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(Paddhathi #3)

(Paddhathi #1)




Sri:
Srimathe ramanujaya namah:
Srimathe nigamantha maha desikaya namah:


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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #2: How Paaduka is appropriately referred to as Sataari or Satakopam

Samaakhya Paddhathi





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Sloka #21

21. VandE VishNupadAsaktham TamruShim TAncha PAdhukAm YaThArThA shaTajitsamjnA MacchittavijayAdhyaYO:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

I pay obeisance to Saint NammAzhwar (Satakopa) and the Paaduka, both of whom are fast attached to the feet of the Lord. Both (having the same name Sataari) are appropriately named as Sata-conquerer, the former having won the spirit called Sata and the latter having won the Sata that I am.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) This is the first of the Second paddhathi of Sri RanganAtha PaadhukhA Sahasram .This Paddhathi is named SamAkhya Paddhathi by Swami Desikan because , the word SamAkhyA means " to count , to reckon , to relate , to proclaim or to add together " in the verb form .It also means "fame , reputation or celebration" in the noun form . The first Paddhathi carrying the name of PrasthAva- Paddhathi served as an avathArikai or introduction to the Sri Ranganaatha PadhukhAis . The next Paddhathi begins to dwell on the glory of the holy PaadhukhAs and Swami Sri NammAzhwAr and their relationships to the Lord's sacred feet .It appears that the sacred feet of ArangatthammAn present themselves infront of the mind's eye of Swami Desikan in the context of ThiruppANAzhwAr's anubhahavam in his first Paasuram of AmalanAdhipirAn : " --nimalan ninmalan needhi vaanavan neeL mathiLarangatthammAn KAMALA PAADHAM VENTHEN KANNINULLNAVOKKINRATHE ". Along with the Kamala Paadham of the Lord of Srirangam , His paadhukhais adorning those feet also come into focus for Swami Desikan....V.S

(2) Swami Desikan offers his salutations to both Swami Sri NammAzhwAr and the divya MaNi PaadhukhAs of the Lord of Srirangam . He says : " Both of them share the common name of SatAri . Both have lot of common qualities(attributes/GuNAs) .First , both have conquered Sata Vaayu or the inertia that keeps one away from the holy feet of the Lord. Second , both have conquered my mind . Both are rooted in the holy feet of Lord RanganAthA . Hence my poem is about both of them. AdiyEn bows unto both and seek their respective blessings "..UtthamUr Swamy anubhavam.

(3) Here Swami Desikan explains why the Paadhukais came to be known as "SatAri ". SatAri or Sata Jith means one who won and brought under his control a dhushtan .Swami says " AdiyEn was one such dhshtan and the Paadhukhais as well as Swami NammAzhwAr conquered me and saved me from straying into ways prohibited by SaasthrAs .Therefore , both came to be known as "SatAri". The archakAs of Srirangam point out that PaancharAthra Samhithi relates to the Vaibhavam of Paadhukais conquering an asuran by the name of Satan and hence getting the name ,"SatAri". -- ANDavan anubhavam .

(3) The skills of Swami Desikan as Kavi Simham has been amply demonstrated often through his ability to use slEdai or double meaning . Swami uses the word " VishNupadhAsaktham " to mean both Swami NammAzhwAr and the Paadhukhais thru(1)a sandhi bhEdham or splitting of this compound word and (2)without the splitting of the above compund word .When split as ," VishNu padha aasaktham " , it refers to" thamm Rishim vandhE "( salutations to that Swami NammAzhwAr, the Sage ) .That Rishi was totally absorbed in (aasaktham )Lord VishNu's lotus feet (Sudaradi Thozhuthezahn mananE"...ThiruvAimozhi 1.1.1). When it comes to the Paadhukhais , the usage is without splitting the compund word , " VishNupadhAsaktham " .such usage qualifies for the slutaytion of the PaadhukhAs " thaamcha PaadhukhAm Vandhe ".When the unsplit word , " VishNupadhAsakthAm " is onvoked , the connection (sambhandham ) of the PaadhukhAs to the Lord's holy feet is implied.... V.S

(4) The name Satajith (SatAri/Satajith samjnA )for both the PaadhuhAs and NammAzhwAr(YayO:) arose according to Swami Desikan because both conquered his mind ( math Chittha vijayAth YathArthA ).

