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Goto Slokas of this paddhathi

(Slokas of this paddhathi)

(Slokas of this paddhathi)




Sri:
Srimathe ramanujaya namah:
Srimathe nigamantha maha desikaya namah:
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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #14: On the melody of Paaduka walking

Naadha Paddhathi





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Sloka #401

401. praKhyAthAnAm pariShadhi sathAm kArayithvA prathigynAm prAyENa thvAm praThithaviBhavAm varNayanthI mayA thvam pAdhanyAsakramamanuguNam prApya rangADhirAjAth padhyAramBhAn gaNayasi param pAdhukE!svaIrninAdhaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! You, it was who caused me to promise a poetical composition on You in the midst of the reputed ones; and as I was progressing, You alone were probably proclaiming Your own prominent status in the form of sounds that are produced from each foot-step, as if it were a production of a succession of verses!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! You have made a pledge on behalf of me to compose PadhukA Sahasram to celebrate Your glories sung by the VedAs. You are using me as Your instrument to complete this work. You are describing Your limitless qualities through me. You seem to count the number of steps RanganAthA takes with You to determine and fix the length of each of the thirty two paddhathis of PaadhukA sahasram." From this verse, we understand that Swami Desikan responded to a challenge to compose this work. Here he describes the efforts of padhukAs to complete this kaavyam through him .

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: When Lord RanganAthA adorns You and goes on sanchAram ,the naadham emanating from You sounds like Your count down of the thoudsand slOkams that You (PaadhukAs)have commanded me to compose with in the time frame of one night .

(3)Swamy reminds the Paadhukais that they commanded him to compose the 1000 slokams before the assembly of great scholars(prakhyAthAnAm SathAm parishadhi mayA prathij~nAm kaarayithvA). After starting me off on the first slOkam , You seem to be busy synchronizing the progressive steps of your Lord (padhanyAsa kramam) with the patterns of Your naadham and count thereby the individual slOkams and mark thus the beginning and the end of individual paddhathis (svai: ninAdhai: padhya aarambhAn gaNayasi )…V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #402

402. viShNOrasmin padhasarasijE vrutthiBhEdhaIrvichithraI- raIdhamparyam nigamavachasAmaIkakaNTayEna sidDham itTham pumsAmanipuNaDhiyAm pAdhukE! thvam thadhEva spruShtvA sathyam vadhasi niyatham manjunA shinjithEna

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The Lotus Feet of the Lord have a variegated vista of activities, which are praised by the Vedic words, but they all have one meaning-even when appearing varied. What You proclaim, I think, by means of Your pleasing Nada, is a kind of swearing in the name of the Lotus Feet, touching them too!-to tell, in an assuring way, even to the incapable dunces, to the effect that all Vedas speak only of these Lotus Feet of the Supreme Power!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Swami Desikan referred to the pledge made by PaadhukAs in the previous verse to compose PadhukA Sahasram through him. Here Swamy Desikan describes another pledge made by the Paadhukais to establish the unquestionable supremacy of VishNu through their beautiful patterns of Naadham. He says: " Oh PaadhukE! You do a great service through Your pledge to help the dim-witted understand the supremacy of VishNu through Your own direct service to Him. You articulate that message through the naadham arising from the jingling of the bells and the gems decorating You. Your message is that VishNu's lotus feet are the essence of all the four vEdAs. You explain that the different methodologies –SaamAnyam , VisEsham , Yogam , roodi , aparyavAsanA , Vritti , LakshaNai and GouNai—adopted by the VedAs converge at the feet of Your Lord . Thus vEdAs sing in unison and establish the paramountcy of Your Lord .You interpret this truth through naadha yogam for the unsophisticated populace." SaamAnyam et al are vEdic techniques to establish the supremacy of VishNu NaarAyanan.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: When the Lord adorns You and moves around, the naadham emanating from You appears like the Upanishads use the methodologies of Sakthi , Lakshanai et al to declare in unison the supremacy of Your Lord , through the act of swearing as it were , by touching His feet .

