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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #15: Gems as a totality-Distan view

Rathna Saamaanya Paddhathi





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Sloka #491

491. nAThasya dhatthE nadharAjakanyA pAthum shuBhAn pAdhanaKhEndhurashmIn maNipraBhABhi: prathipannapakshAm lIlAchakOrImiva pAdhukE! thvAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! As Mahalakshmi presents You to the Lord's Feet for wearing on His rounds, it looks as though she presents the pet proverbial Chakora (a partridge species) so eager to devour the moon's rays that it takes dazzling rays from the Lord's foot-nails for, You look like the bird with the gem-rays on either side creating an impression that they were wings of a bird.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 491:

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh RanganAtha paadhukE! The Thiruvadi nails of Your Lord are like the delightful rays of the Moon. You are surrounded by the rays of the gems adorning You. The rays from Your gems hover over You like the winged ChakravAkA birds , which feed only on Moon's rays . When Sriranga Naayaki, the daughter of the oceans , takes You in Her hands to unite You with Her Lord's lotus feet , it appears like the feeding of the Moon's rays ( the Kaanthi from the Lord's nails ) by the ChakravAkA birds.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that ThAyAr's anugraham alone blesses a jeevan to have the bhAgyam of the dhyAnam on the Lord's sacred feet.

3) Maha Lakshmi , the daughter of SamudrarAjan ( NadharAja Kanyaa) unites the Paadhukais of Her Lord with His sacred feet . Her Lord's toe nails have the cool lustre of the beams of Moon (paadha nakha Indhu rasmi). These moon beam like lustre on both sides of the Padhukais look like the two wings (MaNi prabhAbhi: prathipanna PakshAm ) of playful ChakOra Pakshi (Leelaa ChakOramiva) , which wants to feast on the moon beams (RasmIn paathum). The compassionate MahA Lakshmi appears like helping the ChakOra Pakshis feed on their natural food , the Moon beams , through the act of union of Paadhukais with Her Lord's Thiruvadi….(V.S)

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Sloka #492

492. janasya rangEshvarapAdhukE! thvam jAthAnukampA janayasyayathnAth AkrruShya dhUrAnmaNirashmijAlaIrananyalakshyANi vilOchanAni

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! By Your overflowing mercy, You draw the eyes of the lookers-on, casting Your nets of arrays of rays emitted by the gems on You, that too from quite a distance, thereby the people are made unable to look at anything else except You!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 492:

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh Ranganatha PaadhukE ! with compassion, You seem to use the net made up of the assembly of lustrous rays from the gems on You to draw the eyes of people at a great distances and effortlessly make their eyes look at the Lord's feet and nothing else.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Swamy NammAzhwAr has taken enormous effort to make it easy for chethanams to think about the Lord. The inner meaning here is that the person who is blessed to comprehend the true meanings of ThiruvAimozhi Paasurams through AchArya anugraham and upadEsam will always meditate on PerumAl and Swamy NammAzhwAr.

3) The gems on the Paadhukais create an assembly of bright rays (MaNi Rasmi jaalam ) that looks like a rope that pulls the eyes of the on-lookers ( Janasya vilOchanAni aakrushya ) effortlessly from a great distance (ayathnAth dhUrAth aakrushya ). Out of DayA , the PaadhukAs makes this happen and further makes those eyes rivetted to the Lord's dhivya mangaLa vigraham ( ayathnAth dhUrAth aakrushya , janasya vilOchanAni ananyalakshyANi janayasi).. (V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #493

493. rangEshapAdhAvani! thAvakInaI: spruShTA: kadhAchinmaNirashmipAshaI: kAlasya GhOram na Bhajanthi BhUya: kArAgruhAnthEShu kashABhiGhAtham

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Those who have once been subjected to the nooses of gem- rays from You even once, have never thereafter the likelihood of suffering the cruel whippings in the prison corners of Yama's kingdom.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokma 493:

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh RanganAtha PaadhukE! The rays emanating from the gems adorning You are like the strands of rope constituting a whip. Those strands of rope of the whip do not however hurt any one on contact. When they fall on a human being , they free the fortunate human being from the harsh whip lashes of the servants of Yama Dharman in the prisons of the nether world.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that any one who comprehends the deep meanings of ThriuvAimozhi Paasurams even once would end up observing Bhakthi Yogam or Prapathti Yogam , which results the bhAgyam of residence in Parama Padham to enjoy ParipoorNa BrahmAnandham . They never end up in narakam .

