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Sri:
Srimathe ramanujaya namah:
Srimathe nigamantha maha desikaya namah:
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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #8: Reinstatement at Rama's feet after 14 years (cont..)

Niryaathana Paddhathi





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Sloka #221

221. thApOdhgamasthvadhaBhiShEkajalapravAhai: uthsArithasthvarithamuttharakOsalEBhya: lEBhE chirAya raGhupungavapAdharakshE lankAvarODhasudrushAm hrudayEShu vAsam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! On the day, I believe, the floods of Your Abhisheka water drove the heart-burning, that the Kosala people had been till then tormented with, away to the hearts of Lanka womenfolk, and permanently to stay there too.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! The holy waters used for Your coronation rose with energy in the form of steam and entered the hearts of the women of the harem of RavaNA .Those waters (Taapam) left north Kosalaa and entered the hearts of the women of RaavaNA's harem in the form of acute fear and anxiety .

2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! They performed pattAbhishEkam for you with cool waters. When those waters fell on You, the pent-up taapams rose up from Kosala dEsam , reached LankA and settled down for long term residence in the hearts of the harem ladies .The inner meaning is that AzhwAr's avathAram chased away the Kaamam , KrOdham et al and they had to go find another place to reside.

3) Until the PaadhukA pattAbhishEkam , there was a lot of sorrow( taapam ) in Kosala dEsam . Once the sacred waters fell on the Paadhukais , then those taapams left Kosala dEsam and found a new home in LankA ( the hearts of the queens of RaavaNA ). Swamy uses the word , " uthsAritha:" to indicate that the taapams were chased away . What did those taapams do next? They found a home for long term residence in the hearts of the antha: pura sthrees ( avarOdha suddhrasAm hrudhayEshu chirAya vaasam lEbhE )...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #222

222. Avarjitham viDhividhA maNipAdharakshE! padmAsanapriyasuthEna purOhithEna AsInnidhAnam aBhiShEkajalam thvadhIyam nakthancharapraNayinInayanOdhakAnAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! The Abhisheka waters that were showered by the knowledgable Vasishta, son of Brahma, proved to be the cause of tears of the rakshasa women.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Oh PaadhukE ! VasishtA , the dear son of BrahmA is an expert in SaasthrAs .He collected in the traditional manner , all the holy waters and conducted Your coronation bath with them . After bathing You, those sanctified waters became the principal cause of the tears falling from the eyes of the consorts of RaavaNA and his generals. Swamy Desikan referred earlier to the coronation waters transforming to become acute fear and anxiety in the hearts of the consorts of RaavaNA ; here, he refers to their sorrow at seeing their husbands and sons slain by the arrows of RaamA and his army.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:The wives of RaavaNA cried and shed copious tears , when the PaadhukAs received the consecrated PattAbhishEka Jalam on them from the hands of Sage VasishtA .

3) Swamy Desikan states that the carefully collected coronation waters used by the PurOhithA of the IshvAku family (Sage VasishtA) for PaadhukA abhishEkam became the cause for the tears of the consorts of RaavaNA ( tvadhIyam abhishEka jalam nakthanchara praNayinee nayanOdhakAnAm NIDHAANAM aaseeth).Nidhaanam means "kaaraNam " or the reason ...V.S

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Sloka #223

223. dhevi! thvayA snapanasampadhi samshrithAyAm dhagDhE purE dashamuKhasya valimuKhEna AsIth thatha: praBruthi vishvajanaprathItham adBhyO agnirithyavithaTham vachanam munInAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Devi! Even as the grand Abhisheka was performed in Your honour here, the land of Ravana was burnt by the monkey; thereafter it was recognized that Fire comes from water as rightly enunciated by sages to be accepted by all people.

Hanuman; 'myself' in humility, referred to in 3rd person by Hanuman in Sundarakanda

Vyasa in Mahabharata

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1)Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! Oh Queen ! When You acquired the fame as a result of Your coronation , RaavaNA's city was burnt to the ground by the monkey (Myself, HanumAn) . That event made true the Vedic words that fire resides/comes out of water.Thus, the holy waters of Your coronation became the fire that destroyed LankA .