(3) Swamy Desikan chooses two words here ( Iydampharyam and Eika kaNDyam) to suggest that the naadham originating from the Paadhukais declaring the supremacy of the Lord is like all of the upanishads expressing their most important conclusion (nigama-vachasAm iydamparyam) thru unison of all their wonderous methodologies (vichithrai: vrutthibhEdai: eikakaNDyEna siddham). The purpose of the naadhams generated by the Paadhukais remind Swamy Desikan of the scene , where the Upanishads touch the feet of the Lord to swear on the supremacy (ParadEvathA Svarooopam ) through many techniques available to them …V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #403

403. AmnAyaImthvAmanitharaparaI: sthOthumaByudhyathAnAm maDhyE BhakthyA maDhuvijayina: pAdhukE! mOhaBhAjAm shikshAthatthvasKhalithavachasAm shikshayasyEva pumsAm mAthrAdhIni svayamanupadham manjuBhi: svaIrninAdhaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Perhaps You prompt, by means of Your sound suggesting the right syllable or the like, to great men, who struggle for words, by reason of a stupor in the midst of their praise on You, on which activity they had enthusiastically embarked, with a single-minded devotion on You, (to produce the Tamil Vedas)!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh MadhusUdhana PaadhukE! Vedaas praise the auspicious qualities of Your Lord , who has been recognized by them as the paramount principle. Scholars use the Veda manthrAs to offer homage to Your Lord. During their efforts , even if they have scholarship , they stumble occasionally , when their affection for You overpowers them. These lapses in concentration lead to mistakes in maathrAs (prosodial or syllabic instants defining pronunciations of vEda manthrAs ) and that in turn alters the meaning of the mantrAas. Your naadham helps to correct these mistakes as if You are instructing them according to the rules of SikshA , the science which teaches the proper pronunciation of words and the laws of euphony. Reference is made here to Swamy NammAzhwAr's composition of ThiruvAimozhi in the form of Tamil Vedams and the PaadhukAs' help for him (Swamy Desikan) in composing the PaadhukA sahasram.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! When one enjoys Your SunAdham , it appears as though You are sweetly correcting the mistakes in uccharaNams made by the joyous vEdic scholars resulting from their overpowering joy of having Your sEvA bhAgyam. Your naadham seems to correct their faltering pronunciations . For the dim-witted people ,you seem to touch the Lord's feet and swear about Your Lord's supremacy .

(3) A sikshai (instruction /correction ) is described here . Scholars use Vedam to eulogize Paadhukais. Their affection for the Padhukais overwhelms them (mOhabhAjAm ) and they fumble in pronunciations ( skhalitha vachas ) of the vEda manthrams causing manthra lobham and svara lobham. MaathrAs falter. At that time , the merciful Paadhukais come to help and through its sweet sounds correct the mistakes….V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #404

404. lakshmIkAntham kamapi tharuNam raThyayA niShpathantham rAgAdh draShtum thvarithamanasAm rAjaDhAnIvaDhUnAm prathyAdhEsham Bhajathi maDhuraI: pAdhukE! shinjithaIsthE chEthOhArI kusumaDhanuSha: shinjinImanjunAdha:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The young damsels of the city have lost their hearts for the Lord of Mahalakshmi, Lord Ranganatha, who is a perenially youthful lad. They long to see Him as He walks fast through the streets. Were they won by the tinkling sound from the bow-chord of God Manmatha? Not so; they have been more successfully seduced by Your melodious music.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: In the previous verse , Swamy Desikan explained that PaadhukA naadham is responsible for the devotion Of the scholars for RanganAthA. Here, he states that the sweet sound(nadham) emanating from the Lord's PadhukAs is responsible for the kindling of the affection of women for the Lord. He says: " Oh PaadhukE!The eternally young Lord of Yours is carried by You around the strrets of Srirangam . The young girls of Srirangam flock to see Him during these occasions (festivals). The naadham arising from You overcomes the sound made by ManmathA's drawing of the chord of his bow to send the flower arrows to kindle the love of maidens for mere mortals. Your naadham overpowers the sound of the drawing of ManmathA's bow and makes them fall in love with Your Lord . At the same time , RanganAthA , who is beyond the influence of ManmathA's arrows falls in love with the maidens of Srirangam due to the amorous powers of Your naadham.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Sri RanganAthan has unparalleled beauty . When He has sanchaaram on the streets of Srirangam on His Paadhukais , the naadham generated during these travels enchant the minds of the young girls . They do not want to return to their homes.