Swami Desikan ThiruvadigalE saraNam

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Sloka #22

22. DramidopaniShannivEshashUnyAn api LakshmIramaNAya Rochayishyan DhruvamAvsihati sma PadhukAtmA ShaTakOpa: SvayamEva MAnanIya:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

It is pretty certain that Saint Nammazhvar voluntarily contrived to endear, to the Lord even people who are unaware of the Dramidopanishat (Tamil Veda)-who will otherwise have missed redemption and salvation-and decided to adopt the Paaduka-form. Nammazhvar becomes most respectable because of this! (In this form, he grants contact with himself to all who come to the shrine).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)NammAzhwAr composed ThiruvAimozhi with the intention to help every one to gain PerumAL's anugraham . Even that sacred ThiruvAimozhi is not learnt and recited by many. For the benefit of the above group , NammAzhwAr incarnated specifically as Paadhukhais to help them once again to make sure that PerumAL's blessings come their way .At the temples , archakAs place the PaadhukhAs on the heads of people to make the sambhandham of NammAzhwAr , the creator of DramidOpanishad (ThiruvAimozhi)---- ANDavan Aasrama SamparadhAyam

(2) Revered NammAzhwAr entered Lord RanganAthA's Paadhukhais to bless those, who are not familiar with either the Sanskritic VedAs or Tamil Marai ( ThiruvAimozhi ). By incarnating as the Divya PaadhukhAs and adorning the heads of one and all , Swami NammAzhwAr makes them all the objects of endearment for the divya dampathis. Thus , through sambhandham with SatakOpan (SatAri), people become entities fit for the Lord's parmAnugraham ...UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam.

(3) Swami Desikan salutes Swami NammAzhwAr as" Maananeeya: " (i-e).,eminently worthy of adoration .He points out further the reason for this adoration . He says : " SatakOpa: svayamEva Aavisathisma" ( He incarnated driven by his own sankalpam ). He took this merciful step for the benefit of bringing even those , who do not know anything about the doctrines taught in ThiruvAimozhi ( DramidOpanishannivEsa- soonya:)to become objects of special affection for Sriya:pathi. This is for sure ( Dhruvam )"... V.S

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Sloka #23

23. Niyatam ManipAdhukE daDhAna: sa MunistE shaTakOpa ityaBhiKhyAm TvadupAshritapAdajAtavamsha PratipattyaI ParamAtatAn RUpam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! Nammazhvar bore the name 'Satakopa' which is your name, because of an attachment to you. And he chose for a similar reason, the Sudra caste for taking birth in this world (that caste being born from the Lord's feet)

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) The namaskaraNam here is : hEy maNi PaadhukhE ! Thubhyam nama:( Oh gem-bedecked paadhukhais of Lord RanganAthA ! Salutations to You . (2) UtthamUr Swamy commnets : " Oh Jewel-bedecked paadhukhai of the Lord ! That NammAzhwAr bore Your name and made this world famous . Why? This was to glorify his lineage (vamsam ) and to gain reverence for it .This is for sure (niyatham ). That vamsam (sUdra Vamsam ) got the special place of honor since NammAzhwAr was born in that vamsam and took on the name of SatakOpan .

(3) ANDavan Aasrama samprdhAyam : Oh PaadhukhE ! Out of Bhakthi for you , NammAzhwAr took on the name of SatakOpan for himself and incarnated in the Sudra vamsam , which arose from the holy feet of the Lord as described by Purusha Sooktham .