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Your pattAbhishEkam took place.HanumAn(myself) set fire to LankA .Then the world understood the veracity of the Vedic words revealed by sages that fire is born out of waters.

3) Swamy Desikan states that the power was acquired by the PaadhukA from the coronation bath in the consecrated waters prepared by VasishtA...VS

4) Swamy Desikan's description of the PaadhukA pattAbhishEkam is reverential .He describes the event with nostalgia:" hEy dEvi ! thvayA snapana SAMPADHI samsrithA ". Sampadhi means wealth or Isvaryam .What happened from the acquisition of that wealth and sakthi (power)? The city of LankA was burnt down by HanumAn as a consequence of that power and potency . The Vedic revelation ( adhbhya Agni ithi) was made truthful and the citizens of the world understood that truth ( Visva Jana pprathItham aaseeth) from that day onwards..VS

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Sloka #224

224. AyOdhyakaIsthvadhaBhiShEkasamiDdhaharShaI: ADhmApithA: shruthisuKham nanu thE thadhAnIm rAmasya rAkshasashirOlavanE apyashAmyan yEShAm DhvanirvijayashamKharavO bhaBhUva

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

At the time of Your Abhisheka the resounding sound that was produced by the delighted Ayodhya people, by blowing the conches in a sweet-to-the ear manner, was perhaps continuously heard, without subsiding, till the felling, by Rama, of the heads of Ravana,thus the sound turning out to be the Victory-Bugle!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy 's anubhavam: Hail ! PaadhukE ! At the time of Your coronation , the citizens of AyOdhyA blew their conches in joy. A tumultous noise arose from their efforts to celebrate that joyous event. That gigantic sound did not die down; it reverberated in LankA as the sound of conches blown, when RaamA became victorious over RaavaNA by cutting down latter's ten heads . Swami Desikan refers here to the general property of Sankha dhvani ( the sound of conch), which lasts for a long time after the conclusion of the blowing.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam:Oh PaadhukE! The sound of the Sankha-naadham created at the time of Your coronation lasted for a long time and was heard at quite a distance. That became the sankha-dhvani that arose during the occasion of the victory of RaamA over RaavaNA .That sound generated in AyOdhyA lasted until RaavaNA's heads were cut .

3) Swamy Desikan connects here the sweet sound of the Conch blown by the Citizens of AyOdhyA --out of joy over the coronation of Sri Raama Paadhukais-- to another sankha dhvani heard by the army of RaamA at the battle field in LankA , when He cut off the ten arrogant heads of RaavaNA .The distinction is made by Swamy Desikan between the two sounds arising from the conches at AyOdhyA and LankA . The one at AyOdhyA arose from the joy of the citizens and is described as "dhvani". That dhvani was very pleasing to the ear ( Sruthimukham). The other one heard in LankA was majestic and the majesty of that sound is hinted by Swamy Desikan with the choice of the word "Rava:", meaning a shreik, shrill sound or roar.That majestic sound was the announcer of RaamA's victory over RaavaNA( Raamasya Vijaya Sankha rava:) and was pleasing to the ears in a different way ..VS

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Sloka #225

225. praThayithum aBhiShEkam pAdhukE! thAvakInam dhurithashamanadakshE dhundhuBhoU thAdyamAnE sapadhi parigruhItham sADhvasam dhevi! nUnam dashavadhanavaDhUnAm dhakshiNaIrnEthrakOshaI:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka Devi! the dundubhi drum was beaten loudly; it was a sin-removing event over all places; it caused great fear in the harem-women if Ravana, evident in their right eyes throbbing.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Oh PaadhukE ! After the sound of conches subsided during the time of Your coronation , huge drums known as DhundhubIs were beaten in AyOdhyA .Giant reverbations from the beaten dhundhubhIs reached all the way to LankA ; immediately , the right eyes of the women of the harem of RaavaNA throbbed uncontrollably indicating impending disasters.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! Skilled drummers beat on the huge drums at the conclusion of the blowing of the conches during your coronation. Simultaneously , the right eyelids of the wives of RaavaNA twitched uncontrollably.When the women's right eye, thigh and hand throb , that is a sign of imminent inauspiciousness .