(3) Swamy Desikan describes here the hurry with which the young girls of Srirangam throng to have the darsanam of the eternal youth , Lord RanganAthan ( TaruNam rAgAth dhrashtum thvaritha manasAm RaajadhAni VadhUm ). The arrows of Manmathan attempt to steal their minds. Swami Desikan suggests tha the sunAdham of the Paadhukais pushes away the power of the Manmatha `s pushpa bhANams and takes over…V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #405

405. rangaDhIshE saha kamalayA sAdharam yAyajukaI: sAram dhivyam savanahaviShAm BhOkthumAhUyamAnE nEdhIyOBhirnigamavachasAm nithyamamha: prathIpaI: prathyAlApam dhishathi BhavathI pAdhukE! shinjithaI: svaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! When Lord Ranganatha proceeds to the yajnas, along with Mahalakshmi, to partake of the 'homa-havis' having been lovingly invited by the Vedic seers, You speak in words, very much like the Vedas, ever the very opponent of sins, to the effect, "The Lord is arriving". That is how it appears to me!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! When those who perform Vedic sacrifices (yaagams) call for Your Lord and His consort to come and receive their offerings (havis) , Your naadham appears to respond first to their invitations. Through Your sacred naadham equal to the soundings of th veda manthrams , You seem to respond and advise them ( the YajamAnAs of the Yaagam) that the divine couple are on their way to accept the havis.

(2) The response of the Paadhukais to the call of YajamAnAs for the acceptance of the aahuthis by the dhivya dampathis ay Yaagams through its sweet naadham that is far superior in sacredness to those of veda manthrams (nigama vachasAm nEdheeyObhi: nithyam aham pratheepthai: svai: sinjithai: prathyAlApam disathi) is described here. The Lord is moving with ardent desire to partake the delectable offerings at the Yaj~nams with His divine consort ( yAyajUkE dhivyam savana havishAm saaram bhOthum saadharam Rangadheesa: KamalayA saha aahUyamAnE). The naadham generated durting His travel appears like the response of the Paadhukais to the YajamAnan's call for acceptance of the aahUthi…V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #406

406. upAsya nUnam maNipAdhukE!thvAm rangEshapAdhAmbujarAjahamsIm pathyu: prajAnAmalaBhantha pUrvam manjusvanam vAhanarAjahamsA:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! The royal swans which are the vehicle of Brahma would have gained their lovable voice only from a worship of Yourself, the Royal Swan, that bears the Lord's Lotus Feet. It is certain!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh Ratna Paadhuke! You are the king swan attached firmly to the lotus feet of Your Lord. I wonder whether the vehicle of BrahmA , the raaja hamsaa acquired its sweet sounding voice by worshipping You and receiving Your blessings. I wonder whether You lent them Your sweet Naadham.

(2) The inner meaning is that MahAns acquire VivEkam through Worship of Swamy NammAzhwAr.

(3) Here , Swamy Desikan describes how the vehicle (vAhanam) of Brahma , the Raaja Hamsam , acquired its sweet sound (manju svaanam) . The Hamsam worshipped Swamy NammAzhwAr , who himself is like the Raaja Hamsam attached to the lotus feet of the Lord ( Rangesa PaadhAmbhuja Raaja Hamsam upAsya manju savanam alabantha) …V.S

- SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -

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Sloka #407

407. anAdhimAyArajanIvashEna prasvApaBhAjAm prathiBhODhanArhAm pashyAmi nithyOdhithavAsarasya praBhAthanAnandhImiva pAdhukE! thvAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! I look upon Your sound as the suprabhata-song, indicating a dawn of ever-lasting daytime* (that will never have a sunset!) to which the people having been suffering from a beginningless night of prakriti (or Maya), are woken up. *This signifies Moksha

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! Your Naadham serves as Naandhi ceremony that consists of benedictory verses recited at the beginning of a religious observances. Your Naadham serves as Naandhi and wakes up the jeevan , which is asleep due to the influence of the darkness of MaayA/Prakruthi , which makes the jeevan consider the universe as being outside the Supreme Lord . In this regard, You act as the ever-awake dawn serving as Naandhi recitation through Your Nadham to awaken the jeevan in deep sleep due to the influence of the dark MaayA. You are the NaandhikAri or reciter of Naandhi to help the jeevan wake up and start its journey towards Moksham.

(2) The inner meaning is that Swamy NammAzhwAr 's Sri Sookthis help one to develop discriminating knowledge that Jeevan is eternal and its Master is Sriman NaarAyaNan and get set from that knowledge to enjoy the limitless aanandham associated with Mokshaanubhavam .

