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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #7: Coronation of the Paaduka

AbhishEka Paddhathi





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Sloka #191

191. aDhyAsitham manumuKhaI: kramashO narendraI: ArOpya dhevi! BhavatIm thapanIyapITam rAjyABhiShEkamanaGham maNipAdharakshE! ramOchitham thava vasham BharathO vithEnE

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Bharata, the flawless, placed You on the golden Simhasana throne, successively occupied by the descendants of Manu, and performed the corontation befitting to Rama in a manner You merited.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh MaNi PaadhukE ! The coronation bath performed for You , while You were seated on the traditional golden throne of the kings of Manu Vamsam was blemishless. It would have matched in every detail , the one planned for RaamA by Dasarathan.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh Mani PaadhukE ! Sage VasishtA seated You on the golden throne of Manu Vamsam and performed the PattAbhishEkam intended for Sri Raamachandran.

(3) That golden throne was the traditional seat of King Manu and His successors in a sequential manner ( Manumukhai: narEndrai: kramasa: adhyAsitham tapaneeya peeDam ). AchArya VasishtA seated You on that illustrious throne and performed the PattAbhishEkam fit for Raaman without any blemish ( RaamOchitham anagam RaajyAbhishEkam tava vasam vitEnE)...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #192

192. snEhEna dhevi! BhavathIm viShayE aBhiShinchan dvissapthasanKhyaBhuvanOdharadhIparEKhAm jAtham raGhUdhvahadhivAkaraviprayOgAdh anDham thamisramaharadh Bharatha: prajAnAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka Devi! Bharata performed a devotional coronation ceremony for You in great sincerity. You being the lamp-flame for the life-sustenance of all fourteen worlds, this ceremony was equivalent to feeding the lamp with ghee, say; thereby the grief in the hearts of the people-darkness caused by the disappearance of the Sun, that Rama was, into the forest- was dispelled.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here, Swamy Desikan describes and salutes the Paadhukais of the Lord as shining light of a lamp lit by BharathA to banish the darkness in the fourteen worlds caused by their seperation from RaamA. Swamy plays on the double meaning of the word "SnEham".This word can mean either friendship or melted butter (ghee). Swamy compares the pouring of the ceremonial water on the PaadhukAs to the pouring of ghee in the flame of PadhukAs. Swami states: " Oh Devi PaadhukE ! When the citizens of the fourteen worlds suffered from the darkness caused by their seperation from the radiant Sun , RaamA , BharathA poured with affection the consecrated waters on You and enhanced Your brilliance.It was like Your lustre being enhanced in a manner similar to adding ghee (aahUthi) in Your flame resting in the vessel of this Earth . Swamy visualizes a lamp with ghee and a burning wick and BharathA pouring ghee into that lamp to enhance the brightness of the light emanating from that lamp. The life-sustaining wick driving the darkness is equated to the radiance of the paadhukais. The ghee is equated to the consecrated waters and the lamp is connected to Mother Earth in this analogy.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! When BharathA performed pattAbhshEkam for You , it was like a lamp lit for the illuminationg all the fourteen worlds.The inner meaning is that the SadAchAryAs through their sadhupadEsams banish all the aj~nanam and sorrow and the people enjoy parama sukham in this world.

(3) Swamy points out that BharathA removed the darkness and sorrow of the world ( tamisram aharath) with the help of the dheepa rEkhA ( the radiance )originating from the lamp of Paadhukai ...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #193

193. hasthApachEyapuruShArThaphalaprasUthEr mUlam padhAvani! mukundhamahIruhasthvam ChAyAvishEShamadhishath yadhasoU prajAnAm AvarjithaIsthvayi shuBhaIraBhiShekathOyaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! You are the root for the tree, that Lord Mukunda is, from which the goals of life (Dharma, Artha, etc.) are fruits that can be plucked with one's hand effortlessly; it could be well said that this tree absorbs the abolution water showered on You (the root) so as to confer, on people, a shade, rather a lustre, of great fruits.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here, Swamy Desikan compares the Paadhukais to the root of Bhagavaan . He says: " I have to consider You as the root of the tree known as MukundhA , since You thrive from the ceremonial waters poured on You and cause the tree of MukundhA to grow with fruit and provide shade to those scorched by the taapams of SamsArA". The four fruits that grow on this unusual tree are the four purushArthams ( desired objects of human life), viz., dharma , arthA , kaamA and mOksham . Swamy hints further that the four kinds of fruits of the tree of MukundhA are within easy reach for picking by human beings , thanks to the help of the Paadhukais.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that firm bhakthi in SadAchAryAs yields the four purushArthams from PerumAL effortlessly.

