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(Slokas of this paddhathi)

(Slokas of this paddhathi)




Sri:
Srimathe ramanujaya namah:
Srimathe nigamantha maha desikaya namah:


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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #3: Greatness of Paaduka (cont..)

Prabhaava Patthadhi





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Sloka #61

61. yadhDhvaram shira: padayugam cha rangEshitu: dhruDam Ghatayithum kshamam Bhavati shEShasheShithvatha: shirasthramidamasthu mE dhurithasinDhumuShtinDhayam kadhaDhvavihathikshamam kimapi tathpadathradvayam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

The pair of Paadukas is capable of establishing contact between the Lord's feet (Seshi) and all, including the devas (Sesha). The Paadukas extirpate sins committed; save us from further sins as well. They offer, what is more,protection for the Lord's feet too. May the Paadukas become my head garment.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy Anubhavam:may Lord RanganathA's lotuss feet eternally united with the paadhukhAs rest on my head as a protection against previous , past and future sins.Just as the paadhukhAs protect the lotus feet of the Lord from moisture and thorns during His sanchArams , May they protect me from my accumulated sins! The very same PaadhukhAs bring the Lord out of His residence (AasthAnam ) and makes the DevAs prostrate before Him to remind them about His primordial and eternal status .

(2) Srimadh Andavan Anubhavam: The DevAs adorn the Lord's Paadhukhais on their heads .As a result, The Lord's Thiruvadi becomes Seshi and the the heads of the DEvAs become Sesham . The word sEshi symmbolizes the entity that is glorious thru its superiority . The word Seshan means the object that is a testament to the glory of Seshi . The PaadhukhAs performs the act of making the Lord's Thiruvadi , Seshi and the heads of DevAs, Seshans . The PaadhukhAs also destroy all past sins. They prevent the accumulation of future sins.May the PaadhukhAs of such glory stay always on my head !

The inner meaning is that we become the servants of the Thiruvadi for the Lord thru the intercession of the AchAryAs. Therefore , we should always remember the incomparable help given to us by our AchAryAs .

Swami Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,

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Sloka #62

62. Samuthkshipathi chethasi sThiranivEshithA thAvakI MukundamaNipAdhukE! MuhurupAsanAvAsanA udharkaparikarkashAnupariparvaNA KharvitAn anarThashathagarBhithAnamashamBhaLIviBhramAn

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Mukunda-Paaduka! When the mind places firm concentration on You and as a consequence of the sweetness of that association, the taste for the contemplation causes repeated Upasana on You, a disdain for the pleasures of divine damsels dominates, such pleasures being pregnant with hundreds of bad consequences; and such thoughts are totally rooted out.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:Oh Mukhundha PaadhukhE! AdiyEn does not want any fruits of my auspicous deeds(PuNyam) arising from my steady and sincere meditation on You . AdiyEn does not want the pleasures associated with the enjoyment of the beautiful ApsarassthrIs or their place of rsidence (Svargam ).AdiyEn wishes only to have the boon of Moksham as a result of unceasing dhyAnam about You , since You are the protector of the holy feet of Mukhundan or Moksha DhAyakan .

(2) Srimadh Andavan's anubhavam : When one succeeds in retaining the dhyAnam of the Lord's Paadhukhais firmly in one's mind, then the pleasures of sporting with the Apsaras shrIs in Svargam have no hold on them. They are disgusted by such thoughts. Pleasures which appear to be enjoyable at the outset and yet yield only miseries later will disappear form their minds .

(3) Swami Desikan refers here to the benefits of AbhyAsam of uninterrupted PaadhukhA dhyAnam ( NammAzhwAr DhyAnam ).Such steady dhyAnam creates a VaasanA (Pazhakkam ), which banishes thoughts about perishable pleasures such as sthrI BhOgams ( SiRRibham)...V.S

Swami Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,

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Sloka #63

63. vigAhanthE rangakshithipathipadathrAyiNi! Sakrudh vahanthasthvAmantharvinihithakuchElavyathikarA: madhOddhAmasthambhEramakarataniryanmaDhuJharI parIvAhaprEnKhadhBramaramuKharAmangaNaBhuvam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Ranganatha-Paaduka!people toiling in torn-off garments in dire pennilessness, reminiscent of Kuchela, have only to think of You once;they secure the fortunate seat on the back of mammoth elephants, whose ichorous flow on their cheeks attracts crowds of bees to hover around.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Oh Ranganatha"s holy PaahdhukhE ! Those who wear You even once on their heads , they attain immeasurable riches even when they have lives on earth like poor KuchElan ; he gave a handful of pounded rice to his classmate and childhood friend , Sri KrishNan . KuchElan did not ask specifically for any riches , but was blessed with riches beyond his dreams . Oh PaadhukhE ! Those who worship You attain extraodinary riches on this earth by placing You ontheir heads even once intheir lives .

