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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #6: Assumption of Power

Adhikaara Parigraha Paddhathi





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Sloka #141

141. adIshtE pAdukA sA mE yasyA: sAktavAsibhi: ! anvayavyatirEkAbhyAmanmIyata vaibhavam !!

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

THAT PAADUKA is my topmost Goddess - whose greatness was correctly inferred by the people of Ayodhya in the sense that when Paaduka ruled, all in the nation was good and auspicious; and when Paaduka was not the ruler, all went amiss.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)The Sixth paddhathi deals with the acceptance of Paadhukai to take over the rulership of the Kingdom of Uttara Kosalam .Swamy Desikan decribes this event in 40 SlOkams in this paddhathi known as "AdhikAra Parigraha Paddhathi".AdhikAra means superintendence or watching over administrative/ religious duties . Parigraha means to accept or assume. The assumption of duties as the ruler of AyOdhyA by the Sri Raama Paadhukais is the topic of this chapter ... V.S

(2)Sri UttamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Swamy Desikan is celebrated as a lion among the logicians ( ThArkika simham ) . In this slOkam, Swamy Desikan uses the rules of logic known as anvayam (natural order of words in a sentence) and Vyathirekam (dissimilarities) to prove the greatness of the Lord's PaadhukAs. Here Swamy says that the very same PaadhukAs , whose glory was inferred through anvaya and Vyathireka techniques by the citizens of AyOdhyA are his supreme Goddess.

(3)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

When Paadhukais resided in AyOdhyA with Lord RamachandrA , it was like an uthsavam at the city. When the Paadhukais left the city to accompany the Lord , the sufferings of the people of AyOdhyA were immense. When PaadhukA returned to AyOdhyA with Bharathan , the joy of the citizens knew no bounds. Thus the Citizens of AyOdhyA recognized that the glory of the Paadhukais was intimately associated with the prabhAvam of the paadhukais alone .The inner meaning is that one does unsAsthraic acts prior to seeking the sacred feet of a sadAchAryan. After taking refuge at the holy feet of his SadAchAryan, the ame person shines like a Nithyasoori. Therefore ,all the glories of the prapannan is solely due to the grace of the AchAryans .

(4) Swamy says " yasyA: Vaibhavam anvaya VyathirEkAbhyAm anvameeyatha ". The Vaibhavam that arises due to the presence of Paadhukais is the anvayam . The Vaibhavam that becomes extinct as a result of the absence of the Paadhukais is VyathirEkam .The citizns of AyOdhyA guessed correctly the relationship between the Vaibhavam or otherwise resulting from the presence or absence of the Lord's Paadhukais ....V.S

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Sloka #142

142. mOchitha sthira charAn ayathnatha: KosalAn Janapadhaan upAsmahE yEshu kaaschana vathsarAn Dhaivatham dhanuja Vairi PaadhukhA

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

We meditate on the Kosala country -wherein all beings , animals and plants , all were able to secure salvation , with no efforts whatsoever-by reason of the reign of PaadhukA there for some years.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Sri UthtamUr Swamy's anubhavam

Let us meditate upon Kosala dEsA , where the Lord's PaadhukAs ruled for a few years and attained the status of the Lord Himself. There, the grace of the PaadhukAs made it possible for all the animate and inanimate beings to attain Moksham even without them seeking it.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam

The inneer meaning here is that even fools attain sathgathi through the AchAryA's pefromance of SaraNAgathi for them. This slokam is perhaps an explanation by Swami Desikan to KuratthAzhwAn's question addressed to PerumAL ; AzhwAn asked how the Lord in His RaamAvathAram enabled /blessed even inanimate objects like the blades of grass to attain auspicious worlds without the benfit of karma -Bhakthi-Prapatthi Yogams .

