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Sri:
Srimathe ramanujaya namah:
Srimathe nigamantha maha desikaya namah:
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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #14: On the melody of Paaduka walking

Naadha Paddhathi





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Sloka #441

441. garBhOpalaIrgamanavEgavashAdhvilOlaI: vAchAlithA maDhuBhidhO maNipAdhukE! thvam prasthOShi BhAvithaDhiyAm paThi dhEvayAnE prasThAnamangaLamrudhangavishEShaGhOSham

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! The sound emitted by the gemstones during the Lord's swift walk, appears to be an auspicious Mridanga sound played for the departure of the soul on the Archiradi path, in the case of one whose mind has been wholly set in the Bhakti or Prapatti Yoga.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! When the great souls start their journey after obtaining the boon of Moksham , they travel towards Your Lord on the divine path (dEvayAna path) prescribed by Him . At that time , Your Lord hastens on Your back to meet the liberated souls , who have been granted refuge at His holy feet. The speed of the Lord's movement shakes up the gems embedded in You and generate a majestic sound that resembles the sounds of the auspicious percussion instrument , Mrudhangam.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The naadham generated by the Paadhukais sound like the MangaLa vaadhyams that are being played during the yAthrai of a liberated soul travelling on the ArchirAdhi maargam to Sri Vaikuntam .

(3) Swamy Desikan compares the naadham generated by the gems inside the toe hold jostling against each other as the PaadhukAs move swiftly during the Lord's SanchAram ( gamana vEgavasAth vilOlai: garbhOpalai: vaachAlithaa) to the auspiciuous sound of the mrudangham being played ( mangaLa mrudhangavisEsha ghOsham ) . Swamy Desikan points out such a mangaLa ghOsham is like the naadhOpachArams offered to the liberated souls as they travel on the archirAdhi maargam ( dEvayAnE paTi bhAvitha dhiyAm , prasTAna mangaLa mrudhanga VisEsha ghOsham ) towards the Lord's Supreme abode , Sri Vaikuntam…(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #442

442. paryankamAshrithavathO maNipAdhukE! thvam pAdham vihAya parikalpithamoUnamudhrA shrOthum praBhOravasaram dishasIva mAtha:! nABhIsarOjashayithArBhakasAmagIthim

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh ManipAdhuka! The Lord having reached the couch, You release the foothold; You also observe silence, leaving a good opportunity for the Lord to hear the Sama sung by Brahma-child, lying in the navel- lotus.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

SlOkam 442:

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: This section known as Naadha paddhathi was created by Swamy Desikan to celebrate the Naadham emanting from the PaadhukAs , when they are of service to the Lord. Swamy Desikan hs composed this verse and three other verses about occasions , when the PaadhukAs stop generating the Naadham for special reasons. Swamy Desikan seems to consider that the generation of the naadham as well as its cessation are legitimate topics for inclusion in this section of Sri RanganAtha paadhukA sahasram . Here, Swamy Desikan says: " Oh PaadhukE !Oh Mother ! You seem to give the opportunity for Your Lord resting on AadhisEshA to hear the Saama Vedam recitation by His son BrahmA seated on the lotus arising out of the Lord's naabhi . It is for this purpose it appears that You have left The Lord's feet and are observing the vow of silence so that there is no distraction for Your Lord's enjoyment of the SaamA ghaanam .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam : The Lord has arrived at His sanctum . The dhivya paadhukais have transported Him there. This slOkam and the next two slOkams describe the mood at that time inside the sanctum.The Paadhukais have become still and it appears that they are facilitating the Lord to hear the Saama GhAnam from BrahmA .

(3) Sri ranganAthan has arrived at the sanctum and has ascended on His bed of AadisEshan ( Prabhu : paryankam aasrithavAn ). The Paadhukais have become silent after leaving the Lord's feet ( Paadham vihAya parikalpitha mouna mudhrA ). The PaadhukAs by keeping quiet seems to help the Lord listen to the Saama GhAnam performed by His son BrahmA resting on the bed of the lotus arising out of the Lord's navel ( Naabhi sarOja sayitha arbhaka SaamagIthim srOthum avasaram disasIva) …(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #443

