the DevAs who partake it are freed from old age and death. Reverd ones have said that those who hear the sounds of Your naadham would secure Moksham . Therefore , Your sound serves as amrutham . The inner meaning is that those who recite AzhwAr's Sri Sookthis would reach without fail the lotus feet of the Lord.

(3) Swamy Desikan addresses the Padhukais of the Lord as Rangachandra-MaNi Paadhu . The sound generated by them are described as Jamkrutham. They are also explained to be of the form of nectar ( amruthAthmikam ). Swamy Desikan reminds the Padhukais that the pious ones have declared That whoever consummes the naadham of the paadukais with their ears Would instantly be freed from old age and death and gain Moksham ( Yath naadham paribhujya KshaNAth ajarAmarathvam upayAnthi)..(V.S)

- SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -

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Sloka #393

393. puruShaIrajasramasathAmanarThakaI: parivAdhapaIshunavikathThanAdhiBhi: maDhukaItaBhArimaNipAdhukE! mama shruthiduShkruthAni vinivAraya svanaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! May You remove my sins-through Your pleasing Nada-my sins gained from hearing harsh words, worthless words, endless slandering, back-biting, self-aggrandizement, etc. from bad men of the world!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: In the previous verse , Swamy Desikan pointed out that the PaadhukA naadham made one realize freedom from old age and immortality. That stage is reached after one leaves the earth. In this verse , Swamy focuses on the benefits obtained in this life from hearing the naadham of the Paadhukais of the Lord. He says: Oh PaadhukE , the enemy of the asurAs Madhu and KaidabA ! Please eliminate all the sins arising through our organ of hearing . May You with Your power remove the sins accumulated from listening to harsh words , fruitless discussions , hateful words which attack others , boasting and slanders". Swamy Desikan describes these sins as those resulting from the facuty of hearing.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! I have become a great sinner as a result of listening to the condemnation of BhagavathAs by cruel sinners ; I have added to my sins by listening to the lies uttered about the saadhu janams and listening further to the boastings and self-praises by haughty people. May the bhAgyam of listening to Your Naadham free me from all these accumulated sins !

(3) Swamy Desikan classifies the ashayApachArams of those who commit the sin of slandering the BhaagavathAs here. He says that he has also accumulated great sins by these slanders falling on his ears. He describes the fruitless efforts of the ignoble ones , who constantly condemn Saadhus and praise themselves ( Parushai: anarTakai: ajasram parivAdha Paisuna vikatthana dhushkruthAni). Swamy Desikan states that the sheer falling of those sounds in his ears has resulted in sharing of those mahA Paapams. He begs the Paadhukais to destroy those sanjitha paapams through its auspicious sounds ( Mama sruthi dhushkruthAni tava savanai: vinivAraya )..(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #394

394. pAdhukE parijanasya dhUratha: sUchayanthi Khalu thAvakA: svanA: lIlayA BhujagathalpamujJatha: shrImathasrichathurAn padhakramAn

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! When the Lord has walked three or four steps after getting up from His Adisesha couch, the sound emanating from You announces to Your servants even at a distance that the Lord's walk has started.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! The servants of the Lord know from Your naadham that Lord has left His bed of AdhisEshan and is taking His first three or four steps .They come to know of it, even when they are at some distance away from Him through the unmistakable naadham generated by You and prepare themselves to serve Him .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that PerumAL arrives quickly at the side of those , who recite dhivya prabhandham .

(3)The sound of the Padhukais gives away the arrival of PerumAL before the assembly of servants waiting outside His bed chambers to perform kaimkaryams for the Lord. The moment Sri RanganAthan gets up from His Sayanam on AdhisEsahn and takes two or three steps with His paadhukai, the servants deduce that the Lord is on His way to receive their kaimkaryams and prepare themselves to prostrate before Him. The nadham (Svanaa:) of the Paadhukais gives the hint to the servants waiting at a distance( dhUratha; parijanasya soochayanthi khalu).. (V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #395

395. dhEvi!dhaIthyadhamanAya sathvaram prasThithasya maNipAdhukE! praBhO: vishvamangaLavishEShasUchakam shAkunam Bhavathi thAvakam rutham

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka Devi! Your musical sound serves as a good omen foretelling all-round victory to the Lord when He starts on His speedy mission to quell asuras.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh Devi PaadhukE! Oh gem-bedecked queen! Lord considers Your naadham as an auspicious omen , when he starts on His mission to destroy the asurAs. Your naadham becomes equivalent to the auspicious omens such as the sound of GarudA and musical instruments associated with joyous festivals.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: When the Lord leaves in hurry to destroy the asurAs , the naadham generated by the Paadhukais sound like auspicious omens. The inner meaning is that the sound of AzhwAr's Sri Sookthis enhance the hope of the Lord , when He strives hard to remove the dhOshams of the jeevans .

