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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #5: Return of Paaduka to Ayodhya with Bharata

Prathiprasthaana Paddhathi





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Sloka #131

131. anthEvasan acharamasya kavEssa yOgI vanyAn pragruhya vividhAn upadhAvisEshAn aathasthushIm Raghukula uchitham oupavAhyAm prathyujjagAma Bhavatheem BharathOpaneetham

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadukE ! As You rode on the back of the royal elephant , Sage BharadhwAjA , the disciple of Aadhi Kavi VaalmIki , received You in a fititng manner with varieties of presents available in the forest .

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here Swami Desikan describes the happenings at the penance site of Sage BhradhwAjA , when the Paadhukais were brought by BharathA on his return journey to AyOdhyA . On the forward journey , Sage BahradhwAjA held a gigantic banquet for BahrathA and his entourage and sent him on his way to ChithrakUtam to meet his elder brother.Swami Desikan says that Sage BharadhwAjA met the Paadhukais of Lord RaamachandrA that were going to rest on the traditional throne of the kings of Kosalaa and offered many fruits and flowers from the forest as a mark of his high regard for the traveling Paadhukais.

(2)Swamy Desikan states that Sage BharadhwAjA , the famous disciple (anthEvasan) of the aadhi kavi ( acharamasya kavE: anthEvasan)VaalmIki greeted the noble PaadhukAs seated on the back of the royal elephant .The sage had the special fruits and flowers in his hand to offer his homage to the sacred Paadhukais as though he was greeting them with Poornakumbham ... (V.S)

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #132

132. maathasthvath aagamana mangaLa darsanInAm SaakEtha pakshmaLadhrusAm chaDulAkshi bhrungai: jaathAni tathra sahasA MaNipaadharakshE vaathayanAni vadhanaissathapathrithAni

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Mother PaadhukE ! At the time of Your auspicous entry into the city of AyOdhyA , the windows of the city were decorated , as it were with lotus flowers with hovering-bees , when the beautiful faces of the damsels looked through the windows with their eyes wandering here and there.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UthtamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Oh Kind Mother PaadhukAs ! When You entered the streets of AyOdhyA , the eyes of all the ladies of that city , resembling the quickly moving bees , were riveted to the windows of their houses. Their faces resembled the lotus flowers. Suddenly , it looked as though the windows of the houses were filled with blossoemed lotuses surrounded by fast moving bees.

(2)Srimath Andaban's anubhavam:

Oh PaadhukE ! The ladies of AyOdhyA enjoyed the uthsavam of Your entry into AyOdhyA from the vantage point of their windows . Their faces were joyous like the freshly boomed lotuses . The rapid movement of their eyes following Your pattiNa pravEsam was like rapidly moving honey bees.

(3) Swamy Desikan's kalpanA presents us the windows of the houses of AyOdhyA as being populated by multitudes of lotuses in the morning greeting the rising Sun . These are the beautiful faces of the ladies of AyOdhyA , who could follow the festivities easily from their windows. The PaadhukAs were on top of a tall , majestic elephant and the viewing of them from the upper elevation of the windows made it possible for them to have the mangala darsanam of the sacred Paadhukais of RaamA . Their dark eyes were moving rapidly out of their eagerness to follow the progress of the Paadhukais from every angle . Those rapid eye movement of the ladies is equated by Swamy Desikan to the speedy rush of the dark hued , swarm of honey bees...V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sloka #133

133. saakEthaseemni Bhavathee maNipAdharakshE maangalya laaja nikarai: avakeeryamANA Keethi svayamvarapathE: Bharathasya kaalE VaivAhiki Janani vahnisikhEva rEjE