3)The huge drums beat to glorify the great occasion of the coronation of the PaadhukAs as well as to drive away any lingering sins .Dhundhubhis are known for creating such effects. In addition to these known effects, the gigantic sounds arising out of the dhundhubhis caused some thing else at the harems of RaavaNan at LankA. The eye lids of the wives of RaavaNA twitched uncontrollably at the same time , when the big drums sounded at AyOdhyA. The fear was generated in the hearts of the wives of RaavaNA about the imminent disaster to their status as sumangalis. Swamy Desikan states : Dasavadhana vadhUnAm dakshiNai: nEthrakOsai: saadhvasam parigruhItham ( The right eyes of the wives of RaavaNA twitched uncontrollably and acquired fear about impending disasater)...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #226

226. raGhupathipadharakshE! rathnapITE yadhA thvAm aKhilaBhuvanamAnyAm aBhyaShinchath vasiShta: dashamuKhamahiShIBhirdhevi! bAShpAyithABhi: sthanayugamaBhiShEkthum thathkshaNAdhanvamamsThA:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Rama-Paaduka! Even as Vasishta performed the Abhishekam for You, who are respected all over the worlds, placing You in a gem-studded throne, You had perhaps caused the 'abhisheka,' of the breasts with tears of grief in the case of the queens of Ravana.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam:Oh Queen! Oh Raama PaadhukE ! At the same moment , when Sage VasishtA seated You on the throne of the Raghus and conducted Your abhishEkam (coronation bath) , there started another bath in the harem of RaavaNA . That bath consisted of the bathing of the breasts of RaavaNA's wives with their copious tears about their fate.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! At the same time, when Sage VasishtA performed Your pattAbhishEkam , You ordered the wives of RaavaNA to commence their weeping over their forthcoming misfortunes. The inner meaning is that the dhurvritthis ( bad behaviors ) of the IndhriyAs died , when Swamy NammAzhwAr incarnated on this earth.

3) Swamy Desikan salutes the Raama Paadhukais affectionately as : " Akhila bhuvana maanyAm " ( the most revered one in all the worlds). He says further that the Paadhukais gave the order( anvamamstha:) for the wives of RaavaNA (Dasamukha- mahishIbhi:) to commence drenching/bathing (abhishEkthum) their two breasts (sthana yugam)with their tears at the same time , they (the Paadhukais) had the coronation bath ...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #227

227. ramAsthrANi nimitthamAthramiha thE labDhABhiShEkA svayam rakshasthath kshapayAmchakAra BhavathI BhadrAsanasThAyinI yaddhOShNAm athivEladharpadhavaThujvAlosHmalAnAm thadhA niShpiShtaI: kalaDhoUthashaIlashiKharaI: karpUrachUrNAyitham

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! You having Yourself achieved, even at the very moment of Your coronation, being seated on the auspicious Simhasana throne, the complete annihilation of that Rakshasa, Ravana, whose 'might of the arm' could be imagined from his inability to contain muscle-fat-strength unless he grinds to Karpoora-like powder the silvery Kailasa mountain in the heat of hand-pulverizing in a fierce temper. The arrows of Rama were but mere pretexts in the matter of the killing of Ravana.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: This is the last verse through which Hanumaan offers his salutations to the PaadhukAs. He says: " Oh PaadhukE ! RaavaNA once shook up and pulverized the peaks of KailAsA with his mighty arms. You destroyed that powerful RaavaNA from far away (from AyOdhyA ), soon after Your coronation , while You were still seated on the auspicious throne of the Raghus. RaamA's arrows aimed at RaavaNA were only a pretext . Indeed , it was You , who eliminated RaavaNA . All that RaamA did in the battle field was due to Your power and glory.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: The power-conscious and egotistic RaavaNA shook the KailAsA mountain , the abode of Lord ShivA. At that time , the peaks of that holy mountain got pulverized . Oh PaadhukE ! You destroyed that mighty RaavaNA from Your auspicious throne in AyOdhyA. RaamA's arrows were in name only. It was You who were instrumental in RaavaNA's death.The inner meaning is that it is the AchAryAs , who save the Jeevans , while outwardly it is understood that it is the Lord , who saves them.