(4) In conformity with the title of "SamaakhyA Paddhathi ", Swami Desikan celebrates here also the glory of the Paddhukhais , NammAzhwAr and their relationship . He describes the Paadhukhais as having attachment to or refuge in the Lord's sacred feet ( Thirup Paadham ). Purusha Sooktham found in all the four VedAs explains that the SudrAs arose from those very Thirup Paadhams ( padhbhyAM sudhrO ajAyatha ). Swami says in this context "Tvath upAsritha jaatha vamsa prathipathyai: param rUpam aathathAna ". Paadhukais have taken as AasrayaNam the Lord's sacred feet ( Tvath UpAsritham ); nammAzhwAr has also taken refuge at those holy feet .out of those sacred feet originated the sUdra vamsam ( paadha jaatha Vamsam ). Bhakthi for that vamsam resulted in NammAzhwAr's choice of that vamsam for his incarnation (-- Paadha jaatha vamsa prathipathyai: param rUpam aathathAna ). According to VarNAsrama Dharmams , NammazhwAr could not learn or recite VedAs . Hence , he set the exact Vedic doctrines in Tamil and is therefore hailed today as " Vedam Tamizh seytha Maaran"..V.S

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Sloka #24

24. ManinA MaNipAdhukE TvayA Cha PraThitABhyAm ShaTakOpasanjnayaIva Dvitayam SakalOpajIvyamAsIt PraThamEna ShrutiranyatastadarTha:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka! The designation 'Satakopa' is used with reference to the Saint Nammazhvar and also to you. Both have rendered similar service. Whereas Nammazhvar made Vedic knowledge available to all (through his Tamil work), You made the subject of the Vedas (namely, the Lord) easily available to all people (by your helping Him to walk to all places).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Sri ANDavan sampradhAyam : Oh PaadhukhE ! Both Yourself and Swami NammAzhwAr performed similar kaimkaryams . Therefore , both of You share the name of " SatakOpan ". NammAzhwAr rendered Vedam into Tamil paasurams and made it possible for all to recite them. You ( PaadhukhaE) brought the Lord , who is the meaning of Vedam to the Raaja Veedhis (outside His Garbha graham/sanctum sanctorium )on Your back so that even the lowliest of lowly presons (even a ChaNDALan) can offer his or her worship to Your Lord easily .

(2)UttamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Oh Jewel-bedecked Paadhkhais Of Sri RanganAthA! Both NammAzhwAr and Yourself share the name of "Sataari". You both share "SatakOpathvam " or the quality of being associated with SatakOpA , which is nothing but saving the Jeevans from the torments of SamsAram and making them fit for receiving the grace of the divine couple.In this context, the name and duties of both of You are identical , although you both go about achieving your purposes in slightly different ways. NammAzhwAr blesses the Jeevans with his ThiruvAimozhi , which is the essence of the VedAs . You elevate the Jeevans by bringing them closer to Your Lord Himself , who is the meaning of the vedAs.

(3) Swami Desikan states that both NammAzhwAr and the Paadhukhais made possible for two vishayams to become fruitful to all Jeevans (MuninA TvayA cha dvithayam SakalOpajeevyam ). Both of You conferred two vital boons for the Jeevans suffering from samsAric ills.Swami Desikan salutes NammAzhwAr here as " PrathiThAbhyAM Muni:", the most revered Rishi (Muni). Oh PaadhukhE ! That famous NammAzhwAr is going by Your name or has taken Your name ( SatakOpa samj~nyaiva PraThithAbhyAm Muni:). Through Your namesake , NammAzhwAr , Vedam came within the reach of every one , who were anadhikhAris before as a result of birth in Vamsams that were not able to recite the Sanskritic VedAs ( Sruthi: SatakOpa MuninA SakalOpajeevyA aaseeth ).Oh MaNi- PaadhukhE!As for Yourself , You made it possible for one and all to have the blessings of the darsanam of the Lord - the meaning of Vedam-by carrying Him on Your back to the streets of His divya desams ( ThvayA Sruthi-artha:, RanganAtha: SakalOpajeevya: aaseeth ). The brevity with which Swami Desikan describes the great services done by NammAzhwAr and the PaadhukhAs bearing the same name(SatakOpan) in the fourth line of this slOkam is simply beautiful ( PrathamEna Sruthi: anyatha: tadh artha: ). The end result of both were the ujeevanam of the suffering samsAris ( SakalOpajeevyam)..V.S