(2) Srimadh Andavan anubhavam : Oh protector of Lord RanganAthA's holy feet! Those who wear You even once thinking of Bhaktha KuchElA would have indescribable wealth in their homes during their lives on this earth . The inner meaning is that those who seek the sacred feet of SadAchAryAs will be blessed with worldly wealth without any specific effort on their part .

(3) The poetic power of Swami Desikan is in abdundant display here. He refers here to those who seek succor at the feet of AchAryAs as " antha: vinihitha: KuchEla vyathikarA:". These are the PaadhukhA sevakAs , who cherish the memory of KuchElA deep in their minds .Swami Desikan describes the richness showered on these blessed souls in lofty poetic style and equates their status to that of KuchElA ..V.S

Swami Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,

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Sloka #64

64. aDhidaIvathamApathathsu kalpEShvaDhikAram BhajatAm pithAmahAnAm aBhirakshathu rangaBharthurEShA karuNA kAchana pAdhukAmayI na:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

May the Karuna of Ranganatha, whose material form is this Paaduka, a unique Force, which is the object of worship for so many future-Brahma applicants of coming ages, (who hope for the reward from Paaduka's grace). protect us!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam :In all Four kalpaas (Divisions of Time) , Lord Rangnanatha's PaadhukhAs protect the different creators ( BrahmAs )and empower them to create the Universe and its inhabitants. May those powerful PaadhukhAs protect us as well !

(2) Sri Andavan's anubhavam : The inner meaning od this slOkam is that those who have worshipped the Lord's Paadhukhais will reach the high position of BrahmA in the future Kalpams.

(3) Swami states here that the PaadhukhAs as the embodiment of the indescribable DayA guNam of its Lord should protect us all.Those PaadhukhAs are going to be the Master of all BrahmAs to come in future kalpams.Swami salutes the Paadhukhais as " PitAmahAnAm aadhidhaivatham PaadhukhA-mayi ". He equates them to " Ragabharthu: KaruNA "....V.S

Swami Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,

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Sloka #65

65. DhruvamindriyanAgashrunKhalA vA nirayadhvAranivAraNArgaLA vA anapAyapadhADhirOhiNI vA mama rangEshavihArapAdhukE thvam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka, You serve for Ranganatha's sport, You serve as the chains binding the elephants which my sense organs are; You function as the bolt-rod for the door of the hell-we would not get in there! You also remain as the ladder for us to ascend to the Perennial Abode, Vaikunta.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Srimadh Andavan anubhavam: Oh Sri RanganAtha PaadhukhE helping your Lord to enjoy His travels in pursuit of His pleasurable duties! You are the most merciful ! You help me in three ways. You serve as a chain to control my IndriyAs , which are like a rogue elephant ready to cause damage . You act as a bolt to the entrance door of Narakam so that adiyEn does not stumble in there . You serve further as the ladder for the eternal Sri VaikunTam .

The inner meaning is that for those , who have AzhwAr's katAksham , their IndriyAs do not go near the inauspicious paths. They do not enter Narakam . Parama Padham is within their easy reach .

(2)Swami says here that the PaadhukhAs are the chain that restrains the rouge elephant of the ten IndriyAs ( mama Indhriya Naaga SrungalA ). The PaadhukhAs serve as the inner bolt for the entry door of Narakams( Niraya dhvAra nivAraNa argaLA ).

What a beautiful rhyme: SrungalA and argaLA ! One is a restraining chain and the other is a restraining bolt .

The PaadhukhAs ultimately serve as the parama Padha sOpANam/ladder (anapAya padha adhirOhiNi)...V.S

Swami Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,

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Sloka #66

66.SharaNAgatasArThavAhashIlAm shruthisImanthapadhaprasADhanArhAm aDhirangamupAsmahE murArErmahanIyAm thapanIyapAdhukE! ThvAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Golden Paaduka of Ranganatha! May we always meditate on You at Srirangam as the Champion of the Prapanna category of people, the fit deity to occupy the head of the Veda-damsel, and the much-beloved one of the Lord.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here Swami Desikan reveals what he desires on this earth , prior to obtianing the boon of Moksham . He says: " Oh Ranganaatha Paadhukas excelling in leading the group of prapannAs , who have taken refuge at the Lord's sacrd feet ! Oh PaadhukhAs adorning the crowns of Upanishads ! Oh PaadhukhAs celebrated by BhagavAn Himself ! Please bless me to worship You on this earth itself at the sacred city of Srirangam .

