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Sri Ranganatha Padhuka Sahasram

PADDHATHI #8: Reinstatement at Rama's feet after 14 years (cont..)

Niryaathana Paddhathi





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Sloka #231

231. thulyEpi dhEvi! raGhuvIrapadhAshrayathvE pUrvABhiShEkamaDhigamya garIyasI thvam thenaIva KhalvaBhajathAm maNipAdharakshE! raksha:plavangamapathI BhavatIm savmUrDhnA

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Manipaaduka Devi! That all three of You enjouyed an equality in the manner of clinging to Rama's Feet (and thereby acquiring a crown and a throne too!) is there. However, You enjoy a seniority and a real supremacy. That is why the kings of Rakshasas and Vanaras (namely, Vibhishana abd Sugriva respectively) prostrated to You!

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Oh MaNi PaadhukE! Both SugrIvA , the king of monkeys and VibhIshaNA , the king of LankA both came forward and showed their respect to You by carrying You on their heads. Although PaadhuukAs , SugrIvA and VibhIshaNA were elevated by RaamA to become rulers, the PaadhukAs were the first to have received the coronation bath.Further , the PaadhukAs have connection to the sacred feet of the Lord. Therefore , SugrIvA and VibhIshaNA offered their worship to the Lord's PaadhukAs.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! Even though Yourself, SugrIvA and VibhIshaNa had taken refuge at the holy feet of the Lord , You are superior among Your peer group, since You were the One to receive the first PattAbhishEkam . Therefore , the other two saluted You by carrying You on their heads .

3)In " Raghuveera PadhAsrayam "( seeking refuge at the feet of the Lord ) , the PaadhukAs, SugrIvA and VibhishaNA were equal ( thulyam). Inspite of that "equality" in status, SugrIvA and VibhIshaNA recognized that PaadhukA is superior to them. Why ? The PaadhukAs attained that exalted status due to the fact that they were coronated first ( Thvam poorvAbhishEkam adhigamya garIyasi). In recognition of that superior status of the Paadhukais , SugrIvA and VibhishaNA carried them on their heads and presented them to RaamA (Raksha: plavangama pathI bhavathIm svamUrhdnA abhajathAm )....V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #232

232. nirvruttharAkshasachamUmrugayAvihArO rangEshvara: sa Khalu rAGhavavamshagOpthA vamshakramaAdhupanatham padhamAdhaDhAnO mAnyam punasthvayi padham nidhaDhE svakIyam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Rama placed His feet on You again. It was an acquisition by Him, of a post, that He had inherited from His forefathers as a matter of right. It could be said that the protector of Raghu race, namely, Sri Rama, who was actually only Lord Ranganatha, having completed His sport of hunting out the Rakshasas, now took over again (the emperorship)-meanwhile He gave You a place, a respectable status, which can never belong to anyone else! (The unique honourable place the Paaduka occupies cannot be taken away even if the rulership is taken away!)

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubahavam:Oh PaadhukE! RaamA was the protector of the race of Raghu and the crown of North Kosalam was His property. He wanted to destroy RaavaNA and his entourage. He went on a hunt in the forest and destroyed them effortlessly. He appointed You to rule His kingdom, while He was away on that hunt. After the completion of His mission , He took over the rulership of His kingdom from You and made You happy by returning You to what was always Your property (viz)., His holy feet. Here Swamy Desikan answers the question on the appropriateness or otherwise of the PaadhukAs , the erstwhile ruler of AyOdhyA , to return to the Lord's sacred feet.

2) Oh PaadhukE ! Sri RanganAthan incarnated as Sri Raamachandran , went to the forest , killed all the RaakshasAs,took over His ancient family title and gave You back again His holy feet and made You haapy..