Swami Desikan describes the deed of Paadhukais as " ayathnatha: Mochitha sthira charAn " .The celebrated effortless deed was that of freeing both sentients and insentients from samsAric bonds without these entities undertaking the strenous efforts associated with the prescribed routes for such a blessing . Swami Desikan explains as to how this miracle happened. During the most difficult time at ChithrakUtam , RaamachandrA asked His Paadhukai to rule the kingdom in His place during His exile in the forest .The Paadhukai was reluctant to accede to the request because of the concern that it has to come down in rank and power after the limited time of rulership. The Paadhukais put a condition for acceptance (viz)., it asked for the full power of its Lord during its rulership. RaamachandrA agreed to this request and as a result , the Paadhukai gave sathgathi to all insentients like itself .

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #143

143. SaamrAjya sampadhiva daasajanOchithA thvam RaamENa sathyavachasA BharathAya dhatthA sa thvAm nivEsya charaNAvani BhadrapeeDE pruthvIm bhubhOja bhubhjE cha yasOvibhUthim

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukA ! You were given to BharatA by the truth-abiding RaamA , as a great wealth of a broad-country kingdom , gifted as it were , to a servant. But then BharatA placed You on the ornamental throne and respectfully protected You and the nation . He enjoyed the bliss of fame as a consequence (had BharatA sat on the throne himself , he would have incurred a bad name).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Oh PaadhukA ! RaamA , the abode of truthfulness gave You to BharathA as the ennobling wealth. BharathA seated You on the Kosalaa throne and ruled the earth in Your name. He attained great fame and glory as a result of that action . By giving You to BharathA ,RaamA gave him the kingdom and fulfilled the pledge that was given by DasarathA to his consort , KaikEyi.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

BharathA's attaining immense glory through the worship of PaadhukAs is compared here to the worship of a sadhsishyan of a SadAchAryan. A sishyan blessed to realize such a sadAchAryan will receive all auspiciousness and glory through such worship .

(3) The invaluable present given by RaamA to BharathA as the emperorship presented to a deserving servant ( Daasa jana Uchitha SaamrAjya sampadhi). BharathA placed that sampath on the throne of Kosala dEsam and ruled the world as a represetatve of the Raama Paadhukais and attained illustrious glories . The blessings attained by BharathA are described by Swami Desikan this way: " Bharatha: pruthvIm bhuBhOja; YasOvibhUthim cha BhubhujE " (i-e)., BharathA protected the universe and at the same time enjoyed immeasurable fame. That is the power of the Paadhukai...V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #144

144: bhOgAnanya manasAm MaNipaadhukE thvam pushNAsi hantha bhajathAm anushangasiddhAn thEnaiva noonam abhavath Bharathasya SaadhO- raprArhtitham tadhiha raajyam avarjanIyam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukA ! What a great kindliness You exhibit ! You grant to anyone -- who worships You in a single- minded devotion , not looking for any reward -- not only the ultimate reward of Mukti , but also all incidental , unasked for worldly benefits .Your service was the only goal BharatA asked for , but then , the kingdom of Kosala came to him inevitably , even when unasked .

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh Mani PaadhukE! You confer on those dispassionate worshippers blessings that they did not expect or want. This is due to Your outstanding spirit of generosity . Others , who are not devout , request such blesisngs and do not get them. This is indeed strange! BharathA , the leader among the dispassionate did not ask for the rulership of the kingdom of Kosala . He could not however avoid it , when You blessed him with that(kingdom) on Your own accord. Swami Desikan points out here that the Lord will give earthly kingdoms to those , who seek them. His dearest devotees do not request perishable wealth , but request only service to Him . Lord out of His infinite affection gives not only Himself , but also other blessings as well , even if they were not of any particular interest to this special group of devotees .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

The inner meaning is that a sishyan , who seeks out a sadAchAryan without any ulterior motive (prayOjanams) and shows utter devotion to that SadAchAryan , the dharmArtha Kaamams pour in on that sishyan without asking for any thing .