(3) The Paadhukai is recognized as " Mukundha mahIruha moolam "( the central root of the tree of Mukundhan/aaNi vEr).the auspicious , consecrated waters falling on it ( subhai: abhishEka thOyai: aavarjithai:), produces two things :(1) the growth of the four fruits of PurushArtham (2) comforting shade from the tree ( chAyA visEsham). These fruits are pickable readily by the humans even when they are lying in the horizontal position under that tree (i-e), effortlessly ( Hastha apachEya purushArtham). The Paadhukai is the root of that tree of Mukundhan , which produces those four kinds of fruits(Phala prasUthE: Mukundha MahIruha moolam)...VS

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #194

194. ahnAya rAmavirahAth pariKhinnavrutthE: AshvAsanAya BhavatI maNipAdharakshE! teerThABhiShEkamapadhishya vasunDharAyA: chakrE thadhA samuchitham shishirOpachAram

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The land suffered the separation from Rama; Bharata too did not accept the throne; You presumably wished to render a cooling service to relieve this grief of the land. You therefore, adopted the coronation abolution ritual as a pretext so that the land, the people, could get so soothening a relief from the waters of abolution that will not be available by any other process.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! You were not keen on having the coronation bath . Mother Earth however was suffering from the heat of separation from Raamaa at that time. This was when BharathA had asked for Your return to AyOdhyA to rule over this earth in RaamA's name . You looked at Mother Earth and recognized that Her suffering and anguish can not be sustained for another fourteen years, until RaamA returned from His vana Vaasam to take over the reins of the kingdom. Therefore, You decided to accept the coronation bath , the waters of which quenched the heat and reduced the suffering of the ailing Mohter Earth.

(2)Oh PaadhukE ! You used the excuse of PattAbhishEkam to remove the sorrow of Bhumi dEvi resulting from Her separation from RaamA . For this purpose , you performed cool upachArams for Her . The inner meaning is that the nithya sooris and PerumAl descend on this earth only for the benefit of the citizens of the world .

(3) Swamy Desikan points out that the Paadhukais performed appropriate , cooling upachArAms (Samuchitham sisirOpachAram chakrE ) such as the moistenig of the earth with the cool waters of PattAbhishEkam. This led to the comforting (AasvAsanam ) of VasundharA ( Bhumi PirAtti) , who was suffering from the pangs of separation from RaamA ( Raama-virahaath parikhinna vrutthE: VasundharAyaa: aasvAsanam).The coronation and the abolution with the sacred waters was an excuse for the cooling upachArams (abhishEkam apadhisya samuchitham sisirOpachAram )done for reducing the thApam of VasundharA....V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #195

195. mAlinyamAshrithavathI maNipAdharakshE! pankEna kekayasuthAkalahOtThithEna shudDhim parAmaDhijagAma vasunDharEyam thvattha: kshaNAnnipathithaIraBhiShEkathOyaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Your ablution-water as it was, fell on the earth and purified it of all the filth (and sin) that had earlier befallen on it by reason of the jolt that Kaikeyi's demands had caused.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1)Sri UtthamUr Sawmy's anubhavam: Oh MaNi PaadhukE ! The holy waters have the quality of purifying the objects on which they fall . The holy water poured on You during Your coronation bath even became more holy , when they fell on this earth .They removed all the blemishes , which persisted as muddy ponds originating from KaikEyi's intrigue. Those muddy ponds became crystal clear due to association with the sacred waters of Your coronation bath.That purifying act was like the removal of patina on a uncleaned metal vessel and restored it to its original radiant state. If BharathA had the coronation bath instead of You, those blemishes would have persisted .Thus , You helped BharathA in addition to Mother Earth.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! Just as the sorrows of the world resulting from KaikEyi's intrigues were banished through union wih Your holy coronation waters, the incarnation of the SadAchAryAs in the world banishes the sorrows of their sishyAs.