3)Oh Ranga PaadhukE! The Rangapura VihAran is the ancient protector of the Raagava Vamsam (Raagava Vamsa gopthA).He incarnated as RaamA to have the hearty sport of destroying the armies of RaakshasAs both at DandakAraNyam and LankA (Raakshasa chamU mrugayA vihara:). He concluded that hunt and took over His heriditary title ( Sa: Rangeswara: vamsakramAth upanatham padham aadhadhAna:)back from You .What happened to You next? He gave You back again Your cherished property ( Sa: RangEswara: puna: maanyam svakIyam padham thvayi nidhadhE khalu )...V.S

4) Swamy Desikan plays here with the word padham , which has two meanings. Padham is heriditary title/position . Padham also means paadham or Thiruvadi .RanganathAn took on the padham ( heriditary title)as the protector of Raaghava vamsam and gave You His sacred padham ( feet ) back or placed His sacred Padham on You as before for His Sriranga vihAram. For the Paadhukais the Lord's Padham is indeed parama padham (supreme abode)...V.S --- End forwarded message ---

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Sloka #233

233. thatthAdhrushO: charaNayO: praNipathya Bharthu: poUrAsthvayA viDhruthayO: prathipannasathvA: prApthABhiShEkaviBhavAmapi pAdhukE! thvAm AnandhabhAShpasalilaI: punaraBhyaShinchan

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! You were now worn by those worthy Feet of the lovable king, and it added a new charm to those feet the citizens, who saw the coalescence and rejoiced adn fell down prostrate in deference, showered tears of joy on You, in a manner of a second abhisheka to one who had already been annointed and crowned.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! When You were aabharaNam for the Lord's Thiruvadi and continued Your traditional service , the citizens of AyOdhyA fell at RaamA's feet and were overjoyed at seeing You there.They bathed You once again , but this time with their happy tears over Your reunion with Your Lord's feet.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! The citizens of AyOdhyA were waiting longingly to have again the darsanam of RaamachandrA in union with You . When the Lord adorned You , they felt like they were born again and attained a high state of happiness. Tears rolled down form their eyes and performed a second pattAbhishEkam for You .

3)"thvAm aanandha bhAshpa salilai: puna:abhyashincchan " is Swamy Desikan's description of what happened at AyOdhyA , when the citizens saw their Lord united with His paadhukAs after many years of seperation . The citizens shed copius tears of Joy , which fell over the paadhukAs as they prostrated before their Lord adorned with the PaadhukAs. The Paadhukais had already received the coronation bath from Sage VasishTA with waters collected from holy rivers. Hence ,this was the second coronation bath for the PaadhukAs...V.S --- End forwarded message ---

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Sloka #234

234. mAthasthvayaIya samayE viShamEpi samyag rAjanvathIm vasumathIm avalOkya rAma: sanjIvanAya Bharathasya samagraBhakthE: sathyaprathishravathayaIva chakAra rAjyam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Mother Paaduka! Bharata had indeed well administered the kingdom with You in the throne, that too in a critical period: Nevertheless, Sri Rama accepted the Royal Throne, relieving Bharata from his responsibility, only because He ought to keep His word (that He would return at the end of fourteen years and take over) given to a perfect devotee that Bharata was.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here, Swamy Desikan answers the question as to why the crowned PaadhukAs , which ruled AyOdhyA so effectively ,had to return to RaamA's feet instead of continuing as the king. He says: " Oh Mother PaadhukE ! RaamA knew very well how effectively You had ruled the kingdom during His absence. He would rather have You continue to be the king. RaamA however had pledged to BharathA that He will return at the end of fourteen years and take back the reins of the kingdom. He could not break that pledge and hence He took over from You reluctantly.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! When RaamA started His vana vAsam to fulfil His pledge to His father, it was very troubling times. At that time, there was a search for anyone to assume the responsibilities of ruling the kingdom in place of RaamA . You were selected by RaamA to fill that post because of Your highest qualifications .BharathA however was adamant in his insistence that RaamA return after the fourteen years of exile and declared solemnly that he will immolate himself by entering fire , if RaamA did not fulfil His vow to return and sit on the throne of KosalA kingdom. Therefore , RaamA took back the kingdom from You reluctantly.

