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Sri:
Srimathe ramanujaya namah:
Srimathe nigamantha maha desikaya namah:
Goto

Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #14: On the melody of Paaduka walking

Naadha Paddhathi





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Sloka #451

451. parimithaparibarham pAdhukE! sanchariShNoU thvayi vinihithapAdhE lIlayA ranganAThE niyamayathi vipanchIm nithyamEkAnthasEvI nishamayithumudhArAnnAradhasthE ninAdhAn

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! When the Lord wears You and enjoys a private leisurely walk with a limited degree of paraphernalia, Sage Narada, given to a proximate worship, stops his Veena-playing to enjoy the more sweet and majestic melody that You generate.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

SlOkam 451

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Here, Swamy Desikan states that the naadham generated by the PaadhukAs is superior to the naadham arising out of the VeeNA of Sage Naaradhar. He says: " Oh PaadhukE ! Your Lord offers His exclusive audience to sages like Naaradhar. On those occasions , He sends away His retinue and servants and moves around in novel and delightful steps . The extraordinary music generated by You from such exquisite movements of the Lord for the pleasure of Naaradhar makes latter stop the playing on his VeeNA and listen to You . Sage Naaradhar feasts His eyes on the Lord and fills his ears with Your incomparable music .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam : The inner meaning is that the Deva Rishis like Naradhar celebrate AzhwAr Sookthis . As a mark of respect , Sage Naaradhar Stops playing His VeeNaa once he hears the sweet naadham arising from the Paddhukais as they transport the Lord during His sanchArams. in deference to the sacredness of Swamy NammAzhwAr's Sri Sookthis .

(3) Sage Naaradhar has the privelege of the yEkAntha sEvai of the Lord (yEkAntha sEvee Naaradha : ) . The Lord carried by the dhivya Paadhukais Is moving about on His sanchAram and is listening to the sweet sounds genarated by the Padhukais during its kaimkaryam . Sage Naaradhar Stops playing his veeNai out of his desire to enjoy the sweet sounds of the Paadhukais ( udhArAn thE ninAdAn nisamayithum vipanchIm niyamayithi) ..(V.S)

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Sloka #452

452. viharathi vishiKhAyAm ranganAThE salilam gamanavashavilOlaIgarBharathnaI: kvaNanthyA: maNivalayaninAdhaIrmanjuLaIsthE dhishanthi prathivachanamudhAram pAdhukE! poUranArya:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! As the Lord walks sportively through the streets, the ladies with their gem-studded bangles, respond to You with a pleasing sound. These sounds are perhaps their response to Your melody, in an equally sweet and majestic tone, (to say "we are coming!"), in reply to Your invitation, "Come on, worship the Lord!"

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here, Swamy Desikan compares the Naadham raised by the PaadhukAs to those raised by the bangles of the ladies of Srirangam and explains their connections. When the ladies hear the Naadham of the Paadhukais , they rush out of their houses. At that time , their bangles with precious stones collide with one another and generate a nadham , which appears like the response of the ladies to PaadhukA Naadham. Swamy says: " Oh PaadhukE! When Lord RanganAthA moves in his unique manner around the streets of Srirangam on Your back, the gems inside Your toehold collide against one another and raise a sweet sound. The ladies of the City greet that Naadham announcing Your arrival with their own nadham generated by the collision of their bangles as they rush out of their houses to greet You and Your Lord.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The ladies of Srirangam have gem-studded bangles on their wrists . When Your Lord travels on their streets ,they rush to hear the Naadham generated by Your sanchAram and respond to that Naadham with the sounds generated by the collision of the bangles on their wrists.

(3)Oh PaadhukE! Lord comes playfully and struts out on the streets of Srirangam on top of the Paadhukais(VisikhAyAm saleelam viharathi). Your movements under the control of the various steps that Your Lord takes ( gamana Vasa:). The gems inside Your toeholds move and collide with each other and makes a melodious naadham ( Gamana vasa vilOlai: Garbha rathnai: kvaNanthyA: tE manjuLai: ninAdhai:). The answer (prathivachanam) for that sweet naadham comes from the bangles of the ladies of Srirangam ( ManjuLai: maNivaLaya ninAdhai: prathivachanam disanthi) as they rush from the interior of the houses to the front to offer their worship to You and Your Lord...(V.S).