443. BhOgAya dhEvi! BhavathI maNipAdharakshE! padhmAsahAyamaDhirOpya BhujangathalpE vishvasya gupthimaDhikruthya vihArahInA vAchamyamA kimapi chinthayathIva kAryam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! Having let the Lord sit on the couch of Adisesha for His pleasure, You reitre from movement and melody-singing. You perhaps cogitate on some move designed to deal with world-protection.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: When one has to execute major Projects , one has to concentrate and think about them . There should be no disturbance or distraction at these times. In this context , Swamy Desikan inquires whether the Lord's Paadhukais have become quiet suddenly to reflect on the serious matter of protecting the universe. Swamy Desikan says: " Oh Mother ! It appears that You have helped Sri RanganAthA and MahA Lakshmi ascend their bed of AadhisEshA and stopped Your movements thereafter . Adiyen wonders whether You have become silent to reflect on the ways to protect the universe and its citizens from any harm that might come to them .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! You help the Lord reach His bed at the aasthAnam and then become silent . Your silence suggests That You are deeply absorbed in thoughts about the Loka KshEmam.

(3) The concerns of the Paadhukais about the well being of the suffering people of the world ( Visvasya gupthim adhikruthya ) is reflected in its becoming silent after bringing the Lord to His bed of AadhisEshan ( PadhmA sahAyam Bhujanga TalpE bhOgAya adhirOpya ). The Paadhukais reflect on how to save the samsAris from their sufferings ( Visvasya gupthim adhikruthya kimapi kaaryam chinthayathee iva)…(V.S)

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Sloka #444

444. nithyapraBhODhasuBhagE puruShE parasmin nidhrAmupEyuShi thadhEkavihArashIlA manjusvanam vijahathI maNipAdhukE! thvam samvEshamicChasi param charaNAnthikasThA

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! The Lord enjoys a reputation of ever being awake. When the Lord observes a 'sleep' You, too, as one always observing like an activity with Him, observe silence, ceasing to emit music, perhaps to retire to sleep at His foot-side.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

SlOkam 444

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Oh PaadhukE! Your Lord is always awake to protect His devotees . This time , however , He is overcome by tiredeness and has decided to get a few winks of sleep. Recognizing the unusual nature of the situation , You are helping Him get His sleep by remaining silent at His Lotus feet and are waiting like a devoted wife for His awakening so that You can continue to serve Him thereafter. Standing motionless , You seem to want to have His rare period of sleep uninterrupted.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: PerumAl does not have sleep. His resting looks like His sleep. Oh PaadhukE ! You are used to follow whatever he does. Therefore , You are still. You cease Your movements and stay at the side of His Thiruvadi.

(3) The Jn~Anandha BhagavAn enjoys Yoga NidhrA on the lap of AadhisEshan ( Nithya PrabhOdha subhagE Parasmin PurushE nidhrAm upEyushi sathi). At that quiet time , the Paadhukais becomes quiet as well and stays put very near the lotus feet of its Lord ( manju svanam vijahathee Thvam CharaNa anthikasTA bhavathi). It appears that the Paadhukais wish to follow the example set by its Lord ( TadhEka VihAra seelA Thvam SamvEsam icchasi param )..(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #445

445. lAsyam vihAya kimapi sThithamAshrayanthI rangEshvarENa sahithA maNimaNdapEShu manjusvanEShu virathEShvapi vishvamEthath moUnEna hantha BhavathI muKharIkarOthi

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

(Oh Paaduka!) Having concluded the dance which is involved in the walks all along, the Lord Ranganatha-the Chief on the stage-has adhered to a stationing which has made You to remain silent. What if? Now the whole world talks of You and Your music.

(Recall that when actord and dancers stop their role in the stage, the audience cheers, claps and praises).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

SlOkam 445

(1) Sri UthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Oh PaadhukE ! After You transport Lord RanganAthA to the many bejewelled pavillions duirng His festival days , You let Him rest there so that His devotees can offer their homages and seek His blessings. You remain quiet on those occasions , while the auspicious sounds of the assembled devotees hailing " Jaya Sriman NaarAyaNa RangarAja " reach up to the sky. You stop Your movement and remain silent so that the devotees can raise their voices in praise of Your Lord.

(2) When AzhwAr ( Paadhukais) generates mangaLa naadham through the recitation of his ThiruvAimozhi ( the naadham arising from the movement of Paadhukais ) , the assembly of BhakthAs enjoying the beauty of Sri RanganAthan at His Uthsava mantapams are quiet . When AzhwAr becomes silent ( when the sanchAram of the Paadhukais stop ) , then the BhakthAs start their eulogies of the Lord .