(3) The naadham of the Paadhukai is described by Swamy Desikan here as Rutham instead of SvanA: . The hurried rush of the Lord (sathvaram prasthithasya) on His Paadhukais to destroy asurAs (asura dhamanam )is conveyed to us here . That rutham is equated to auspicious omens of a special kind ( Visvamangala visEsha soochakam saakunam rutham) such as the dhvani of Garudan…(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #396

396. dhAthumarhasi thadhA mama shruthoU dhevi!rangapathirathnapAdhukE! vihvalasya BhavadhIyashinjitham svAdhu karNarasanArasAyanam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Ranganatha Paaduka Devi! At the critical moment of death, when my ears will longingly throb for a relieving medicine, this Nada from You should come and serve as a panacea to the ears that will drink it as if they take the role of the tongue!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 396:

(1) Sri Utthamur Sawmy's anubhavam: Oh Paadhukai of RanganAthA ! When the ever-present enemies of my body cause me pain and sorrow, During the last moments of my life , please fill my ears with Your Naadham. It will serve as medicine ( alchemy) to drive away those afflictions.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh rathna PaadhukE! Your Lord gave us this body so that the jeevan can reach Him . When that jeevan leaves its cage of body , the ten indhriyAs diminish their activities. At this time , if the jeevan thinks of the Lord , it is assured of reaching the Lord's sacred feet . Therefore , Your sweet sounds should reach my ears at my last moments on this earth to think of the Lord.

(3) Swamy Desikan describes the state of his ears (mind) at the time of his anthima kaalam as agitated (vihlavasya mama sruthou) and frightened . The ears are sick with a disease . Swamy Desikan states here how the delectable Naadham arising from the Padhukais( bhvadheeya sinjitham svAdhu ) would serve as an effective medicine to cure his ears from this disease of fear about what was going to happen. He describes these delectable Naadhams as the powerful medicine (rasAyanam) for his ear assuming the role of the tongue (karNa-rasanA) to taste that delectable and most effective medicine -- V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #397

397. ahamupari samasthadhEvathAnA- mupari mamaISha viBhAthi vAsudeva: thadhiha paratharam na kinchidhasmA- dhithi vadhasIva padhAvani! praNAdhaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! I very much guess that your pleasing sounds are to the effect of proclaiming to the world, "I am the Supreme Power presiding over all the devatas, and over me stands this Vasudeva. Hence, there is nothing in this world to excel Him".

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 397:

(1) Sri Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! When Your Lord destroys the asuraas , You produce a unique Naadham ; that Naadham seems to suggest that You are above all gods and NaarAyaNan is the only One, who is superior to You. You seem to announce thereby that there is no principle in all the universes that surpass Your Lord NaarAyaNan, who resides as Para VaasudEvan at Srirangam . AdiyEn (Swamy Desikan) wonders whether You (PaadhukA) instructs the dEvAs prostrating before You about this truth (Para Tatthvam) for their benefit.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Here , Swamy refers to the joyous sounds arising during the times , when the Lord of Srirangam travels adorning His PadhukAi. Swamy Desikan says that the Naadham generated seem to suggest the PaadhukA declaring proudly that it is on the heads of all the dEvAs and the Lord's Thiruvadi in turn is on it. Therefore , there can not be anyone superior to PerumAL. The inner meaning is that Swamy NammAzhwAr's ( SatAri Soori's) ThiruvAimozhi asserts that there are no gods , who are equal or superior to perumAL.

(3) I am sitting on top of all the dEvA's heads (aham samastha dEvathAnAm Upari asmi). My Lord , Sri RanganAthan is over my head ( yEsha VaasudEva: Mama upari asthi). Therefore , there can not be any entity that would be superior to PerumAL( Tath iha asmAth Parataram kinchidhapi na). You seem to give this message through Your Naadham ( thvam praNAdhai: Vadhasi iva)..V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #398

398. avanathavibuDhEndhramoULimAlA maDhumadhashikshithamanTharaprayAthA praThayasi parirabDhashoUripAdhA maNikalahEna viyAthajalpithAni

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

You have evidently become infatuated with the honey drunk from the flowers in the garlands on the heads of the chiefs of the devas who are bent before You. And the Nada, generated by the mutual collision of the gemstones, as they closely embrace the Lord's Feet, appears to be some kind of bashless and bumptious chattering! (Version according to some commentators).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 398:

(1) Sri Uthtamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PadhukE! Your Naadham sometimes sound like the bold speech of a drunken wife , who embraces her husband and gets even bolder and thereafter gives assertive orders. When dEvAs prostrate before You , the fermented honey (madhu/wine) from their flower garlands decorating their crowns fall on You. You become intoxicated with that flow of madhu. You embrace Your Lord's feet and generate a Naadham born out of happiness (and intoxication). The Naadham emanting from You at that time is sweet and bold.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: In the ordinary world , some consume intoxicating drinks , embrace the one near by and utter loud and incoherent noises. In Your world , You consume the fermented honey from the flowers adorning the heads of dEvas prostrating before You , hold on to Your Lord's sacred feet and move uncertainly with a sweet Nadham through the gems housed inside Your toeholds .