3) Oh PaadhukE ! Those who have been fortunate to be touched by Your assembly (rope) of rays emanating from the gems on You even once (TaavakInai: maNi rasmi paasai: kadhAchith sprushtA) would never be incarcerated in the terrifying prisons of Narakam and receive their the punishment of whip lashes ( thAvakeenai: maNi rasmi paasai: kadhAchith sprushtA: janA : , bhUya: ghOram Kaalasya kaarAgruha anthEshu kasa abhidhAtham na bhajanthi)..(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #494

494. rathnAni rangEshvarapAdharakshE thvadhAshrithAnyaprathiGhaIrmayUKhaI: AsEdhuShINAm shruthisundharINAm vithanvathE varNanichOLalakshmIm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Ranganatha Paaduka! The gems on You cast uninterrupted radiations on the Veda-damsels, as a result of which their blouses acquire a many-coloured dazzle.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 494:

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukAs of Lord RanganAthA ! The gems adorning You generate rays that fall on the ladies standing close to the Lord's lotus feet.; those ladies are none other than the VedAs singing the praise of Your Lord. The rays originating from Your many gems take on the form of multi-colored blouses worn by the VedAs sporting as ladies.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that the paasurams of Swamy NammAzhwAr honor the Vedams and make them glorious just as covering the ladies with new and beautiful garments .

3) The gems decorating the Paadhukais have uninterrupted flow of lustre (ThvadhAsrithAni rathnAni aprathigai: mayUkhai:) and glorify those near them ( LakshmIm vithanvathE). Who is standing near the Thiruvadi of the Lord to receive this benefit ? Vedaas are always standing near the sacred feet of the Lord and are eulogizing Him . They are like the ladies performing kaimkaryam to their Lord ( aasEdhushINAm Sruthi SundarINAm ) and they are covered with the multi- colored rays of the gems and that looks like the covering of the ladies with a multi-hued upper garment/ravikkai ..(V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #495

495. nidhrArasapraNayinO maNipAdharakshE! rangEshvarasya saviDham prathipadhyamAnA shayyAPhaNIndhramaBhithO BhavathI viDhatthE rathnAmshuBhiryavanikAmiva darshanIyAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! The Lord Ranganatha is about to proceed to sleep. You are stationed nearby. You then spread a curtain of gem-rays on all sides of the couch.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 495:

1)UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh RanganAtha PaadhukE ! When Your Lord is enjoying the bliss of sleep, You stand close to Him and spread the rays from Your gems on all the four sides of His serpent bed. The spreading rays from You seem to serve as a beautiful curtain around His bed .

2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that PerumAL thinks about the deep meanings of the different paasurams of ThiruvAimozhi and enjoys immense happiness during His Yoga NidhrA .

3)Sri RanganAthan is fond of His Yoga Nidhrai (nidhrA rasa praNayina: RangEswara:). The Paadhukais are near the Lord's bed ( RangEsvarasya Savidham prathipadhyamAnA Bhavathi) of Aadhi Seshan( sayyA paNindhran). The sprading rays of lustre (Rathna amsu : ) give the impression of a beautiful curtain (darsaneeyam YavanikA ) around the Lord's bed (V. S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #496

496. sadhyasthbhadhudhgrahadashAnamithAkruthInAm srasthAmshukam nijaruchA maNipAdhukE! thvam padhmAsahAyaparivAravilAsinInAm pattAmshukaIriva payODharamAvruNOShi

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! At dawn the lady attendants hurriedly bend to take You and present You to the Lord's Feet for wearing. Their breasts gets a little exposed bare, when the rays emitted by You produce a fine silken cover for their breasts!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 496:

1) UtthamUr Swami's anubhavam: Here, Swami Desikan describes the help that the rays of the gems of PaadhukAs provide to the lady servants of MahA Lakshmi, when they hasten to bring the PaadhukAs to the Lord at the behest of their Mistress. Swami says : " Oh PaadhukE ! when the servants of MahA Lakshmi bend to lift You over to give to their Mistress to unite You to Her Lord's feet, their upper garments slip. The rays of the gems adorning You recognize the delicacy of the moment and spread to cover their breasts like a new silk garment .

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that the devotees of the Lord some times get confused and agitated over the Tathva Thrayam. Contemplation on Swamy NammAzhwAr's Sri Sookthis banishes the agitations of their minds and restore them to erstwhile tranquil states.