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Sloka #25

25. AkarNya KarNAmrutamAtmavantO gaThAsahasram shaTakOpasUrE: ManjupraNAdAm MaNipAdhukE! TvAm TadEkanAmAnamanusmaranti

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh MaNipaaduka! Great seers, who relish the thousand verses of Nammazhvar as being extremely sweet and nectar-like to hear, also recall the melodious music you generate, you too bearing his name, Satakopa.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Andavan Anubhavam:OH MaNi PaadhukhE of the Lord ! For the BhagavathAs , the sound of the Paasurams of NammAzhwAr are a delight to hear .Similarly , the naadham generated by You during Your movement is an equally enjoyable listening experience for them.It is no surprise therefore that they have mistaken you for SatAri Soori and have named You SatAri .

(2) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Both Swami NammAzhwAr and the Divya maNi paadhukhais share the name of SatAri for another reason besides " SatakOpathvam ".Those who hear the ThriuvAimozhi of Swami NammAzhwAr recognize and enjoy the delectable music associated with Your movements(sanchArams)in them .Similarly , those who are blessed to hear Your movements -as You carry the Lord around- recognize and enjoy the sacred and ear-pleasing sound of ThiruvAimozhi in them . Hence, It is no wonder that both of You share the same name , SatAri .

(3) Both the naadham generated by the Paadhukhais of the Lord and the Naadham generated from the recital of Swami NammAzhwAr's ThiruvAimozhi are nectar to the ears (KarNAmrutham ) for those who are knowledgabale about the svarUpam of the AathmA ( Aathmavantha:). Cognizant of the sweet similarity of the two beautiful dhvanis , these knowledgable souls have given the name of Swami NammazhwAr (SatAri) to the MaNi PaadhukhAs ..V.S

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Sloka #26

26. Ya: SapthaparvavyavaDhAnatungAm sheShatvakAShTAmaBhajanmurArE: TasyApi NamOdvahanAt TvayasoU LaGhUkrutOaBhucChatakOpaSuri:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Nammazhvar cherished his being after seven stages of Daasa, from the Lord. When you, Oh Paaduka, chose to bear his name, Satakopa, you naturally place yourself in the next lower stage after Nammazhvar-thus in this spirit of going to the very ultimate of seshatva, You have excelled Nammazhvar! Your taking Azhvar's name, Satakopa, exhibits your being a liege to him.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)UttamUr Swamy's anubhavam: In this verse , Swami Desikan refers to two Vaishnavite doctrines known as BhAgavatha Seshathvam ( being a servant or DaasA of the BhagavathAs) and Seshathva Kaashtai ( the ultimate limit of being a seshan ). Swami Desikan connects these two doctrines to illustrate the hierarchical relationship between Swami NammAzhwAr and Sri RanganAtha PaadhukhAs . BhAgavatha Seshathvam refers to being the bhruthyan or servant of a great soul ( bhagavathan). Seshathva Kaashtai refers to the lowest servant in the hierarchy of servants or Daasans (CharamAvathi Daasyam ).

In one of his famous ThiruvAimozhi paasurams , Swami NammAzhwAr refers to himself as being eighth in the line of servants of BhagavAn .This means that there are seven BhagavathAs ahead of him .Sri RanganAthA's PaadhukhAs are not included in that lineage of servants or DaasAs.Swami Desikan hints that the PaadhukhAs took on the name of Swami nammAzhwAr (Viz)., SatAri and thereby achieved the supremely desirable state of Seshathva khAshtA (Ultimate boundary/limit )and thus became even more famous than its namesake ,Swami NammAzhwAr !

(2) Srimadh Andavan Aasrama anubhavam: Oh PaadhukhE ! Swami NammAzhwAr described himself as eighth in the line of the DaasAs (Seshans) of the Lord . Oh PaadhukhE ! You wanted to conquer the AzhwAr in this regard and took on his (AzhwAr's ) name and became ninth in the lineage of DaasAs .It is a well known convention that when one takes on the name of the other , it is to declare that the name-taker is the Daasan of the name-owner.