3) Swamy Desikan salutes the Sacred Paadhukais of RaamA seated on the auspicious family throne ( BhadhrAsanasThAyinee). He says : " RaamA's arrows in the matter of killing RaavaNA were only a pretext (VyAjam , nimitthamAthram).You by Yourself were the cause of RaavaNA's destruction (Svayam tath raksha: kshapAmchakara) ...V.S

4)Swamy Desikan's evocation of the imagery of the egotistic RaavaNA lifting the KailAsa parvatham and causing damage to the peaks of that snowy mountain abode of Lord SivA is beautiful . First Swamy Desikan decribes the hot hands of RaavaNA burning with the limitless heat of ego as " athivEla dharpa dhavadhu jwAlA ushmANam yaddhOshNAm ". What happened next is described as : " nishpishtai: kaladhoutha saila sikharai: tadhA karpUrachUrNAyitham ". The peaks of that silver mountain ( covered with silvery snow) got pulverized and fell around like the rain of camphor powder . The analogy of the snow clad mountain breaking up and falling apart as the rain of powdered camphor is a testament to the poetic genius of our dear AchAryan ..V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #228

228.shruthvaIvam hanumanmuKhAdh raGhupathE: prathyAgathim thathkshaNAdh AsIdhadhBharathAnuvarthanavashAdh ARudAkumBhasThalAm kAlOnnidhrakadhuShNadhanamadhirAmAdhyadhdhvirEphaDhvani- shlAGhachAtuBhirasthuthEva BhavathIm shatrunjaya: kunjara:

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! On hearing from Hanuman that Sri Rama was returning, Bharata quickly started to receive Him. He placed You on the royal elephant, Satrunjaya, and proceeded; the elephant, in its delight, secreted slightly hot ichor; the bees that fed on it and got fat with it were singing, as if in Your praise.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: After hearing from HanumAn about the return of RaamA to AyOdhyA , BharathA placed with respect the PaadhukAs on the back of the royal elephant, Satrunjaya , and followed the Paadhukais . The journey was from Nandigraam to AyOdhyA . Swamy Desikan describes the happy state of mind of the royal elephant , while performing the pleasant task of carrying the holy PaadhukAs on its back. Swamy Desikan says that the royal elephant got excited and reached a state of rut and warm fluid associated with that state began to flow from its eyes. The bees were attracted by the perfume of that fluid and began to circle the elephant's head. The sound that the bees generated during that time appeared like the salutations to the Raama Paadhukais.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PadhukE ! HanumAn brought the message to BharathA that Sri Raamachandran was hastening towards AyOdhyA after His victory over RaavaNA at LankA. Bharathan was ecstatic over the news and wanted to unite You with Your Lord.You accepted BharathA's request to enter AyOdhyA with pomp and cermony on the back of the royal elephant for Your reunion. The royal elephant that carried You on its back shed hot ichor from its eyes. The bees enjoyed feeding on the hot ichor and sounded with joy . The reenkAram of the dhvirEpams (bees) sounded like prayerful songs in Your praise.

3) Here Swamy uses the word "dhvirEpam " to refer to the bees , whose other name is Bhramaram. Since there are two "r" s in the word denoting bees (Bhramaram), the other name of DhvirEpam for bees originated.DhvirEpam also means Vedam . The scene looked like the Veda AdhyApakar ( the teacher of VedAs , Swamy NammAzhwAr ) was sitting on the VedikA ( the raised seat , the elephants' back) and the students (bees) were performing adhyayanam (the recital of the VedAs ). Swamy nammAzhwAr is the author of the Tamizh maRais (VedAs ). Thus with Veda ghOsham , the procession of the SatAri Soori on the back of the royal elephant proceeded to AyOdhyA to welcome the victorious return (prathyAgathi )of Lord RaamachandrA..V.S