(3) Swamy Desikan refers here about " anushinga siddhi " or the blessings that arrive without seeking them . This happens , when one has Bhakthi to one's AchAryan with single minded devotion .Then the wealth like Raajyam come their way without asking ( aprArthitham ). and had to be accepted without spurning it (avarjanIyam)..V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #145

145: RaamaprayANa janitham vyapaneeya sOkam rathnAsanE sThithavathi MaNipaadharakshE PruthvIm nijEna yasasaa vihithOttharIyAm yEkAthapathra tilakAm bhavathI vithEnE

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukA ! RaamA's exit had caused great grief to Earth. You removed it when You sat on the throne. Your fame was like a lovable garment that covered Eath's upper regions; Your royal umbrella was like the auspicious tilakam on Earth's forehead. Thus You brought joy to Earth.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh MaNi PaadhukE! When You sat on the gem-studded throne of Kosala kings , You removed the sorrow of the citizens of AyOdhyA . At that time , You wore a silken upper garment (UttharIyam ) and an umbrella was held over You to indicate Your undisputed status as an Emperor.Your fame spread all over this earth. Prior to that occupancy of the throne by Yourself , Mother Earth suffered from the pangs of sorrow over RaamA's absence form the kingdom .In Her sorrow, it appeared as though Her upper garment slipped from Her shoulder and the auspicious vermillion mark on Her forehead was missing. As You sat on the throne and Your fame spread far and wide ,Mother Earth regained Her upper garment , when You wore the silk UttharIyam and the umbrella over Your head served as Her auspicious mark on Her forehead (Tilakam).

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PadhukE! You controlled Your grief over seperation from Your Lord and sat on the throne of Kosalam and protected the Earth . Your fame served as the upper garmnet and royal insignia (umbrella) helped out as the tilakam for the forehead of the Earth . The innner meaning is that the AchAryALs control their sorrow over seperation from their Lord (in Sri Vaikuntam ) and stay on this earth comforting thier sishyAls and blessing them to enjoy all kinds of auspiciousness.

(3) The Paadhukai controlled the " Raama PrayANa janitha sOkam " (the sorrow arising from the journey of RaamA to the forest ). It sat on the gem-studded throne ( RathnAsanE sThithavathi). By that gesture , it removed the sorrow of the Earth ..V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #146

146. RaamAg~nyA paravathI parigruhya raajyam rathnAsanam RaghukulOchitham aasrayanthI SuddhAm PadhAvanI ! punarbhavathI vithEnE svAtantryalEsa kalushAm Bharathasya Keerthim

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukA ! You accepted the rulership of a nation at the behest of RaamA. You sat on the throne of the race of Raghu and You saved BharathA's spotless reputation (from being tainted by a stigma stemming from his assumption of an independent spirit ) by his disclaiming the throne.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Oh PaadhukE ! Not only did Your fame spread all around the world , but also You removed any blemish to BharathA's reputation as a result of his disobeying the commands of his parents to become the king of Kosalaa subsequent to RaamA's banishmnet to the forest . BharathA's refusal did not cause any harm to his good name because You saved him from such a possibility. You returned to AyOdhyA and thereby freed BharathA from any potential accusation that he let the citizens down by not stepping into the vaccum created by RaamA's exile. You ruled for him and saved the situation by sitting on the gem-studded throne of the Raghu Vamsam .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

Oh PaadukE ! BharathA begged RaamA to return to AyOdhyA from ChithrakUtam . RaamA cited many reasons for his refusal of the moving plea of His younger brother. BharathA protested and insisted .At that time , the people around wondered why BharathA does not heed the words of his elder . At the end , RaamA giftd BharathA with His Paadhukais for him to take them with him to AyOdhyA . Now , the people understood that the return of the Paadhukais and all the soubhAgyams associated with its return to AyOdhyA would not have happened unless BharathA had not insisted so much on RaamA's return .

(3) The title of this Paddhathi is AdhikAra- Parigruha Paddhathi. In this slOkam , we come across the word "parigruhya" ( RaamAg~nyA paravathI raajyam PARIGRUHYA). The acceptance of the reign and duites is celebrated here directly.BharathA's Keerthi had a slight muddle ( kalushA ) due to his independent streak ( svAtantrya lEsa:)exhibited by his insistence on RaamA returning home instead of going to the forest on exile . The Paadhukais restored that Keerthi under threat back to its pristine state ( Keerthim puna: suddhAm vithEnE)...V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #147