(3) The Paadhukais transport the Lord to the gem studded halls during the various uthsavams . The Lord takes His seat . The Paadhukais become silent now (laasyam vihAya kimapi sTithim aasrayanthi ) . The devotees who were listening to the beautiful naadham from Paadhukais until then are enabled by the Paadhukais to come forth With beautiful eulogies of the Lord ( BhavathI mounEna yEthath Visvam mukharI karOthi)…(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #446

446. vismApithEva BhavathI maNipAdharakshE! vaIrOchanErvitharaNEna thaThAviDhEna ethAvathAlamathi dhEvi! gruhIthapAdhA nATham thrivikramamavArayathEva nAdhaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka Devi! When You were struck by surprise that unique elsewhere-unknown, level of generosity displayed by Mahabali (son of Virochana), You evidently clasped the Feet of Trivikrama, and pleaded with Him, "Sire, Enough is enough. Do not tease Him more". (Your melody had the effect.)

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

SlOkam 446

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukA Devi ! MahA Bali tormented the DevAs and demonstrated his propensities for evil deeds. Inspite of that , he gave away his kingdom liberally to the Lord , even when He was warned about the folly of such an act . It was clear that he did not place much emphasis on his powers or wealth . This was indeed a most commendable behavior on the part of the asuraa king , MahA Bali. At the time of Your Lord's transformation into Thrivikrama Roopam , You held fast to Your Lord's feet and begged Him through Your sweet sounds not to harm MahA Bali. Your Lord seems to have listened to Your compassionate appeal and contented Himself with the mere placing of His sacred feet on MahA Bali's head.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anuibhavam: This Paasuram relates to Swamy NammAzhwAr's ThiruvAimozhi Paasura passage dealing with MahA Bali: " Maavali moovadi thaa yenRa KaLvanE ".

(3) MahA Bali's capacity to give dhAnam amazes the Paadhukai ( VairOchanE: vitharaNaEna vismApithEva). When the Lord transforms from the dwarf ( Vaamana) form to the gigantic ThrivikramA form , the Paadhukais hold on firmly to the feet of the Lord ( Thrivikramam NaaTam gruhItha paadhA ) and asks Him through its sweet sounds to spare MahA Bali from additional punishments ( Naadhai: yEthAvathA alam ithi avArayathEva )…(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #447

447. sAmAni ranganrupathi: sarasam cha gItham lIlAgathEShu vinivArayathi svathanthra: shrOthum thava shruthisuKhAni vishEShavEdhI manjUni kAnchanapadhAvani! shinjithAni

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Gold-Paaduka! The discerning judge that Ranganatha is, He, with His independence, orders all Samagana and Vadyas to stop, so that he can-during His sportive walks-enjoy the sweet and ear-pleasing melodies from You.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Oh Golden PadhukE ! The all- knowing RanganAthA takes the liberty of ordering the cessation of Vedic recitation and the playing of musical instruments out of His hearty desire to hear Your melodious sounds during the return to His sanctum-sanctorium .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Lord RanganAthA enters His aasthAnam without Vedic recitation and VeeNA ghAnam . The ThiruvAimozhi recital however follows Him .

(3) Lord RanganAthan is independent and follows His wishes (Svatanthra : ). He has also a fine sense of relative worth of things ( VisEsha vEdhi). During the times of His playful sanchArams ( leelA- gathEshu) , He stops Saama ghAnams and sangItham from musical instruments so that He can listen with relish the sweet Naadham generated by His Paadhukais ( SaamAni sarasam ghItasccha vinivArayathi )…(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #448

448. thatthAdhrushIm praThayathA ruchirAm svarEKhAm varNADhikEna maDhusUdhanapAdharakshE! pashyanthi chitthanikaShE vinivEshya santhO manjusvanEna thava naIgamikam suvaRNam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Sadhus employing their heart as the touchstone, (rubbing against which they would rate gold) conclude that the sweet sound of Yourself, Oh Paaduka, leaves a streak of higher rating than the Gold (of Vedic fame; of the market place), that is the Lord.