4) The hot ichor that flowed form the eyes on to the cheeks of the royal elephant was like hot toddy ( kadhushNa dhAana madhirA ). The bees (dhvirEpa:) tasted it and got intoxicated and began to generate joyous sounds that resembled sweet Vedic adulations for the Paadhukais (dhvirEpa dhvani slAgachADubhi: asthutEva )...V.S

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Sloka #229

229. prathyAgathasya BhavathIm avalOkya Bharthu: pAdhAravindasaviDhE BharathOpanIthAm pUrvABhiShekaviBhavABhyuchithAm saparyAm maDhyE sathAm akrutha maIthilarAjakanyA

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Sita was observing You being brought by Bharata near the lotus feet of Rama. She felt that she should pay homage to You for being the first to receive the coronation. She accordingly paid her respects to You in the presence of the elders.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here Swamy Desikan refers to SitA Devi's salutations to Her husband's Paadhukais that had ruled AyOdhyA for fourteen years. She was travelling at the time towards AyOdhyA in the Pushpaka VimAnam and saw the procession of the Paadhukais towards AyOdhyA on the royal elephant's back. She offered Her worship , since the PaadhukAs had been consecrated by Sage VasishtA and others through the coronation bath and subsequent ceremonies for becoming the ruler of the KosalA nation. She offered Her worship to the present ruler.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! BharathAzhwAn presented the Paadhukais to Your Lord on His victorious trip to LankA. SitA PirAtti offered Her salutations to You in the middle of the Raaja Sabhai , since You have already been coronated by Sage VasishtA as the reprensative of RaamA to rule the kingdom.

3) Mythila Raaja KanyA (SitA PirAtti) glanced at Her Lord's Paadhukais , which were placed by BharathAzhwAn with reverence near the lotus feet of Her Lord , who had returned to AyOdhyA as a victor ( PrathyAgathasya Bharthu: Paadaaravindha savidhE , Bharatha upaneetham BhavathIm avalOkya).She immediately recognized the Vaibhavam of the Paadhukais as those , which have already been consecrated with PattAbhishEkam by the Kula Guru, VasishtA and hence performed Her PoojA to them in an appropriate manner in front of all the great ones assembled in the court hall ( PoorvAbhishEkaka Vibhava abhyuchitham saparyAm sathAm madhyE akrutha)...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #230

230. samprEkshya maIThilasuthA maNipAdharakshE! prathyugdhathasya BhavathIm Bharathasya moUloU nirdhishya sA niBhrutham anjalinA purasthAth thArAdhikA: priyasaKhI: ashiShath praNanthum

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka Devi! Sita saw You on Bharata's head as he was proceeding towards Sri Rama to receive Him. She did not open her mouth to speak anything, but in a silent manner, she directed her supplicated-hand towards You, seeing Tara and other lady-companions, thereby enjoining them to pay their respects to You.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh Gem-decked PaadhukE ! When SitA Devi saw You approaching Her and RaamA , while seated on Bharathan's head ,She stood immobile and humbly folded her hands in salutation to You. She also instructed Her dear friends like TarA to offer their own salutations to You.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: When SitA saw You being brought on the head of BharathA towards Her Lord , she pointed You with anjali mudhrA to Her dear friends and directed them to offer their salutations as well.

3) Swamy Desikan states that our ThAyAr saw the Paadhukais on the head of BharathA ( MythilisuthA BhavathIm Bharathasya mouLE samprEkshya). Not only did our ThAyAr see the worshipful Paadhkais , but she also pointed them out reverentially to He rpriya sakhis and directed them to offer their own salutations ( anjalinA nirdhisya --priyasakhI: praNanthum asishath ) . She folded Her hands first with out any hesitation (purasthAth nibhrutham anjalinA nirdhisya) and with the folded palms pointed the Paadhukais to TaarA and other dear friends and suggested to them to offer their own vandhanams ...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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