(3) The reference here is to the ThiruvAimozhi Paasuram portion and KulasEkara AzhwAr's Mukundha Maalai slokam portion desribing CharamAvathi Daasyam .Swami NammAzhwAr describes himself as " adiyAr adiyAr tammadiyAradiyAr tamakku adiyAradiyArtamm adiyAr adiyOngaLE ". KulasEkhara Azhwar in his 27th Mukundha Maalai slOkam describes himself in a similar manner as the lowest in the lineage of the Lord : " tvadh bhrithya bhrithya parichAraka- bhruthya bhruthya bhruthyasya bhruthya ithi maam snmara LokanAtha!". Swami Desikan refers here to the charamAvathi Daasyam of Swami NammAzhwAr (eighth in the line of DaasAs) in this slOkam as : " Saptha Parva vyadhAna tungAM Seshathva KaashtAm abhajan MurArE: ". Here Lord is visualized as being hidden by the elevation caused by the seven steps with respect the dAsathvam of Swami NammAzhwAr .The PaadhukhAs took on the name of SatakOpa Soori and became thus the Daasan of Swami NammAzhwAr and became the ultimate limit (eightht step )in the hierarchy of the Lord's DaasAs .It defeated as it were Swami NammAzhwAr in the matter of Seshathva Kaashtai ( yellai nilam of DaasAs)..V.S.

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Sloka #27

27. shayyAtmanA MaDhuripOrasi shEShaBhUtA PAdAshrayENa Cha PunardviguNIkrutam Tat BhuyOpi BhAgavatashEShatayA TadEva vyanktum PadAvani! shaTAripadam biBharShi

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! By being the couch to the Lord, You became Sesha and sesha (subservient) to the Lord. When You take the role of Paaduka, the Seshatva was increased two-fold. Not being satisfied with this much, you bore the name of Satakopa to signify Your Bhagavata-Seshatva.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here Swami Desikan pays tribute to the superiority of the Lord's paadhukhAs . He states that the paadhukhA's glory center on their ultimate limit of service to the Lord. First , by becoming the bed of the Lord as AdisEshA , sEshathvam was achieved ; second , by adorning both the feet of the Lord and protecting them , this sEshathvam grew twofold.;finally , by taking Swami NammAzhwAr's name (SatAri) through the route of Bhaagavatha sEshathvam ,the PaadhukhAs have reached the limit of service to the Lord( Bhagaavth sEshathvam).

(2) Andavan Aasramam anubhavam:Oh PaadhukhE ! You became sEshan of the Lord by becoming His bed .You were desirous of performing even more kaimkaryam to the Lord and as a result , you bent down and served as His paadhukhAs. Still you were not satisfied with the extent of sEshathvam (Kaimkaryam ) to your Lord . You wanted to place yourself at a step lower than that of the Lord's BhAgavathAs. For this purpose , you took on the name of Swami NammAzhwAr(SatAri).

(3) First , PaadhkhA demonstrated its sEshathvam by becoming the Lord's bed(sayyAthmanA sEshabhUthA); next ,the paadhukhAs doubled its sEshathvam by becoming the object of protection of both the feet of the Lord( PaadhAsrayENa puna: tath dhviguNIkrutham );once again , the PaadhukhAs rose to newer heights in demonstrating their Bhagavath sEshathvam through an act of Bhaagavatha sEshathvam (i-e)by taking on the name of NammAzhwAr( PadhAvani ! SatAri padham bhibharshi)...V.S