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukE ! When You rode across the streets of AyOdhyA , parched paddy grains were strewn in Your path heralding auspiciousness. It loked then as though You were ( by Your blazing lustrous radiance) the Agni ; the lady Keerthi (fame) had voluntarily opted for BharathA's hand and the wedding arrangements went through (with laaja hOmam).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here, Swamy Desikan describes how the ladies of AyOdhyA showered parched rice as a sign of auspicious welcome to the ruby-studded PaadhukAs of RaamA . Swamy says that it looked like the marriage of BharathA with a maiden by the name of Fame.The white showers of parched rice fell on that occasion on the rubies of the Paadhukais. The combination of the white and red colors looked like the flames of the sacred fire accepting the havis at the laajA- homam stage of Vedic marriage .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam : The sight of the shower of Parched rice over the Ruby-enmeshed Paadhukais were like witnesing the sacred flames (VaidhikAgni) in the svayamvaram of a kannikai with the name of Keerthi wedding Bharathan. The visEsha keerthi (fame ) that BharathA acquired was due to his rejection of the Raajyam that was given to him and bringing back the Raama PaadhukAs to rule over AyOdhyA . The inner meaning is that when SamsAris reject SamsAram and seek the sacred feet of SadhAchAryAs , they accumulate enormous keerthi .

(3) Swamy Desikan compares the resplendent Paadhukais to the flames of Agni (Vahni-sikhA) in the VivAham of BharathA with Keerthi devi ( Bharathasya VaivAhiki Vahni sikhEva rEjE).The Laaja Homa manthrams are housed in the tenth canto of Rg Vedam...V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #134

134: chanthrEndhumanDalavathi MaNipAdhukE thvam vyaadhUtha chamara kalaapa saraprasUnaa sadhYO bhabhUvith samagra vikAsa hEthu: SaakEthapoura vanithA nayana uthpalAnAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PadhukA ! On Your entering AyOdhyA , the moon's circle of light being the umbrella , the oscillating grass stalks providing informal chaamaraa wafting , the blue lotus that were the eyes of the city's damsels blossomed. It was a veritable autumn ot the people of AyOdhyA .

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UttamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Here Swamy Desikan describes how the PaadhukAs became the cause for the full blossoming of the eyes of the ladies of AyOdhyA . He says: " Oh PaadhukAs ! when the beautiful eyes of the ladies of AyOdhyA saw You receiving the royal honors of white umbrella (mmon-like) spreading over You and the respectful waving of the white fans , their happiness knew no bounds.Thier blue eyes blossomed fully.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

The eyes of the ladies of AyOdhyA were like karuneythal (blue lotus). The white umbrella over the PadhulkA was like the moon. The PaadhukA resembled the cool autumn season. The chamarams looked like the stalks of the sacred grass as they moved gently from side to side. When the ladies saw this beautiful sight , their neelOthpala-eyes blossomed as though they have seen the autumn moon. The inner meaning is all mahAns were afraid of kali yugam and the terrors it contained. In this kali yugam , sadAchAryAs like NammAzhwar were born to make the jn~aNa chakshus of the good people blossom .

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sloka #135

135.praikshantha vakthrair MaNipaadharakshE sathrunjayam sailamivAdhirUDAm RaamAbhidhAna prathipanna harshai: utthAnthai:utara kOsalAsthvAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! As you rode on the elephant, satrunjaya, by name, of a mountain's size, the subjects of Uttarakosala country looked as You, with raised faces, with respect and rejoicing by reason of association with Rama.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UttamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh MaNi PaadharakshE ! The citizens of Utthara Kosalaa saw You seated upon the royal elephant , Satrunjayam and assumed that RaamA Himself had returned. Their happy faces welcomed You and called You RaamA . They knew that RaamA was at the ChithrakUtA mountain , but for a moment they assumed that Satrunjayam was the ChithrakUtA mountain and You were RaamA and responded accordingly.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

Oh PaadhukE ! when you rode on that tall royal elephant , people looked up and thought it was RaamA , who was sititng on top of that elelphant. They were joyous over those thoughts.The inner meaning is that knowledgable people celebrate their AchAryAs even more than PerumAl .

(3) Swamy Desikan describes the gigantic royal elephant as a mountain (Sailam ). Paadhukais were sititng on top of that mountain/elephant , where RaamA used to sit. Hence , they addressed the Paadhukais with the Name of RaamA (RaamAbhidhaana) and were filled with joy ...V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #136

136. dhrashtum tadhA Raaghava PaadharakshE SitAmiva thvAm vinivarthamAnaam aasannayOdhyApura sundarINAm outhsukhya lOlAni vilOchanAni

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Raaghava PaadhukE ! When You returned to the City, the ladies of AyOdhyA looked at You as they would on SitA , if She were to return . In that fond feeling , their eyes vacilitated .