(3) The jeevans are sleeping away in the night of Prakruthi and are oblivious to their sufferings (MaayA Rajani vasEna prasvApabhAjam ) . The SunAdham of Paadhukais is like the mangala sabdham ( PrabhAdha Naandhi) that wakes up the sleeping (deluded) jeevans and takes them to the Moksham , which is like the eternally bright day ( prathiBhOdhanArham nithyOdhitha Vaasarasya PrabhAtha Naandhimiva)..V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #408

408. shruNOthu rangADhipathi: prjAnA- mArthaDhvanim kvApi samujjihAnam ithIva mathvA maNipAdhukE! thvam mandhapracharaI: mrudhushinjithAsi

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

I very much sumise that You, Oh Manipaaduka! take the Lord slowly along, producing a much too low sound, in an effort to enable the Lord hear a pathetic cry of any being anywhere around.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! I suspect that You raise a low sound (Naadham) , when You transport ranganAthA because You do not want to drown out the cries of suffering jeevans . It appears that You want to make sure that RanganAthA hears those cries and thereafter respond to them .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that Lord RanganAthA protects the jeevan that cries aloud for Him as a result of intense samsAric sufferings as well as the jeevan , which gets exposed samsAric afflictions gradually and cries with a soft voice . Paadhukais of the Lord tread gently so that he Lord can hear the low sobbings of the latter type of jeevan.

(3)Oh PaadhukE! You take gentle steps ( Mandhra prachAram) and make soft sounds (mrudhu sinjithA asi) .Why ? You want Your Lord to hear the muted sobbings of the suffering jeevans (prajAnAm aartha dhvanim SruNvatham ) with out its Naadham stifling them …V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #409

409. anthE mamArthim shamayiShyathasthA magrEsarANyApathathO murArE: shramOpapanna: shruNuyAm BhavathyA: shIthAni pAdhAvani! shinjithAni

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The end is near. I would be done up. You should give me relief. May I hear Your cool sound, that is heard in advance of the Lord's advent, at that crucial moment!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! During my last moment on this earth, I will be weak and will be crying for Your Lord to appear before me. He will respond and rush to my side to allay my anxieties and help me. The Naadham arising from You at that time will precede that of the Lord Himself , whom You will be transporting. The sound of Your Naadham announcing the arrival of the Lord will quench my samsAric sorrows .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that the Lord and the AchAryans should make the jeevan happy with their sevai.

(3) The time is the last moment of the jeevan on earth (anthima Kaalam). The jeevan has a lot of physical suffering and mental fears of what is going to happen. Swamy Desikan places himself in the role of that jeevan and prays for the appearnac eof PerumAl to his bed side adorning His PadhukAs to remove his sufferings (aarthim samayishyatha: aapathata: MurAri). Swamy Desikan equates the Naadham originating from the Paadhukais At that time to a cool breeze that banishes the taapam (heat) of those moments….V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #410

410. svAdhUni rangEshvarapAdharakshE! shrOthraI: pibanthasthava shinjithAni pachanthyavidhyOpachithAnashEShAnananthargathAnAthmavidha: kaShAyAn

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Ranganatha Paaduka! Sages destroy the dirt of desires that has grown in one, because of nescience (namely, soul-body confusion), by drinking, through the ears, the delicious drug of Your melodious sound.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PadhukE ! Evolved souls hear the sweet and melodious sounds raised by You and use them as medicine to cure the ills of samsAram that they are exposed to.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! Your naadham generates great aanandham for the ears. Some MahAns are able to hear those delectable Naadhams. That leads them to realize their sorry state as Bhaddha jeevans and drives them towards a sadAchAryan ' s Thiruvadi to learn about Tatthva-Hitha-PurushArthams .Their mind Then gets cleared of aj~nAnam and are thus freed from Moksha VirOdhis. The inner meaning is that those who comprehend the Dhivya Sookthis of Swamy NammAzhwAr develop true Jn~Anam and get freedom from all Obstacles that stand in the way of Moksham.

(3) Those who taste the delectable Naadhams of the Paadhukais as they transport the Lord (Tava svAdhUni sinjithAni SrOthrai: Pibhantha: ) banish all attachments totally ( anthargathAn avidhyA UpachithAn aseshAn KashAyAn pachanthi) and get set on their journey to Moksham …V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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