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Sloka #453

453. anukruthasavanIyasthOthrashasthrAm ninAdhaI: anugathanigamAm thvAmAsThithO ranganATha: anitharavibhuDhArham havyamAsvAdhayiShyan vishathi charaNarakshE! yajnavAtam dhvijAnAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The Lord wearing You enters the yagashala, with Your melodious sound taking the role of stotra and sastra for the Homa, the Havis of which is meant for none else except Him. There He partakes of teh Havis standing on You, that are like the very Veda.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Special Notes by V.Satakopan (V.S):

(1) Sri UthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! When Lord RanganAtha enters the Yaaga Saalaa to recieve the offerings of those performing Yaagams , He is followed by the Vedaas.You transport the Lord on Your back to these sites. The Naadham arising from You on these occasions sounds like eulogies (sthOthrAs) and attribute descriptions (SasthrAs) associated with the three savanaas(Rite of Soma Juice squeezing) prescribed for Dawn, Noon and Evening ".

Soma YaagAs are performed with the offering of SomA Juice pressed from the SomA plant to the accompaniment of Saama ghAnam (SthOthrams); the recitation of Sasthra Manthrams (straight forward recitation of Veda mnathrAs without singing as in the case of Saama ghAnam ) is performed by the Hothru priests.Both SthOthrAs and SasthrAs are recited by the two classes of priests.Both SthOthrAs and SasthrAs announce as to whom the Havis is being offered. Swamy Desikan says that the Naadham generated by the PaadhukAs are like the SthOthram and Sasthram recitations heard during the Savana ceremony at Lord's Yaaga Saalai.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The great Vedic scholars perform Yaj~nam recognizing that Your Lord is the Supreme One and they offer exclusively Havis for Him. Your Lord arrives at their Yaaga SaalAs wearing You to recieve that Havis. The Naadham generated by You at those times of travel remind one of Veda Manthrams ( SthOthrams and Sasthrams) praising the Lord's anantha kalyANa GuNams.

(3) Oh PadhukE! The VedhAs are at Your Thiruvadi(anugatha nigamAm) , while they prostrate before Your Lord. With this Vedha Sambhandham , You transport Your Lord to the Yaaga Saalais to recieve the Havis exclusively intended for Him ( anithara vibhudhArhAm Havyam aasvAdhayishyan RanganAtha:). The Naadham generated by You during those times of travel remind us of the Savaneeya Veda Manthrams (SthOthram of Saama Vedam and the Sasthram of the other Vedams)...(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #454

454. charaNakamalamEthadhranganAThasya nithyam sharaNamithi janAnAm dharshayanthI yaThAvath prathipadhamapi hrudhyam pAdhukE! svAdhuBhAvA dhanuvadhathi param thE nAdhamAmnAyapankthi

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The Veda sequence (that is recited behind the Lord) is only a mere repetition of the fascinating sound of Yours, at every step too; the thrust of the Veda is to impress upon all people that these Lotus Feet of the Lord are the sure refuge at all times. You too say that only.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Special Nots by V.SatakOpan (V.S):

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaahdukA ! VedAs follow the Lord and serve as accompaniments to the Naadham generated by You. During Your travel with the Lord , Your Naadham instructs the people that the Lord's lotus feet are the only source for their protection and salvation. VedAs endorse Your lofty message at each step of their journey as they follow You and Your Lord.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: VedAs follow Your Naadham to instruct us that the Lord's sacred feet alone protect all the worlds.The inner meaning is that Swamy NammAzhwAr's ThiruvAimozhi instructs us that the Lord's Thiruvadi protects all the worlds.