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UttamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Here , Swami Desikan says that the ladies of AyOdhyA saw the PaadukAs for a moment as SitA Devi Herself. They were thrilled with that vision. In the dense forest , SitA went ahead of RaamA to protect Her Lord's feet form being hurt by throns and stones. Therefore , the ladies of AyOdhyA equated the Paadhukais to SitA PirAtti and assumed that SitA in Her wonted manner was proceeding ahead of Her Lord. When You worship the PaadhukAs , th Lord is pleased just as when His Devi is being worshipped. Therefore , they worshipped the PaadhukAs in the form of SitA Devi and expected RaamA to follow the PaadhukAs.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

The inner meaning here is that SadAchAryAs are equal to and some times more than MahA LakshmI in their kaaruNyam.

(3) The eyes of the ladies of the City were moving from here to there in their joy to take in the sight of Paadhukai thinking that it was SitA Piratti Herself , who was returning to Her city..V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sloka #137

137. aasthAya tathra sphutabindhunaadham shtamBhEramam thaadhrutha sannivEsam adarsayasthvam puramadhyabhAgE PaadhAvani tvath praNayasrayathvam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukE!While in the centre of the city , the elephant carrying You on its back , had on its face colored drops and drawings (called Bindhu) , had its own roar sounding like the PraNavam , very uniquely indeed -and on the elephant demonstrated Your being based on PraNavam , very much in consonance with the Sriranga VimAnam .

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam :

Oh PaadhukE ! The sight of You in the northern city of AyOdhyA seated on the royal elephant with its trunk curved like the shape of PraNavam and making the majestic sound of PraNavam reminds me of Srirangam. There , You are sitting upon the vimAnam known as the PraNavAkruthi VimAnam ( structure over the sanctum-sanctorium resembling the shape of PraNavam ) and engaged in raising the auspicious sound of PraNavam .

2. Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

Oh PaadhukE ! You were seated on top of the painted elephant making loud roars . That sight remindsadiyEn of PraNavAkAra VimAnam ( In grantha aksharam , the word "OM" resembles both the trunk of the elephant and the Sriranga VimAnam ).

3. The light and sound aspects of the bhavani of the Paadhukais on top of the elephant is indicated by Swami Desikan with the choice of words :" SpuDa bindhu- naadham ". Bindhu can also be intrepreted as anusvaram and naadham as Svaram in the context of vedic recitation linked with PraNava ucchAraNam . Oh PadhukE ! That sound and shape reminds adiyEn of Your" PraNavAsrayathvam " ( having the PraNavAkaara VimAnam as Your abode )...V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Sloka #138

138. DasagrIva sthamBhErama dhaLana durdhAntha hrudhayE vihAra svacchandhyAth visathi RaghusimhE vanabhuvam svavaathsalya krODIkrutha Bharatha saaBhEvabhavathI nirAbhAdhAm PaadhAvani na vijahou KosalaguhAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukE ! The lion of RaamA having gone to quell the elephant (RaavaNA ) , He had presumably assigned to You the duy of looking after His calf , ( the lion cub BharathA )and You looked after him safely in the Kosalaa cave free from any possible danger.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Swamy Desikan compares RaamA to a lion , PaadhukA to a lioness and BharathA to the lion cub . Swamy says: " When RaamA , the Lion entered the forest to kill RaavaNA , You , the lioness out of greart concern for the well being of Your cub BharathA , returned to AyOdhyA , the cave of KosalA kingdom. There , You waited for Your Lord to return after fourteen years andtook good care of BharathA entrusted to You.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

When the Lion king leaves for hunt , the Lioness stays behind in its cave with its little one. She does not leave the safety of the cave forthe sake of its cub.