2) Srimadh Andavan anubhavam :Oh PaadhukE ! From Your position in Sri Ranga VimAnam , You bless huge assemblies of people to perform SaraNAgathi and move them onward to Parama Padham . I meditate on You of such vaibhavam at Your sthAnam in Sri Ranga VimAnam .

3) Here Swami Desikan addresses the Lord's Paadhukhais as "TapanIya PaadhukhE " ( Noble Padhukhais made of the noble metal, Gold). ).These noble Paadhukhais are well known for their SvabhAvam to guide the assembly of those SaraNAgathAs , who have placed their entire trust in Sri RanganAthA to Paramapadham without fail .This seelam (noble conduct ) is that of AchAryAs and Swami NammAzhwAr ( Sri RanganAtha PaadhukhAs ) is the Prapanna santhAna Jana Kootasthar . Swami Desikan salutes Swami NammAzhwAr here with the words: " MahanIyam thvAm adhirangam upAsmahE " ( adiyEn salutes You , the worshipful One ,right here at Your aasthAnam at Srirangam) . Swami Desikan states further that the PaadhukhAs are decorating the head area of the VedAs , where their hairline is parted (Seemantha Padham ) . From that noble Seemantha Padham , the PaddhukhAs send the Prapanna janAs to the Lord's Parama Padham...V.S

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Sloka #67

67. iha yE BhavatIm Bhajanti BhakthyA kruthina: KeshavapAdhukE! NiyuktA: kaThayAmba thirOhitam thrutIyam nayanam thrINi muKhAni vA kimEShAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Keshava Paaduka! What a great fortune they possess, who have been destined to do dear devoted service to You in this world! I wonder whether they have a third eye concealed or they have only one of the four faces visible, the three others concealed (they being verily Siva and Brahma in their attainment)! Note: The name Kesava, appropriate here, implies that Siva and Brahma were born from the Lord)

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Oh Kesava PaadhukhE ! Fortunate indded are those worshipping You here in Srirangam .Even if we do not see three eyes and four faces in them , they are equivalent to Rudran and BrahmA respectively because of their blessings to worship You. They have been elevated by You to such exalted posts.

2) Srimadh Andvan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukhE ! Whoever worships You is sure to attain Brahma padham or Siva Padham .That blessing will happen to them right now. If one wonders where their three eyes anf four faces corresponding to this loft status are, those insignia are hidden from one's view.

3) Swami Desikan addresses the Paadhukhais with great tenderness by hailing them as " Ambha Kesava PaadhukhE " .Lord RanganAthA's (Kesavaa) Paadhukai is considered as the most compassionate DayA Devi here. Those who worship the Paadhukais are saluted by Swami Desikan as "Krithina:" ( PuNyasAlis ).They are driven by their Bhakthi for their Mother PaadhukhA ( BhakthyA Niyuktha:). Swami asks the Mother PaadhukhA a question about the mystery that intrigues him : " Ambha Kesava PaadhukhE ! Kathaya!yEshAm kruthina: thruthIyam nayanam tirOhitham kim ? yEshAm thrINi mukAni tirOhithAni kim ? " ( we know that those BhaagyasAlis have attained Siva and Brahma padham by worshipping You ardently . Please tell us whether their third eye and the other three faces befitting their ranks as future Siva and BrahmA are hiddden from our view ? )............V.S

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Sloka #68

68. maDhuvaIriparigrahEShU nithyam kshamayA thvam maNipAdhukE! SamethA thadhapi kshamasE nakim parEShAm thridhashAdIshvarashEKharE nivEsham

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Among the attendants of the Lord, You are ever close to Bhoomi. Evidently, You ought to be forbearing (like Bhoomi Devi). But then how is it You do not let the other attendants serve on the chiefs of the Devas (such as Brahma, Siva and Indra) when You adorn their heads? (You alone adorn their heads; when You do so, they do not get the service of their umbrella, chamara or other paraphernalia)

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here, Swami Desikan cleverly points out that the PaadhukhAs are the best among the Lord's Isvaryam, His devis, BhUshaNams and Aayudhams .He plays a pun on the word, "KshamA ", which can mean either BhUmi Devi or patience/forbearance . When Swami has BhUmi Devi in mind, the corresponding meaning is as follows: " Oh PaadhukhE ! You have close friendship with BhUmi Devi or Mother Earth (i.e), You walk on the Earth .In this regard , BhUmi Devi is closer to You than MahA Lakshmi or NeeLA Devi .