3) The paadhukais of the Lord have their unique radiance from the many splenderous gems adoring their external surface ( nijaruchA Thvath). The servants of Sri Ranganayaki are eager to lift the Paadhukais in their hands to give it to their Mistress so She can unite Them to Her Lord's Thiruvadis. During that hasty moment, when they vie with each other to lift the noble Paadhukais and bend, their upper garments slip (Tvath Udhgraha dasA namitha aakruthInAm PadhmA- SahAya parivaara vilAsinInAm srastha amsukam); As a result , their breasts get exposed ( srastha amsukam payOdharam) The ever- compassionate Paadhukai comes to their rescue during these sensitive moments and covers their upper portions of the bodies with its spreading rays originating from the gems as if it is covering them with silken garments (payOdharam paDDAmsukai: aavruNOshiva) and honoring them for their kaimkaryams..(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #497

497. dhEvasya rangavasathE: puratha: pravruthaI- ruDdhUthavishvathimirAm maNirashmijAlaI: manyE madhIyahrudhayAyathanapravEsha- mangaLyadhIpakaNikAm maNipAdhukE! thvam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! You are placed before the Lord and spread all-round lustre of radiations that would dispel darkness all around. I would think of You as an auspicious lamp to precede the Lord for His entry into my heart-space.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 497:

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh Gem-bedecked PaadhukE! I consider the lustrous rays spreading from Your multicolored gems in front of Your Lord as the light that removes the inner and outter darkness. Hence, I would like to invite You to enter my heart so that Your rays can serve as the lamp to welcome Your Lord's entrance there. Swamy says: " It is customary to light a lamp before the Lord's arrival as a sign of auspicious welcome. When You accompany Your Lord , Your gems and their rays come with You and drive the darkness of ignorance pervading my heart ."

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that the kaalakshEpam of Swamy NammAzhwAr's ThiruvAimozhi from a MahAn will wipe way all the blemishes from one's mind. At that time, The Lord with His Devi will take His seat in their heart lotuses.

3) PaadhukA's splendid lustre is seen in front of Sri RanganAthan ( Devasya puratha: pravrutthai: maNi Jaalam ). Those spreading rays removes the ajn~Anam of the people of the world ( rasmi jaalai: uddhUtha visva timirAm ThvAm ) . What is the end result ? The Lord enters anew the little space of my heart lotus (madheeya Hrudhaya aayatana pravEsa MangaLya dhIpa KaNikAm manyE). The space is narrow. Your Lord squeezes Himself in that tight space and shines there as a small lamp (antharyAmi Brahmam ) with unparalleled lustre..(V.S).

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Sloka #498

498. AkIrNarathnanikarAm maNipAdhukE! thvAm rangEshvarasya lalithAm vipaNim prathIma: yathsamshrayENa Bhavathi sThiraBhakthimUlyam kaIvalyamathra jagathAm krayavikrayArham

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! You have gems of a wide variety spread on Your surface which now acquires the reputation of being Lord Ranganatha's market-place, whereat anyone having flawless and firm Bhakti for You can purchase or sell away the Moksha world quite easily.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokma 498:

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh Ranganatha PaadhukE! We consider You with Your multitude of gems as the precious market street of Lord RanganathA, the Merchant . Use of the currency of devotion (Bhakthi) helps to see the gem-bedecked PaadhukAs , which in turn leads to the growth of parama bhakthi, which is equivalent to the growth of currency. The newly acquired expanded wealth is given to Ranganatha, the merchant to purchase Moksham from Him for oneself.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! I equate You adorned with so many radiant gems as the market place set up by Your Lord. People buy and sell Moksham that is to be attained after strenous effort of dhyAnam about Your Lord. PerumAl commanded AzhwAr to incarnate in this world . The reason for that command of the Lord is to bless bhakthAs to attain Moksha Siddhi through aasrayaNam of Swamy NammAzhwAr and following His upadEsam about the UpAyam and UpEyam for breaking the bonds of samsaaric afflictions.