(3) Swamy Desikan describes first the swaying movement of the Paadhukai (manTara prayAthA) caused by the consumption of the fermented honey from the garlands ( MaalA-madhu) of the dEvAs( ViBhudhEndhrA:) prostrating before the Paadhukai . At the same time , the Paadhukai is hugging the sacred feet of the Lord ( Parirabdha Souri PaadhA thvam) . The joy arising from both the maalA-madhu and closeness to the Lord `s holy feet generates a special bold and incoherent Naadham from the quarrel of the gem stones inside the toe holds ( MaNi kalahEna viyAtha jalpithAni praTayasi) …(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #399

399. AsThAnEShu thridhashamahithAn varthayithvA vihArAn sThAnE sThAnE nijaparijanam vArayithvA yaThArham vAsAgAram svayamupasaran pAdhukE! manjunAdham AparyankAn na Khalu BhavathI ranganAThO jahAthi

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! After the Lord has completed His rounds where he was honoured by the devas, He pauses then and there to dismantle the different paraphernalia at appropriate places, entering into His innermost apartment. And then He does not leave You till He reaches His couch. You are so intimate a companion to Him. Your music is heard as far as that!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

SlOkam 399:

(1) Sri Uthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! During the day , Your Lord performs all the duties as the protector of the dEvAs and acknowledges their grateful salutations. He goes hither and thither to protect them . After that , He assigns His servants to appropriate places(sthAnams) and retires by Himself to the inner chambers of His consorts. You alone are with Him at that time. He does not seem to leave You even then because of the sweet Naadham generated by You as You transport Him to the inner chambers .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that every one and every thing associated with the Lord stops outside His inner sanctum. Sweet ThiruvAimozhi SaRRumuRai however takes place inside the inner sanctum.

(3)Swamy Desikan states that the Lord goes about performing His duties of protecting the dEvAs adorning His paadhukai and receives their adulations ( Thridasa mahithAn vihArAn varthayithvA) . After that , He positions the dEvAs and His kaimkaryaparALs at different positions ( sthAnE SthAnE nija parijanam yathArham vArayithvA ) prior to retiring for the night to His inner chambers (Svayam vAsAgAram upasaran) . The paadhukai transports Him to His bed of AadhisEshan . Until then , the Lord is enchanted by the sweet music generated by the Paadhukai and does not leave it behind like the other parijanam (servants). He adorns the Paadhukai until He climbs into His bed ( Bhavatheem aaparyankAth NajahAthi)..(V.S )

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #400

400. antharnyasthaIrmaNiBhirudhitham pAdhukE! rangabanDhoU mandham mandham nihithacharaNE manjuLam thE ninAdham pashyanthyAdhikramapariNathE: prAkthnIm thAm parAyA: manyE mithrAvaruNaviShayAdhuccharanthImavasThAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! When the Lord gently sets His Feet on You, to start with, the sound that is generated by the gemstones, may be likened to the first stage, called 'Paraa', as the sound emanates from the navel region-with the presidind devas being Mitra and Varuna-of a person.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 400:

(1)Sri Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Here, Swamy Desikan describes the almost inaudible Naadham made by the Paadhukai as RanganAthA adorns it and makes His first step on getting up from His bed of AdhisEshA in the morning . The gems housed inside the toe holds of the Paadhukai get shaken up gently then and produce a low sound. As RanganAthA takes the next three steps , His lotus feet are firmly inside the Paadhukai and as a result , the volume of the Naadham from the Paadhukai increases. Swamy Desikan describes the progressive growth of the Naadham generated by RanganAthA's movement in this verse and compares that phenomenon to the generation of sound by the human body in four steps known as ParA , Pasyanthi, MadhyamA and Vaikari .

The first stage of sound arising from the navel , when one attempts to speak is known as ParA. When that sound wave reaches the heart center , the level of sound gets a little louder And is known as pasyanthi. When that sound wave ascends and reaches the area between the heart and the vocal chords , it gets louder by another dimension and has been classified as MadhyamA . Finally, when the sound wave reaches the vocal chords and comes out of the mouth in an audible fashion,it is loud and is called Vaikari . The first three stages are not audible to the human ear and yet they get progressively louder from the first to the fourth stage. Each stage of speech is assisted by one of the five life-winds going up an down the body such as prANa, apAna , UdhAna et al. Swamy Desikan compares astutely the steadily increasing volume of Naadham from the Paadhkai as Lord RanganAthA takes His first four steps and links them to the stages of speech generated inside the human body controlled by the life-winds.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: When AzhwAr begins the enjoyment of PerumAl's Paadha sparsam (first step ), the Naadham is low. As AzhwAr's enjoyment increases, the level of the delectable Naadham gets progressively louder.

(3)Swamy Desikan decribes a progressive scene here as the gems inside the toe holds of paadhukai raise a ramped-up Naadham as the Lord takes His first four steps . First the lord places His feet ever so gently inside The paadhukai and takes His first step ( mandham mandham nihitha charaNE sathi , antha: nyasthai: maNibhi: udhitham manjuLam ninAdham ). As He takes the next Successive steps(Krama pariNamam) , the naadham gets louder from Sookshma state (discrete state) to more distinct states as in the case of human voice generation and propagation that takes place in four progressive steps …(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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