(3) KakEyi Kalaham generated mahA pApams . Those sins were like muddy waters and caused sorrow to the citizens of AyOdhyA. Your coronation waters (abhishEka thOyai:) removed that muddiness and sorrow and blessed the citizens with a clear , worry-free mind and restored happiness to them in one second ( parAm Suddhim KshaNAth adhijagAma)..V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #196

196. Avarjitham munigaNEna jagadhviBhUthyaI thOyam padhAvani! thadhA thvayi manthrapUtham mUlAvasEkasalilam nigamadhrumANAm shApOdhakam cha samaBhUth kshaNadhAcharANAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The waters that were poured over You in ceremonial ablution by arrays of sages, with mantra-consecration, for the good of the world, became water supplied to the roots of the Veda-trees and, at the same time, curse-water condemning the Rakshasas. Your Abhisheka was thus auspicious in a two-fold sense.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! the holy waters of Your coronation bath were made even more sacred by the Vedic recitations of the assembled sages .They accomplished three things: (1)They removed the blemishes associated with KaikEyi's aparAdham(2)they fed the roots of the tree of VedAs and nourished it(3) they served as the waters used (abhimanthritha theertham) to destroy the RaakshasAs .

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that the incarnation of the AchAryAs and AzhwArs leads to the growth (Vruddhi) of VedAs and SaasthrAs. Their avathArams chase away the Kaama-KrOdha-Madha-lObha- mAthsaryam of the deluded citizens.

(3)The beneficial consequences of the holy coronation waters consecrated (mathra pUtham thOyam)by these great rishis are:(1)nigama dhrumANAm mUlaavasEka salilam ( Water added to the root of the tree of Vedam ) (2) KshaNadhAcharANAm saapOdhakam ( the waters used for cursing the RaakshasAs)... V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #197

197. vipROShithE raGhupathOu BhavathI yaThArham mAnyE padhE sThithimathI manuvamshajAnAm AtmanyaTharvanipuNai: prahithaI: prajAnAm aShrUNyapAsyadhaBhiShekajalapravAhaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! With Rama in the forest, You had been seated, as it well befitted You, on the Manu-family's throne, highly respecatable and when You were honoured with ablutions by masters of Atharva Veda, the streams of water flowing out removed the tears of grief of the people of the land.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Oh PaadhukE ! When RaamA renounced the kingdom and left for the forest , the eyes of the citizens of AyOdhyA were filled with a steady stream of tears ; those tears were salty and inauspicious.When You bathed in the holy waters during Your coronation , these waters collected at the high plateau of the throne and flowed downwards. These sacred waters helped the citizens to cleanse their eyes and stop the flow of the uncontrollable stream of their inauspicious tears. The waters used for Your coronation were sanctified by Sages like AtharvA and others and are known for curing different kinds of mental and physical illnesses through the power of their tapas.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Just as Sages like VasishtA skilled in the recitation of the powerful manthrams of Atharva Vedam wiped away the tears of the citizens of Kosala dEsam throught the consecrated waters used for the coronation bath of the PaadukAs ,the presence of SadAchAryAs in our midst removes the sorrow arising from the Lord not being with us to speak.

(3) Swamy states : " Atharva nipuNai: prahithai: abhishEka jala pravAhai: prajAnAm asrUNi apAsyath" ( The copious waters consecrated by the experts in Atharva Vedam like Sage VasishtA removed the inauspicious tears of sorrow of the citizens resulting from their separation from their Lord )...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #198

198. prAyO vishOShitharasA pathiviprayOgAth paryAkulIkruthasamudhrapayODharA goU: amba! thvadhIyamaBhiShekapaya: pibanthI DhEnurbhaBhUva jagathAm DhanaDhAnyadhOgGrI

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Presumably because the master (Rama) was absent, the earth (-cow) had become dried of its ocean (-udder). Only when replenishment came from Your abhisheka waters, it became fertile land (-milch-cow) that would bring forth, in abundance,wealth and produce!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh Mother PaadukE ! Due to the pangs of separation from Her Lord , BhUmi dEvi was lie a famished cow, whose udders were dry.During the time of Your coronation bath , BhUmi dEvi was drenched with the holy waters used on that occasion. She became fully nourished through association with those holy waters and was restored to the status of a healthy cow with udders full. Earth became abudant with overflowing milk , grains and other forms of Subhiksham . You made it possible for Mother Earth to become once again Her magnificient and benevolent self.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The inner meaning is that at the places , where SadAchAryAs reside , there are no inauspiciousness (na tathra sancharishyanthi vyAdhirdhurbiksha taskarA:). The power of the Sri Paadha theertham of SadAchAryAs can not be adequately praised .