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Sloka #28

28. PadyEna Devi! ShaTakOpamunistavAsIt TasyApi NAmavahanAnmaNipAdhukE! Tvam sheShI bhaBhUva yuvayOrapi sheShashayI sheSham TvashEShamapi sheShapadE sThitam va:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka Devi! Nammazhvar singing hymns on You, became Your vassal. But then, You too bore his name (Satakopan or Sataari) and became his vassal! Of course, the Seshasayi Lord, remains the Master (Seshi) to both of You. Now this whole world, remaining outside of you three, stands at the state of a vassal to all the three of You!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Here , Swami Desikan explains further the similiarity between Swami NammAzhwAr and the divya- PaadhukhAs and points out their individual relationships to Lord RanganaathA . Swami Desikan says: " Oh splenderous maNi PaadhukhE ! Swami NammAzhwAr composed poems relating to Your glories and thus became Your humble servant.You took on NammAzwAr's name (SatAri) and thereby became his devoted servant .Lord Rangan resting on AdhisEshan became the Supreme Lord (Seshi) to both of You .The rest of the Jeevans are in Your lineage of service (Sesham ) to both of You .Hence , Oh PaadhukhE ! both Swami NammAzhwAr and Yourself are equal in status in relationship to Lord RanganathA on one end of the hierarchy and to the rest of the world at the other end of the same hierarchy .

(2) Andavan Aasramam anubhavam: Swami NammAzhwAr sang about You and became Your servant(sEshan);You assumed his name and thus revealed that You are sEshan to NammAzhwAr.Both of You have the Lord Rangapathi as Your Seshi .All the three of You ( Sri Ranganaathan, Paadhukhai and NammAzhwAr) have become the YajamAnar for the entire world . Your Lord is the Sarva Seshi . It is known that among those , who belong to the PerumAL , there are some gradations .

(3) Swami Desikan's imaginative salutation of the Paadhukhai is superb in this slOkam . He says : " Devi MaNi PaadhukhE ! SatakOpa Muni: padhyEna tava aaseeth ( by composing paasurams on You , SatakOpa Muni became Your adiyavar);Tvamapi naama- vahanAth tasya aasi:( by taking on the name of SatAri , You declared Yourself to be the Thiruvadi of NammazhwAr).SeshasAyee yuvayOrapi sEshi BhabhUva( The Lord reclining on AdhisEshan became the Supreme Lord (Seshi) to both of You.Sesahm asesham thu va: sEshapadhE sthitham ( Rest of the world stands at daasa sthAnam to all the three of You )......V.S

(4) In the second paadham of this beautiful slOkam ,Swami Desikan uses his poetic skills and plays with the words sEshan and sEshi . In a slight variation of the usage of the word Dhanam eleven times in one slOkam of VairAghya Panchakam , here Swami uses the variations of the word Sesham five times: SESHI bhabhUva yuvayOrapi SESHAsAyee SESHAM thva SESHAM api SESHA-padhE shtitham va:----V.S