(3)The rows of VedAs ( AamnAya Pankthi:) instruct us that the Lord's CharaNa Kamalam protects all chEthanams ( RanganATasya CharaNa Kamalam janAnAm nithyam SaraNam ithi darsayanthi). As He makes every step during His SanchAram on Your back, You generate the sweet Naadham that broadcasts that Vedic message( Prathipadham api Hrudhyam tE Naadham svAdhu0bhAvAth anuvadathi)..(V.S).

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Sloka #455

455. rahithaBhujagathalpE thvathsanAThE prajAnAm prathiBhayashamanAya prasThithE ranganAThE praThamudhayamAna: pAdhukE! thUryaGhOShAth prathiphalathi ninAdha: pAnchajanyE thvadhIya:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! As the Lord leaves His Adisesha couch on a mission of removing the devotees' fear (that is, their foe), the Sankhanada is the first heralding sound (followed by drums and trumpets), which is merely the echo as it were of Your Nada.

(Sankha is Pranava-shaped and its resounding tune is Pranava; no wonder it is the echo the Veda nada of the Paaduka).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! When RanganAtha leaves His bed of Aadhi SeshA and travels with You to protect His devotees , Your Naadham arrives first. The sounds of other musical instruments are heard next. RanganAthA's conch (Paanchajanyam) follows and amplifies Your Naadham first and of the other instruments next in that order.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! The Lord leaves His comfortable bed of AdhisEsahn , adorns His Paadhukai to comfort His distressed devotees . The Lord descends down the Western steps of His aasthAnam and turns north with the sound of sweet naadham of the Paadhukais.The mangaLa Vaadhyams start next and echo the Naadham geenrated by the Paadhukais.

(3) Lord RanganAthan leaves His bed of AadhisEshan and travels with His paadhukAs to remove the fear of His BhakthAs ( RanganAtha: Bhujaga talpam (thyakthvA) prajAnAm prathi-bhaya samanAya prasTithE sathi). At that time, the sweet Naadham of the Paadhukais arise first ( TvadhIya ninAdha: PraTamam udhayamAna:). The sounds of the MangaLa Vaadhyams (ThUrya GhOsha:)arise as the echo ( prathiphalathi) of the sweet Naadham generated by the PaadhukA Naadham..(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #456

456. vakuLaDharathanusthvam samhithAm yAmapashya: shruthipariShadhi thasyA: sOuraBham yOjayanthi haricharaNasarOjAmOdhasammOdhithAyA: prathipadharamaNIyA: pAdhukE! thE ninAdhA:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! You were already gladly fragrant with contact of the lotus Feet of the Lord. The sound that You produce at every step appears to merge the flavour of the works (of Nammazhwar) which Dramida Veda You Yourself 'saw and revealed' once early, with the Veda now.

Padhuka=Satakopa='Dramidopanishat-drashta'.

(The Vedas, both in Sanskrit and Tamil, merge in the Feet of the Lord- meaning, thereby, that the ultimate is the Lord,t hat He is the subject of all Vedic knowledge).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Special Notes by V.SatakOpan (V.S):

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! You have taken the form of Swamy NammAzhwAr on earth and blessed the world with ThiruvAimozhi , which has the fragrance of the Lord's feet since You are adorning those feet always. The Naadham generated by You during Your travel with the Lord incorporates the fragrance of ThiruvAimozhi on the VedAs,which follow You both.This way , the meaning of th Veda manthrams are rendered clearer . Tthe Vedas recieve help in this manner from You.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! when one hears Your Naadham , it is clear that the Vedhaas repeat the upadEsam of Yours that the Lord is the Sarva Jagath KaaraNan and Sarva Loka Rakshakan.