147: Poulasthya veera vadhana sthaBakAvasanAth PushpANi dhaNDakavanEshu apachEthum icchO: rakshAdhuram dhruthavathI MaNipaadhukE! thvam Raamasya MaithilasuthA sahithE prachArE

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukA! Had you not sat on the throne , how could RamA achieve what all He did ? He could now sportively wander along with SitA , plucking flowers for Her, He could " pluck " the flowers -so to say- so effortlessly ,- like kill the demons like Khara , DhUshaNA et al , in the DaNDakA forest , and ending with the "flowers" ,namely , the heads of RaavaNA , for which RaamA planned.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Oh PadhukE ! If You did not return to AyOdhyA , RaamA would have had the appeal from His citizens and Gurus to co-govern the kingdom with BharathA from ChithrakUtam . Had it happened , RaamA's affectionate deed to help SitA pluck flowers of the forest would have been interfered with .He would also have been interrupted in plucking the bunch of flowers known as RaavaNA , KarA , DhUshaNA and Trisaras and thereby fulfil the mission of His incarnation . Oh PaadhukE ! You saved the situation on behalf of SitA and DevAs.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

Oh PaadhukE ! RaamA went to DaNDakAraNyam with SitA to practise the art of plucking the bunch of flowers representing the ten heads of RaavaNA. At that time , You accepted the responsibility of governing the kingdom. The inner meaning is that the jeevans acquire sadh-guNmas as a result of the UpadEsams of SadhAchAryAs. Afterwards , PerumAl banishes the samsAric sorrows .

(3) PaadhukA's act in protecting the land during RaamA's sanchAram in the DhaNdakA forest to fulfill His avathAra KaaraNam is saluted here by Swamy Desikan as " Raamasya prachArE thvam RAKSHADHURAM DHRUTHAVATHEE " .Swamy Desikan's choice of the word "APACCHETHUM " in the context of plucking flowers is fascinating when it comes to connect with the plucking effortlessly as it were the bunch of heads of RaavaNA . " Apa " sabdham is a prefix to verbs and means away , away from . The suffix , "cchEthum " linked to the prefix , apa , indicates " the plucking away " of " the ten Veera Vadhana pushpams" of RaavaNA . They were full of blossom over the thought that they were going to defeat the Lord in the battle field .These heads of RaavaNA harboring those thoughts were plucked away elegantly by the veteran, who had practised earlier the plucking of the heads of other RaakshasAs who ruled over the DaNDakA forest....V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #148

148: paadhAvani ! prachala chaamara brundha madhyE bhadrAsana aasthara gathA bhavathee virEjE aakIrNa dhivya salilE kaDakE sumErO: ambhOjineeva kalahAyitha hamsa yuThA

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukA ! You are seated on a shining white garment spread on the throne , with a number of chAmarAs (Fans) being briskly wafted around You. It looks as though there sia lotus pond , on the ridge of the SumEru mountain , rich in sacred rivers. in which herds of swans are engaged in a quarrel .

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here Swamy Desikan describes the scene , where BharathA and court attendants offer fan service to the PaadhukAs resting on the auspicious throne of the Raghu dynasty. Swamy Desikan says: "at that time , You resembled a lotus flower surrounded by a flock of competing white swans in a pond in the foot hills of Meru mountain ". Here Swamy equates the lofty throne to the Meru mountain . The blue silk decoration on the throne to the vast expanses of the waters of lake ManasarOvar. The ruby-decked paadukai is equated to a red lotus. The white fans made from the white- tail of the chaamara deer are compared to the group of swans moving around the lotus flower( paadhukA ). The brushing of the fans during chamara kaimkaryam is equatd to the collision of competing swans circling to get closer to the Padhukai.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE !You were sitting on the golden throne (Kaanchana Meru) over a resplendent cushion . Your BhakthAs were performing fan service to You . That scene reminds me of the pond at the foothills of the golden Meru mountain, where the swans were noisily circling a splendid lotus flower.