Swami Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,

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Sloka #29

Subject: Padhuka Sahasram-29

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Sri: SrimatE Gopaladesika MahadesikAya Namaha, Translation of Paaduka Sahasram by U.Ve. Sri V.N. Vedanta Desikan Swamin 29. VinDhyastamBhAdavihatahatagatErviShvagAchAntasinDhO: kumBhisUnOrasurakabaLagrAsina: svaIraBhAShA Nityam jAtA shaTariputanOrniShpatantI MuKhAtthE PrAchInAnAm ShrutipariShadAm PAdhukE! PUrvagaNyA The Tamil language claims a top status by reason of its origination from the Sage Agastya, whose own greatness can be visualised from his marvellous feats-he pressed down the rising Vindhya mountain, he drank the whole ocean in a simple three-stage water swallowing Achamana, and he could swallow for food the giantly demon VAtApi-This Tamil was his own pet lingua, for which he framed rules, grammar, and rhetoric. That language acquired a status superior to the pristine Vedas, after Satakopa-your another form-gave out Tiruvoymozhi, the Tamil Veda, which is counted prior to the Sanskrit Veda as more important, going in front of Temple processions, the Lord following Tamil-Veda reciters!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) UtthamUr Swamy"s anubhavam: In the previous slOkam , Swami Desikan treated NammAzhwAr and the PaadhukhAs separately and explained their relationships. In this slOkam , he points out that NammazhwAr and the PaadhukhAs are one and the same in the context of the conferral of their blessings on the jeevans. He praises the glories of the PaadhukhAs/NammazhwAr further this way : " The celebrated sage known as AgasthyA stopped the growth of the VindhyA mountains and stabilized it at one place with pressure from one of his toes ;he took the oceans into the palm of his hand and drank them all in one sip. He destroyed the demon VaatApi by swallowing him and thereafter digesting him . He performed thus many wonderous deeds.The most wonderful among all his celebrated deeds is the creation of the Tamil language and developing a grammar for it .Lord RanganAthA made sure that the various AzhwArs celebrated the new language through composition of four thousand divine paasurams in it.When those divya prabhandhams disappeared from circulation during the time of Naatha Muni (RanganAtha Muni), You , the PaadhukhAs of the Lord appeared in the Yogic form of NammAzhwAr and taught Naatha Muni the entire divya prabhandham .Lord RanganAthA became Naatha Muni and accepted You as His AchAryan and restablished the eternal divya prabhnadham , which are the essence of the imperishable Aarya VedAs.In recognition of Your kaimkaryam to reestablish the divya prabhnadham(Dramida Vedam ) ,even today , those who recite it go in front of the Lord during the festivals (uthsavams)of the Lord and those who recite the Sanskritic VedAs follow behind the Lord .Such is the importance of Your service !

(2) Andavan Aasramam anubhavam : The great AgasthyA performed many wonderful deeds .That AgasthyA created the Tamil language and wrote the rules of grammar for its usage. Even then , the Tamil language had no special distinction . Oh PaadhukhE ! You incarnated as NammAzhwAr and ThiruvAimozhi originated from Your lips and established a distinguished status for the Tamil language that is far superior to the ancient Sanskritic VedAs . Such is Your glory!

(3) Swami states that sage AgasthyA's "svaira bhAshA ", the ishta bhAshai/mozhi of the Sage arose out of the lips of the incarnation of PaadhukhAs - SatakOpar of ThirukkuruhUr- in the form of ThiruvAimozhi and became immediately superior to the ancient VedAs ( SatakOpa munE: thE mukhAth nishpathanthi , prAchInAnAm Sruthi parishadhAM poorva gaNyA aseeth ).These Tamizh Vedams go in front of the Lord during His uthsavams and makes the Lord appear as though He is chasing them , while the Sanskiritic VedAs follow Him in that chase .......V.S

Swami Desikan ThruvadigaLE SaraNam ,

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Sloka #30

30. shaTakopa iti samAKhyA tava RangaDhurINapAdhukE! YuktA SUtE SahasramEvam sUktI: svayamEva yanmayA BhavatI

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Ranganatha Paaduka! The name Satakopa borne by You is perfectly appropriate. You too generate, through me, thousand verses now!( This Paaduka-Sahasram is equivalent to Satakopa's Thiruvoymozhi, in many respects also). Iti Sri PadhukA sahasrE SamAKhyApaDdhati: DvitIyA

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) AaNdavan Anubhavam: Oh PaadhukhE ! NammAzhwAr composed one thousand paasurams on PerumAL in his ThiruvAimozhi. You are commanding me now to compose the same number of slOkams .Therefore , the AzhwAr's name is appropriate for You . It appears that You did not ask me to compose 100,000 (one lakh), but only 1,000 slOkams .Perhaps , this is due to Your wish to acquire the AzhwAr's name .

(2) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:Oh RanganAtha PaadhukhE ! The name SatAri fits You very well.NammAzhwAr composed 1,000 paasurams and got the name of SatAri.You were behind that effort . Now befitting Your name , You are blessing me to create these thousand verses to eulogize You .

(3) With these 20 slOkmas of the SamAkhyA Paddhathi , Swami Desikan explained why Swami NammAzhwAr and the Divya MaNi paadhukhAs of Lord RanganAthA share the name of SatAri .

Sri RanganAtha PaadhukhA sahasrE SamAkhyA Paddhathi sampoorNam

Swami Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam

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