(Azhwar's words are of higher value than the Lord in sweetness).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

SlOkam 448

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here Swamy Desikan states that the sweet sounds of the Lord's Paadhukais make the scholars in the audience remember many Vedic texts . He says : "Oh PaadhukE! When the scholars hear the sweet music created by the appropriate modulation of individual notes (svarAs) , they compare them in their minds with the various Vedic passages familiar to them . Their act appears to resemble the testing of Your melodious notes against the Vedic notes in the touch stone of their minds. ". The goldsmiths rub pure gold on a touch stone to check the quality of the gold that they are examining for purity.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The learned ones try to evaluate as to which One is superior over the other . They try to evaluate whether Your Naadham or the Vedha GhOsham is more delectable to the ears. They come to the conclusion that Your Naadham is the better of the two.

(3) Those with discriminating intellect try to assess like goldsmiths using touch stone(nikasham ) the relative merits of the Veda naatham and the PaadhukA naadham . These people with discriminating intellect (Santha : ) fully understand the differences between JeevAthma- ParamAthma Svaroopam. They conclude that the delectable naadham ( Manju Svanam ) of the Padhukais are sweeter than the Vedha naadham … (V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #449

449. mugDhasya hantha BhavathIm sthuvathO mamaIthA nyAkarNya nUnamayaThAyaThajalpithAni itTham vadha thvamithi shikshayithum praNAdhAn manjUnudhIrayasi mADhavapAdhukE! thvam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The artless person that I am, composed these works in a disarranged manner which, You heard and felt worthwhile to applaud and correct, here and there, by saying "Do it in this manner",-which actually is the sound coming from You.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! Just as You make the Vedic scholars think about Vedic passages as a result of listening to Your naadham , You seem to instruct me on how to improve my feeble but well-meant attempt to praise You through this effort of mine". Here , Swamy Desikan points out humbly that he is not qualified to engage in composing the verses in praise of the magnificient glory of the PaadhukAs and yet he persists because of his intense desire to offer homage to Them. He says that the Naadham emanating from the PaadhukA appears like helpful instructions on how to construct the verses without any mistakes.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! Listening to Your dhivya Naadham , it appears that you hear my sthOthram full of errors and then say "do it this way , do n't do it this way" and instruct me about corrections that need to be made. The inner meaning is that any one , who recites ThiruvAimozhi with full knowledge of the meanings of the paasurams will gain understanding of how one should reflect on the Lord and how one should praise him .

(3) Oh PaadhukE ! You hear this fool's prattlings about Your glories ( BhavathIm sthuvatha: mugdhasya mama yEthAni ayaTAyaTa jalpithAni aakarNya ) and correct me with Your sweet naadham by pointing out : " Please do not do this way , but do this way ".

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #450

450. AdhoU sahasramithi yathsahasA mayOktham thuShtUShathA niravaDhim mahimArNavam thE AmrEdyasyaTha kimEthadhamruShyamANA manjusvanEna maDhujinmaNipAdhukE! thvam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Or, do You, on hearing me make an abrupt and unthinking announcement about a decision to compose a thousan verses in praise of the vast ocean of Your greatness, feel that my claim was ambitious, that You could not bear it, and so ask me curiously, "Did You say a thousand?", using Your sweet melodious Nada?

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Swamy Desikan points out here that the paadhukAs welcome his efforts to compose the thousand verses and augment them many fold with its own sweet naadham. He says: " Oh MadhusUdhana PadhukE ! You have indeed expanded my efforts to praise Your limitless glories with a mere thousand verses. You have blended Your sweet sounds with my verses and have multiplied them into many thousands. It is also Your intent , it seems to make my one thousand verses into many thousands through the elaborate annotations and references that You have added through the insertion of Your sweet Naadham.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PadhukE ! One of the Sri VaishNavAs Challenged me to compose 1,000 slOkams . adiyEn chose to compose thousand Verses on You. The challenger elected to compose thousand verses on Your Lord's Thiruvadi . adiyEn should not have said that I will compose a thousand Since Your glories can not be contained by a mere thousand . You are helping Me amplify them with your sweet sounds.

(3) Oh paadhukE ! at the beginning of this contest (aadhou) , I was desirous of praising Your limitless glories ( niravadhim thE mahima arNavam thushtUshathA mayaa). I said quickly that I will compose thousand verses( sahasA sahasramithi yath uktham ). You could not brook this rash pledge and decided then to assist me to multiply the eulogies …(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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