(3) In the last slOkam , Swamy Desikan described " the prachAram (sanchAram )" of the Lord in the DhaNdakaa forest . Here , he describes "the prachalam " of chaamara brundhams ( the flock of moving fans ) at the throne room of the KosalA kingdom . "Prachalam" means an object in motion. The Prachalam is that of parama hamsAs ( the great sages assembled in the Meru mountain's foot hills )moving their tongues in eulogy of the lotus PaadukA's anantha KalyANa guNAs and the collision of their prayers in mid-air ...V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #149

149. maanyE RaghUdhvaha padhE MaNipAdhukE thvAm vinyasya vigrahavathIm iva rAjyalakshmIm I aalOlam akshavalayee BharathO jaDAvAn aalamBhya chAmaram ananyamanA: sishivE II

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukA ! After placing on the respectable throne of RaamA , You , a virtual incarnation of Raajya LakshmI , BharathA performed fan service at Your presence; he had a rosary of beads, his head had matted hair; he wandered hither and thither and wafted the chaamarams in Your favor, doing all in a single-minded , concentrated devotion .

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

Oh PaadhukA ! BharathA with his matted hair and with a japa-maalA on his neck was Your principal servant in Your fan service. He placed You on the throne, where You glowed like Raajya LakshmI . He offered his fan service then with an uninterrupted mind. He did PaadhukA japam while meditaing on Your glory during such occasions.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

Oh PaadhukE ! You looked like the embodiment of Raajya Lakshmi , when BharathA placed You on the throne intended for RaamA and offered fan service for you with great reverence.

(3) Elsewhere Swamy Desikan has saluted RaamA as "RaamO VigrahavAn dharma:" ( RaamA as the embodiment of Dharmam ); here he salutes the PaadhukA as "VigrahavathIm iva Raajya LakshmIm " ( PaadhukA, which was like the embodiment of Raajya LakshmI). Sri RaamA was reputed for HIs expertise in Raaja Dharmam. PaadhukA was the Raaja dharma LakshmI. Where does the PaadhukA sit ? It has been placed with reverence by Bharathan on the most worshipful throne of Raghu Kulam that was about to be occupied by Sri RaamachandrA (MaanyE RaghUdhvaha padahm ). The fan (chAmaram ) is moving (aalOlam ); BharathA's mind however is steady ( ananya mana:) with dhyAnam on the glories of the PaadhukA ... V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #150

150. prApthE dhivam DasaraThE BharathE vilakshE paryAkulEshu bhrusam utthara kOsalEshu I thvam chEth upEkshithavathee ka iva abhavishyath gOpAyithum Guha sakhasya VibhO; padham tath II

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh PaadhukA! King DasarathA had expired. BharathA was disinclined to accept the rulership.;the people of Utthara Kosalam were much disturbed ; in that situation , if You too had refused , who could have come to rule and rescue the royal position and possessions ?

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:

When BharathA was engaged in offering the fan service , the citizens of AyOdhyA sang the praise of the Raama PaadukAs. The citizens sang: " Mighty indeed is Your glory ! When DasarathA ascended to heaven ,BharathA was ashamed to ascend the throne and Raama refused to return to AyOdhyA as per the request of BharathA . What would have happened if You had insisted on staying with RaamA , the friend of GuhA , the hunter king , to protect Your Lord's feet during His wanderings in the forest? Who would have come forward to offer protection for us, who were orphaned ?

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:

At the time of King DasarathA's death , there was a vacuum in the kingdom due to RaamA's absence and the rejection of that kingdom by BharathA . The citizens suffered immensely from that situation. At that time, Oh PaadhukA , If You had not accepted the rulership as a representative of RaamA , what would have been our fate? The inner meaning is that the Lokam will not be at peace , when there are no SadAchAryAs .

(3) The mental state of BharathA at the time of his Father's passing away as a result of the exile of RaamA in the forest is described by Swami Desikan as "vilakshE " or a state of shame over what had happened as a result of his mother's cruelty. The collective state of mind of the citizens of Utthara KOsalam is described by SWamy Desikan as " bhrusam ParyAkulam " or extremely agitated state and confusion born out of fear about the future . PaadhukA stepped in at this time and saved the day by accepting rulership as a representative of RaamA..V.S

------------------------------------------------------------------------ Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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