(3) The pathi viprayOgam (separation from Her Lord) made the udder of the Cow of Mother Earth dry. Her milk of happiness (ViprayOgAth prAya: visOshithA rasA ). The oceans around Her were in an agitated state. When She drank the holy coronation waters of Yours , Dhanam , DhAnyam and other subhikshams flowed copiously from Her udders ...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #199

199. vrutthE yaThAvadhaBhiShEkaviDhoU bhaBhAsE paschAth thavAmba! BharathEna Dhrutha: kirIta: AkasmikasvakulaviplavashAnthiharShAth prApthasthviShAmiva pathirmaNipAdhukE! thvAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Mother Paaduka! When the abhisheka was duly over, Bharata held, from behind, the crown above You, in a formal coronation ritual, it looked as though the sun was above in his joy in that an unexpected stigma that had crept into his (solar) race had been removed with proper amends now.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : oh PaadhukE! BharathA performed the first of the many coronations baths;at the end of that ceremony ,he stood close to You and placed next to you the crown of the kings of Manu Vamsa.He placed the crown very close to You, instead of placing it on You or away from You. This way, the people who came to worship You could feast their eyes on Yourself and the crown associated with You. Through this crowning ceremony , BharathA banished all the misfortunes that resulted from his mother's intrigues.The Crown shone next to You like the rising Sun.

(2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: When Bharathan placed the crown of Manu Vamsam next to You , people felt that all the sorrows of Soorya Vamsam was banished and You looked like the Soorya BhagavAn Himself with Your crown.

(3) Here Swamy Desikan addresses the Paadhukai as " Ambha MaNipaadhukE " .Swamy compares this ambhA (Mother) to another mother (KaikEyi) , who out of avarice and greed caused all the misfortunes that led to the untimely death of DasarsathA and the departure of RaamA to the forest for 14 long years.Bharathan placed the Crown of his family next to the PaadhukAs( BharathEna Grutha:KirIDa:). The crown experienced the removal of erstwhile sorrows to Soorya Kulam ( Kula viplava shAnthi) and became radiant with joy and shone like the Sun Himself ( harshAth thvAm prAptha: thvishAm pathiriva BhabhAsE). The Crown was radiant over attaining you as its Lord...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #200

200. manuvamshapurOhithena manthraI: aBhimanthrya thvayi pAdhukE! prayuktham aBhiShekajalam kshaNEna rajnyAm shamayAmAsa samutThithAn prathApAn

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Water solemnized with mantras was poured on You by the great sage, Vasishta, the priest of the Manu family. That water was adequate to quell in a moment's time, the uprising of enemy kings.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

(1) Sri UttamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! The waters sanctified by the ancient sage vasishTA through the Veda manthrAs were poured over You at the time of Your coronation. A second after, the power of those waters flowing from You destroyed the agitations caused by other kings and restored righteousness all over the Universe. The kings were tempted to invade the KosalA kingdom thinking that there was no one there to protect the citizens. The sacred waters associated with You destroyed the powers of the scheming kings and restored order.

(2) Srimath Andavan'a anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! Sage VasishTA and other Vedic scholars known for their austerities consecrated the coronation waters and performed abhishEkam to the Paadhukais with them and thereby quenched the fires of the valor of the kings , who were intent on causing harm to KosalA kingdom. The inner meaning is that there are no enemies , where the SadAchAryAs reside.The blessed works of the AzhwArs have helped to banish the ills from incorrect darsanams .

(3)In this abhishEka Paddhathi slOkam , Swamy Desikan salutes the potent power of the PattAbhishEka Jalam consecrated by AchArya VasishTA and enhnaced by the sambhandham of the holy Paadhukais. In one second , those coronation waters quenched the fires of valour displayed by the jealous kings intent on causing mischief to the kingdom orphaned by the departure of RaamA to the forest ( AbhishEka jalam kshaNEna raaj~nAm samayAmAsa samutthithAn prathApAn)...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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