(3) The majesty of VeerarAghavan and the tenderness of the Mother Paadhukai is depicted beautifully here: The valor of the Lord is described this way: DasagrIva(RaavaNA's) sthamBhErama (elephant's) daLana ( to tear apart)durdhaantha hrudhayE( resolved in its mind to accomplish that destruction) RaghusimhE ( that lion of RaamA ); the tenderness of the Paadhukais over BharathA's welfare is described as : " sva vaathsalya krODikrutha Bharatha SaaBhA" ...V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #139

139. kaikyIvaradhana dhurdina nirAlOkasya lOkasya yath thrANArtham BharathEna BhavyamanasA SaakEthamAnIyatha RaamathyAgasahai: asahya viraham RangakshthIndrasya tath PaadhathrANam ananya tantra phaNithE: aapIDam IdImahi

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

May we praise the PaadhukA of RanganAthA , -which was brought to AyOdhyA by BharathA of kindly heart , so as to bring light into the darkness enshrouding the country as a result of KaikEyi's demands having been met, -whose separation can hardly be sustained by the people , even if they could bear Rama's seperation , and -which is the head ornam,ent of the Veda damsel.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Let us offer our worship to the sacred PaadhukAs of RanganaathA and sing its glory with noble words. DasarathA's pledge to KaikEyi resulted in RamA's leaving for the forest to enable BharathA to become the king of AyOdhyA . During those sad days following Rama's exit to the forest, the citizens of AyOdhyA suffered and their days were without any hope. They despaired day and night. BharathA removed the despair of the citizens by bringing Rama PaadhukAs back to AyOdhyA . The citizens, who could even stand the suffering of separation from RamA could not accept their separation from their dear PadhukAs . The citizens with BharathA went to ChithrakUtam and brought back the PaadhukAs , since they could no longer live without them. May we salute theis auspicious PaadhukAs of the Lord of Srirangam !

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning of this slOkam is: People comprehend Isvaran through the upadEsam of SadAchAryAs and achieve auspiciousness. The people suffer , when they have to be separated from their AchAryAs . May adiyEn receive the anugraham of such AchAryAs !

(3) Swamy Deikan offers his salutations to the Paadhukais of Sri RanganAtha That are eulogized by the Upanishads . He points out that these sacred Paadhukais of the Lord were brought back to AyOdhyA by the good-minded BharathA ( Bhavya-manasA BharathEna LOkasya ThrANArtham SaakEtham aanIyatha) for the protection of the world. Swamy salutes the Upanishads,which are veda Siras with an unusual phrase :ananyatantra PhaNithE: AapIDam . He explains the aapourushEyam ( not composed by any author )nature of the Vedam (phaNithE:)with the word , "ananya tanthram" .Upanishads are the sirOrathnam/and decorative gem (aapIDam) . What is that sirOrathnam adorning the head of the VedAs ? Upanishds that salute the Lord's Paadhukais by adorning them are the SirObhUshanam .. V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #140

140. SamupasthithE PradhOshE SahasA vinivruthya chithrakUDavanaath Abhajatha punarjanapadham vathsam dhEnuriva PaadhukE Bhavathi

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Transaltion by Sri U.Ve.V.N. Vedantha Desikan Swamy

Oh PadhukhE! When the kinglessnes (anarchy) tainted the Kosala country , You quickly repaired back to the country from ChithrakootA forst , even as when evening befalls , the cow gone to grazing fields returns home to nurture the calf.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Here Swamy Desikan equates AyOdhyA to a calf and Padhukai to its nourishing Mother. He says: " Just as a cow will think of its calf at sunset (PradhOsham )and rush home from the forest to feed its calf , Paadhukai thought of the needs of the citizens of AyOdhyA and rushed back home with Bharathan to nurture the citizens of AyOdhyA .The Paadhukai returned of its own out of its infinite dayA".

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam :

The inner meaning of this slOkam is : AchAryAs worry a lot about the KshEmam of the Jeevans. Therefore , they leave even their own Lord and rush to protect and bless the Jeevans. That is why the Jeevans (sishyAs) gain great auspiciousness.

(3) "SamupasthithE" has two meanings according to PurvAchAryAL's vyAkhyAnam . Under one meaning , "SamupasthithE" refers to sunset . Under another meaning, it refers to the approaching bad times , where danger is in the air . The comparison between the Cow rushing home from the grazing fields to suckle the calf and the Padhukai returning home to take very good care of the worried citizens of AyOdhyA is beautiful...V.S

Swamy Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam The Fifth PrahtiprasthAna Paddhathi sampUrNam

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

------------------------------------------------------------------------

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