(3) Swamy Desikan salutes the Paadhukais as the form of Swamy NammAzhwAr ( VaguLadhara tanu: Thvam).During every step , those Paadhukais generate delectable Naadham ( Prathipadham RamaNIyA: ninAdhA: tE). Those Paadhukais have the fragrance of the Lotus Feet of the Lord ( Hari CharaNa SarOja sammOdhithAyA: tE prathipadham). They evoke the fragrance of Vedams , whose meanings are incorporated in the ThiruvAimozhi Samhithai and the naadham emanating from their movement join the assembly of the VedhAs to bless them with a divine vaasanai(Sourabham)..(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #457

457. dhanuthanayanihanthurjaIthrayAthrAnukUlE sharadhupagamakAlE sahyajAmApathanthi shruthimaDhuramudhAram shikshithum thE ninAdham parihruthanijavAsA: pAdhukE! rAjahamsAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The autumn suitable for the Lord's victory march has set in. The royal swans migrate to the Kaveri-bed, leaving their own homes, in order to learn from You the secret of the sweetness and majesty of sound that You alone generate.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Here , Swamy Desikan points out that the PaadhukAs have many sishyAs like eminent sages. He says: " Oh PaadhukE! When RanganAthA starts on His journey in the autumn season to destroy the enemies of the DevAs , He travels on Your back. The Naadham raised by the gems inside You attract many king swans residing in the Lake Maanasa saras.They leave their traditional home and flock to Your side to recieve instructions from You on VedAnthA dealing with the glory of the lotus feet of Your Lord.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Swamy Desikan visualizes the arrival of the King Swans from their traditional homes in Lake ManasarOvar in HimAlayAs and arrive at the sand banks of CauvEri river to learn about and practise the deep doctrines embedded in ThiruvAimozhi by listening to Your dhivya Naadham at Srirangam.

(3) The time is Sarath Kaalam (autumn), which is a Saathvika Kaalam unlike the VarshA Kaalam ( Rainy season that preceded it). The Lord adorns His Paadhukais and leaves His aasthAnam to destroy the evil forces (Dhanu Tanaya nihanthu: jaithra YaathrA).You generate the sweet Vedic sounds as You transport Your Lord ( Sruthi madhuram udhAram tE ninAdham) on that Vijaya YaathrA.The raaja hmasams (the great sanyAsis/AchAryAs) leave their wonted abodes and travel to Srirangam to be near You to learn the maessage from those sacred Naadham of Yours..(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #458

458. viharaNasamayEShu prathyaham rangaBharthu: charaNanaKhamayUKhaI: sOttharIyA vishuDdhaI: pariNamayasi nAdha pAdhukE! garBharathnaI: dhamayithumiva shiShyAn dhIrGhakArAjahamsAn

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! During the wanon wandering of the Lord every day to the gardens, You appear to wear an upper garment (slantingly in the left shoulder) of the white halo emitted by the nails of the Lord's Feet; impart instruction to the royal swans and tender strict advice- all with the sounds the inlaid gems produce.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Oh PaadhukE! During Your daily travels with RanganAthA in the flower gardens , You are wearing the dazzling white effulgence of His toe nails on the upper portion of Your body. That effulgence appears like the white upper garment worn by the AchAryAs , when they give instructions on VedAs and VedAnthA. Your disciples, the King Swans residing in the lakes of the flower gardens recieve Your lessons conveyed through Your Naadham raised by the gems inside You.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The Lord's nails on His toes have a divine lustre that is reflected by the Paadhukais . That makes the Paadhukais look like a strict AchAryan wearing a white upper garment(uttharIyam) instructing and correcting his sishyans (the Raaja Hamsams) that have assembled before him . Allusion is to Swamy NammAzhvAr's strict upadEsams to us not to committ apachArams .