3) The time when RaamA had to leave for the forest was the most disturbing times ( Vishama samayam). RaamA selected the Paadhukai as the most qualified to serve as His representative to rule the kingdom in His absence. When he returned, He saw the Kingdom thriving under the rule by His PaadhukAs and would have preferred that PaadhukA continue to be the king. He had however a dharma Sankatam . He could not go back on His pledge given to BharathA that He would return at the end of the fourteen years and sit on the throne of the Raghu vamsam. As a satya- Vrathan , He could not falsify His pledge. Had He refused to fulfill His pledge, BharathA's life would be in danger. Bharatha Sanjeevanam was very much on His mind. Therefore , He accepted back reluctantly the reins of of the kingdom from the PaadhukAs... V.S

Reply

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #235

235. padhAvani! prathigathasya purImayODhyAm poUlasthyahanthuraBhiShEkajalArdhramUrthE: amsE yaThArham aDhivAsya nijaIryashOBhi: kasthUrikEva nihithA vasuDhA thvayaIva

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! when the slayer of Ravana returned to Ayodhya victoriously and was duly crowned in Patta-abisheka ritual, the burden of the kingdon was placed on His shoulders by You Yourself-the land having acquired a special fragrance from Your Fame as a ruler. The Earth, to Sri Rama, was the fragrant Kasthuri mark (on the forehead) another decoration for the great one. (Or, could it be that ruling over the land was a mere trifle for Sri Rama, a mere affixing of the Kasthuri mark on the forehead?)

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UttaamUr Swamy's anubhavam:Oh PaadhukE! When RaamA had the coronation bath at AyOdhyA , His body was still wet. You placed on the new king's shoulder the musk deer perfume in the form of a decorative spot. You performed this customary rite in Your role as the predecessor of RaamA as the ruler of North KosalA . You enhanced His glory by adding Your own glory to that of Your Lord and made the musk deer perfume even more fragrant.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: At the time of Your Lord's own pattAbhishEkam , You placed the earth that You had ruled on His shoulders and made that earth fragrant as a result of its assoication with Your fame .

3) The description of a sacred rite during the Raama- PattaabhishEkam by Swamy Desikan is moving. When Sage VasishTA poured the consecrated waters , Raama"s body was wet with those waters .RaamA shined radiant with those wet waters clinging to His body and gave His darsanam as " AbhishEka Jala aardhra Moorthi ". The PaadhukA took the next ritualistic step (viz)., the transfer of power by placing the Earth(VasundharA) on RaamA's wet shoulders. It was like the placement of fragrant KasthUri (deer musk perfume ) on His wet shoulders . This Kasthuri ( the earth)however had enhanced fragrance as a result of assoication with Your Keerthi (fame) as a just and effective ruler...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #236

236. yAsoU chathurdasha samA: pathiviprayukthA vishvamBharA BhagavathI viDhruthA BhavathyA vinyasya thAm raGhupathErBhujashaIlashrungE BhUyOpi thEna sahithAm BhavathI baBhAra

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! You bore the burden of the kingdom-the land, the Bhoomi Devi, the goddess who literally bears all the universe (Vishwambara),-for fourteen years when in separation from the rightful Lord of the land-and, now on His return, placed the whole burden on His mountain-like shoulders, (which can bear anything) True, so far. But, then, You bear the whole burden (of the kingdom) with the addition of the Bearer (Rama) also, on Yourself! (The present Ruler Rama received the responsibility of ruling from You, but still He stands on You. You, therefore, bear the old burden with Rama added!)

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here , Swamy Desikan desribes the majestic gait of RaamA , while He nmoved about wearing the PaadhukAs. He says: " Oh PaadhukE ! Mother Earth (VisvambharA) was seperated from Her Lord for fourteen long years. She was full of sorrow from that seperation . You consoled Her and carried Her on Your shoulder as the designated representative of Your Lord. Now that You (Paadhukais) are united with Him , You are now carrying RaamA along with BhUmi dEvi resting on His shoulder and perform a new kaimkaryam to Your Lord. 2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE! For fourteen years, You carried BhUmi dEvi alone on Your shoulder. After Your Lord's return to AyOdhyA , You have placed BhUmi dEvi on Your Lord's shoulder and carrying Him along with BhUmi dEvi. 3) Swamy Desikan salutes Mother Earth here as "BhagavathI VisvambharA ". She was reverentially caaried on the shoulders of the Paadhukais for fourteen years ( BhavathyA VisvambharA chathurdasa samA: vidhruthA ). That VisvambharA is now placed by You on the mountain like shoulders of Your Lord and reunited .You are now carrying once again that mighty RaamA along with VisvambharA ( thEna sahithAmthAm BhabhAra)...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #237