The DevAs do not use their umbrellas and fans signifying their status , when they adorn You on their heads , since You do not have any patience for such association ". Swami Desikan suggests that it is only the Paadhukhai of the Lord and not the umbrella or the fan of the Lord that find their place on the heads of the DevAs .

The second meaning of this verse is as follows: "Lord RanganAthA has many decorative objects for each of His limbs with one exception .For instance , He wears a crown or a Turban or other head gear on His head ; similarly , for His neck, He wears a flower garland, a necklace and a strand of pearls .For His Lotus feet however, He only wears the PaadhukhAs , as if the PaadhukhAs would not tolerate any other competition .

2) Srimadh Andavan's anubhavam : Oh PaadhukhE !DevAs do not place any object on their heads other than You. You are known for your KashamA (forbearnace ).How come you do not bear with the devAs regarding other objects of Your Lord adorning their heads ? Kashamaa means Forbearance and BhUmi Devi. The association of the Paadhukhai with BhUmi Devi is also referred to here.

3) Swami Desikan addresses the Padhukhai of the Lord and asks a question about some thing that bewilders him : " Oh Lord's PaadhukhE ! Tvam nithyam KshamayA samEthA ; (kim thu ) parEshAm (deva) sEkarE nivEsam kim na KsahmasE ?" ( Among all the objects serving the Lord , You have the most amicable relationships. However,You do not put up with the other objects of Your Lord being placed on the heads of DevAs .You prefer to be there exclusively . How Come ? where is Your proverbial KshamA ?)........V.S

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Sloka #69

69. dvithayam prathiyanthi rangaBharthu: kathichith kAnchanapAdhukE! SharaNyam ABhayAvithamagrimam karam vA BhavathIshEKharitham padAmbhujam vA

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Some declare as our refuge, for sure protection, the Abhaya-hastha of the Lord or His lotus feet, borne by You on Your head!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Oh Lord RanganAthA's golden PaadhukhE ! Some opine two items as symbols of Your Lord's protection.One is His abhaya MudhrA assuring freedom from any fear for those , who seek refuge in Your Lord. The other is the Lord's lotus Feet standing as it were decorated by You, the Paadhukhai !

2) Srimadh Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukhE ! MahAns worship the abhaya hastham of Your Lord and His sacred feet protected by You as the pair to gain salvation and spend their lives as PrapannAs without worry. These MahA PuNyasAlis believe that AzhwAr's and SadAchAryA's kataksham as the prerequisite for gaining the boon of Moksham from Your Lord and therefore seek refuge in You.

3) The twins that relieve the anxieties of the puNyasAlis are: "abhayAnvitham-agrimam karam and BhavathI sEkaritham PadhAmbhujam ".Oh PaadhukhE !One of them is the uplifted, forward-moving hastham of Your Lord and the other is Yourself serving as the decoration for the Lotus feet of Your Lord...V.S

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Sloka #70

70. BharatAshvasanEShu pAdashabdham vasuDhAshrOtrasamudhBhavO munIndhra: paTathi thvayi pAdhukE! thathasthvam niyatham rAmapadhAdhaBhinnaBhUmA

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! On the occassions of Bharata consoling himelf (while he returned to Ayodhya without Rama), Valmiki uses the word "feet" while referring to You. Evidently Your greatness is the same as that of Rama's lotus feet, without any difference, whatsoever.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh RanganAthA's PaadhukhE ! You protected BharathA for fourteen long years without the involvement of His Lord's sacred feet . VibhishaNaa on the other hand was saved by the holy feet of Your Lord without Your help. Therefore , it appears that the Lotus Feet of Your Lord and Yourself supporting those Feet have equal potency in protecting those that seek refuge of either of You .Sage Valmiki refers to this amazing relationship between You and the Lord's sacred feet that You support and protect.

2) Srimadh Andavan's anubhavam : Oh PaadhukhE ! When Bharathan and the Citizens of AyOdhyA prayed to Lord RaamA at ChitrakUtam to return to AyOdhyA and become the King ,He refused . Bharathan received Yourself as a represetative of Sri RamachandrA and returned . At that time, He told the sad citizens that " You are indeed the Sacred Feet of the Lord Himself . Please do not think otherwise ". Therefore You are not differnet from Your Lord's sacred Feet .

The inner meaning is that the Lord Himself incarnates in the form of AchAryAs .

3) Here Swami Desikan refers to BharathA's consoling words to the sorrowful citizens of AyOdhyA at the time of returning back to NandigrAm from ChithrakUtam with the Sri Raama PaadhukhAs on his head. BharathA said according to Sage VaalmIki : " thvam Raama PaadhAth abhinna bhUmA, niyatham ". You are not different from the sacred Feet of Your Lord in glory .This is certain ....V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama

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