(3) The comparison of the Paadhukai resplendent with the effulgence of the Lord's white nails to an AchAryan wearing white upper garment is evocative ( Rangabharthu: Visuddhai: charaNa nakha mayUkai: sOttharIyA ). What does that stern looking AchAryA do ? He corrects the mistakes and the misunderstandings of His sishyans (SishyAn dhIrgikA RaajahamsAn damayithum iva). The sound of the Naadham emanating from the gems inside the toe holds create that impression( SishyAN raaja hamsAn garbha rathnai: Naadham pariNamayathi)..(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #459

459. pariShadhi virathAyAm pAdhukE! rangaBharthu: parijanamapavArya prasThithasyAvarODhAn maNinikarasamudhyanmanjunAdhApadhEshA dhaBhilapasi yaThArham nUnamAlOkashabdham

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The audience is over. The attendants have given a go-by; the Lord enters tge harem; the gems in You generate the appropriate formality of announcing 'Jaya Vijayeebhava!' with their sweet voice!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Sri UtthamUr Sawmy's anubhavam : Oh PaadhukE! when RanganAthA returns to His inner chambers at the end of the day's travels to rejoin His Devis , You help Him through Your Naadham to render the AalOka Sabdha service ". AalOka Sabdha service consists of the uttereances to guide the way of the Lord. "Jaya Vijayee Bhava! Swamy Lok, ParAk " are some of the AalOka Sabdhas used during the travel of the Lord to avoid any jolts to Him.

(2) AalOka Sabdham is Jaya Sabdham (Swami Yethsarikai et al). The Naadham generated during the return of the Lord to His inner chambers after the conclusion of the Sadas appear like AalOka sabdham.

(3) The Sabhai where RanganAthan presides is over. He is ready to rush to His devi's side at the inner chambers .The Paadhukais sense the urgency of its Lord and during its transport of the Lord raises AalOka sabdham so that the ride is smooth without any jolts ( PaadhukE! thvam manju naadha upadEsAth yaTArham aalOka sabdham abhilabhasi)..(V.S)

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Sloka #460

460. gurujananiyatham thadh gOpikAnAm sahasram dhinakarathanayAyA: saIkathE dhivyagopa: vashamanayadhayathnAdhvamshanAdhAnuyAthaI- sthava Khalu padharakshE! thAdhrushaIrmanjunAdhaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! It was by Your sweet Nada, though combined with His own flute too, that the Divine Protector in the form of a cowherd, easliy seduced a thousand gopa damsels away from their parental control, on the sand dunes of the Yamuna river!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here , Swamy Desikan explains that it was the PaadhukA Naadham blended with KrishNA's VeNu GhAnam that captivated the hearts of Gopis on the sand banks of YamunA river. It was not the VeNu GhAnam alone that won over the Gopis' hearts.Swamy Desikan says: " Oh PaadhukE! Krishna, the cowherd played on His flute and thousands of Gopis followed Him to the sand banks of Yamuna river even when they were instructed by their fathers and brothers not to do so.It is the Naadham arising from You that intoxicated the Gopis and made them follow the VeNu Naadham. Your Naadham entered the flute and emerged as the music generated by Your Lord to attract the Gopis effortlessly.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! Until the age of Seven,Lord was at the dhivya dEsam of ThiruvAipAdi during His KrishNAvathAram. He played the divine flute, while traveling to the sand dunes of YamunA river on Your back . The Gopis flocked to His side attracted by His Dhivya GhAnam and Your Madhura Naadham.

(3) The Gopis were overpowered by the combination of the Madhura Naadhams of the flute of the Lord and those generated by the Paadhukais , which transport Him to the banks of YamunA river. The Gopis cast aside the objections of the eleders and travelled to be with Your Lord.They came by the thousands to enjoy these two madhura naadhams. The elders wanted to control the young Gopis so that they will stay home ( Guru jana niyatham tath gOpikAnAm). The Dhivya Gopan ( Lord KrishNan , the divine cowherd) was at the banks of the YamunA river ( Dhivya Gopa: Dinakara TanayAyA: saikathE ) playing His divine flute.The nectarine Naadham was mingling with the delectable naadham generated by the Paadhukais as He kept TaaLam ( VamsanAdha anuyAthai: Tava Manju Naadhai:) . What was the result? The Gopis were effortlessly overcome with a sense of bliss listening to the two Naadhams enriching each other ( Manju Naadhai: ayathnAth Dhivya Gopa: vasam anayath)..(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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