237. nisthIrNadhuKhajalaDhEranaGhasya dhEvi! thvathsamprayuktharaGhnAThapadhAnvayEna sadhya: sanandanamuKhaIrapi dhurnirIkshA sAmrAjyasampadh aparA Bharathasya jagnyE

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Goddess Paaduka! The sinless Bharata crossed the ocean of grief on joining You with Rama's Feet. (He who was, till then, a servant of Paaduka, now became the servant of the Lord's feet as well as the Paaduka). He has now reached the status of another kind of great ruler-that is not possible even for great Yogis like Sanandana. (He has now attained the kingdom of Kaimkarya which is equivalent to Moksha. It is just like the bonded souls crossing the samsara-ocean and reaching the Bhagavat-pada-seva in Paramapada, which is the supreme kingdom).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam : Here Swamy Desikan describes the elevation of BharathA as heir-apparent (Yuva RaajA ) to RaamA. He says: " Oh PaadhukE! BharathA was immersed in the ocean of sorrow during the fourteen years of seperation from RaamA . He served You , when You ruled the kingdom as his brother's representative. Earlier, he had refused the kingdom offered by his parents and was thus totally guiltless. BharathA gianed his own kingdom by serving You dutifully. That kingdom was known as " PaadhukA- SaamrAjyam ". After RaamA was reunited with You by BharathA at the end of the fourteen years, his sorrows were over and he gained an illustrious lustre that is not within the reach of even Yogis like SanakA and others.

2) Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: Oh PaadhukE ! When BharathA reunited You with his brother's thiruvadi ,he jumped over the great ocean of sorrow ( the sorrow of seperation from his brother for fourteen long years).An incomparable radiance --not possessed even by the likes of Sages Sanakar , Sananthanar, SanathkumArar and SanathsujAthar-- was gined by Bharathan . The inner meaning is that there is no one among the BhakthAs of PerumAL , who match the vaibhavam of Bharathan.

3) Bharathan attained the status of "Bhaktha chakravarthi" as a result of uniting the Paadhukais with the sacred feet of his brother after fourteen years of seperation. That was a different kind of wealth/isvaryam ( aparA saamrAjya sampath). That sampath attained by the blemishles BharathA was beyond the reach of even great BhakthAs of the Lord such as SanakA et al ( anagasya Bharathasya Sanandhamukhairapi durnirIkshaa aparA saamrAjya sampath sadhya: jagnE)...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #238

238. nirgathya dhevi! BharathAnjalipadhmamaDhyAth BhUya: samAgathavathI puruShotthamEna padhmEva BhadramaKhilam maNipAdharakshE prAdhuschakAra BhavathI jagathAm thrayANAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! You are verily Mahalakshmi, emanating from the lotus that was formed by the hand-folding in supplication by Bharata. Having joined the Best Person, the Lord, You generate all auspices for the three worlds.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1)Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here Swami Desikan describes the PaadhukAs united with its Lord as MahA Lakshmi, who is united with VishNu. He says: " Oh PaadhukE ! You left the hands of BharathA , which were folded in anjali mudhrA like a closed lotus flower. You joined then Your Lord's feet and supported them . Your union with RaamA resulted in all kinds of auspiciousness to the entire world.

2) Oh PaadhukE ! The PurANams state that MahA Lakshmi left the Lord's side as a result of Sage DhurvAsA's curse for IndrA and entered the milky ocean. When Her Lord churned that ocean , She rose out of a divine lotus flower and joined the chest of Her Lord and showered the world with all auspiciousness .Similar to that, BharathA's uniting You with Your Lord's feet led to sakala soubhAgyams to the whole world .