3) The Paadhukais of the Lord are full of spreading radiance from the assembly of gems decorating them ( aakIrNa rathna nikarAm ThvAm ). That sight is like Lord RanganAthA's market street ( ThvAm RanganAthasya laLithAm vipaNim Pratheema :). Those , who seek You as succour in this world itself acquire sthira Bhakthi ( Yath samsrayENa athra jagathAm sthira bhakthi) and become qualified to buy and sell Moksham ( jagathAm sthira bhakthi moolyam kaivalyam kraya-vikrayArham bhavathi )..(V.S)

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #499

499. vyakthum kshamam BhagavathO jagadhIshvarathvam vajrAnkushaDhvajasarOruhachakrachinham AshliShya nirBhararuchim maNipAdhukE!thvAm AsIdhanABharaNasundharamanGripadhmam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! That the Lord is the Superlord of all worlds is borne out by the nether surface of His feet bearing the marks of Vajra- ayudha, Ankusa, Flag, Lotus, and Chakra. He does not require any ornament befitting Him at the feet. Because You adorn those feet and cast a superb lustre!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 499:

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh Ranganatha PaadhukE! Your Lord is the emperor of all the universes. He wears vajraa weapon , goad , flag, lotus, disc and conch as symbols of His Emperorship on the palms of His feet. Those decorations are cast aside by Him out of His passion for You, when He embraces You tightly with His feet. He is freed from His traditional symbols, when He gets united with You. All these symbols take the form of lines, when He is united with You .

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! Your Lord displays the symbols of Sarva Loka YajamAnathvam through the many rekhAs that He adorns on the soul of His feet. When You as MaNi Paadhukai join the Lord's Thiruvadi, no other aabharanams or symbols are needed for His beautification. The inner meaning is that the Lord considers His bhakthAs as His aabharaNams. There is no one matching Swamy NammAzhwAr in Bahgavath Bhakthi. When Swamy NammazhwAr is engaged in the adoration of the Lord , He does not relish anyone else .

3) Our Lord is JagadhIsvaran. Hence He displays many chihnams on His limbs including His sacred Thiruvadi. Those lotus soft feet Thiruvadi is now adorning the Paadhukais with sampoorNa Kaanthi ( nirbahara ruchim thvAm aaslishya). Immediately some thing becomes clear. He becomes anAbharana Sundaran.(beautiful One without any aabharaNam tha tHe normally wears). Normally He is Sundara Raajan and beautifies the aabharaNam that He adorns. Now , He adorns His gem-bedecked Paadhukais and displays a state of exquisite beauty even without any other aabharaNams or chihnams..(V.S).

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Sloka #500

500. rathnapraBhApatalachakramanOharA thvam padhmAruNam padhamidham thvayi rangaBharthu: manyE thadhEthadhuBhayam maNipAdharakshE! chakrAbjamaNdalamakinchanarakshaNArham

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! You describe a circle of lustrous halo of supreme charm. The Lord's Feet present a picture of lotuses of red hue. The circle and lotus constitute, to my mind, a Chakrabja mandala, for the technique of securing Your protection by one ill-equipped for disciplined Bhakti yoga!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

Slokam 500:

1) UtthamUr Swamy `s anubhavam: Oh Gem-bedecked PaadhukE ! The rays associated with Your gems encircle the Lord's feet in the form of a disc(chakra). Your Lord's feet inside the circle is like a lotus (abhjam ) that has just blossomed. When the disc and the lotus inside are seen together , it makes one think of "ChakrAbhja MaNDalam " used in the Paancharaathra Aagam by those , who wish to obtain the boon of Moksham without practising bhakthi Yogam. Swamy Desikan reminds us of a route adopted by some, who can not observe the rigorous bhakthi Yogam for Moksha Siddhi. Such people offer their worship to a Yanthram(geometric pattern) consisting of a lotus inside a disc(ChakrAbhja MaNDalam ). The worship of that maNDalam in temples according to PaancharAthra aagamam rules has been recommended as an easy route to gain Moksham .

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that when one worships Swamy NammAzhwAr, the creator of the gem-like paasurams , known for their uniterrupted devotion to the Lord, those bhAgyasAlis become qualified to enjoy Sriya: pathi.

3)Oh PaadhukE! You are beautiful to behold with the circle of radiant rays (Thvam rathna PrabhA chakra paDala manOharA ). Your brilliant rays cover Your Lord's feet and redden them to remind one of the hue of the fully blossomed lotus . The entire image looks like the ChakrAbhja maNDalam with the union of Yourself with Your Lord (Ubhayam chakrAbhja MaNDalam manyE ). Why this imagery of ChakrAbhja MaNdalam ? The presence of Lotus inside the chakra maNdalam is intended for the protection of those , who do not have the full soubhAgyam to perform aarAdhanam to the Lord as established by SaasthrAs ( Akinchana RakshaNArham ChakrAbhja ManDalam manyE )… (V.S).

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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