3) The imagery presented by Swamy Desikan here is beautiful .Just as MahA Lakshmi stepped down from the beautiful lotus flower in the middle of the milky ocean during amrutha madhanam , Paadhukai left the "anjali padhmam" formed by BahrathA's joined palms. Then it got reunited with the Lord ( BhUya: PurushOtthamEna samAgathavathy).Just like MahA Lakshmi after reunion with her Lord, they showered on all ther three worlds sakala KshEmams ( BhavathI PadhmEva thrayANAm JagathAm Akhilam Bhadram prAdhuscchakAra)...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #239

239. raGhupathimaDhirOpya svOchithE rathnapITE praguNam aBhajaThAsthvam pAdhukE! pAdhapITam thadhapi bahumathisthE thAdrushI nithyamAsIth kva nu Khalu mahithAnAm kalpyathE thArathamyam

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! You placed Sri Rama, rich in qualities, on the throne made of gemstones; You in turn became the seat for His Feet. So, what? Your respectability remained unaffected even now, for, in the case of the highest, ups and downs of position would not cause any change in respectability.

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here Swami Desikan states that the PaadhukAs established themselves in its customary place at the foot of the throne of RaamA after reunion with His feet and were revered as before. He says: " Oh PaadhukE ! You seated RaamA on the throne that was appropriate for Him and positioned Yourself at the foot of that throne , where the foot rest stays. Even if Your position was at the lower level of the throne , reverence for You persisted as before, when You were seated for fourteen years as the king of Kosala desam as RaamA's representative.It is well known that those, who are worthy of worship are respected at the same level , whether they sit low or high due to changing circumstances. They receive the same intensity of respect due to their intrinsic worth.

2) The inner meaning is that the great ones are revered with same adulation , whether at a lower or higher level.

3) Swamy asks a profound question here: " MahIthAnAm kkvanu khalu taaratamyam kalpyathE ?" ( for the great Ones , how could there be any differntiation in reverence, whether they are at a lower or exalted position ?). Swamy Desikan answers his own question with a resounding "never "...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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Sloka #240

240. anuvruttharAmaBhAva: shankE nirviShtachakravarthipadhAm aDhunApi ranganAtha: sachamathkAram padhEna Bhajathi thvAm

Meaning (translated by Sri. U.Ve. V.N. Vedanta Desikan)

Oh Paaduka! Lord Ranganatha, quite well recalling that He was once Rama in Vibhava-Avatara, also noting that the past continues in hte present, carefully inserted His Feet into You. (You who were the ruler of Ayodhya).

Special Notes from Sri. U.Ve. V. Sadagopan

1) Sri UtthamUr Swamy's anubhavam: Here, Swami Desikan points out that the very same PaadhukAs that adorned RaamA's feet are serving Lord RanganAthA's holy feetnow . He says: Oh PaadhukE! You ruled the kingdom of Raghus for fourteen years on behalf of Your Lord. When He ascended the throne , He was somewhat hesitant to set His foot on You during Your reunion. It appeared as though His feet bent slightly out of rspect for Your stature. Even today , RanganAthA remembers His incarnation as RaamA and whenever He joins You to go on His round of duties , He bends His feet somewhat out of reverence for You and Your yeoman service for fourteen years, when You ruled as His representative. Such is Your noble stature ! 2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: When RanganAthA enters into His paadhukais, He is very careful so that His fingers do not crash into the inner side of His Paadhukais. Paadhukai was the MahA RaaNi and He shows respect to her stature by placing Hisfeet inside with respect. 3) Swamy Desikan states here that RanganAthA unites His feet with the Paadhukais ever so carefully because of His respect for them , which possessed emperorship once before.Lord RanganAtha shows great dexterity and care in uniting His feet with those of the paadhukais because of Her stature...V.S

Srimate Sri Laksminrisimha Divya Paduka Sevaka Srivan Satakopa Sri Narayana Yatindra Mahadesikaya Nama:

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